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Ground Penetrating Radar Detection of Subsnow Liquid Overflow on I...

By: A. Gusmeroli; G. Grosse

Description: International Arctic Research Center, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, Alaska, USA. Lakes are abundant throughout the pan-Arctic region. For many of these lakes ice cover lasts for up to two thirds of the year. This frozen cover allows human access to these lakes, which are therefore used for many subsistence and recreational activities, including water harvesting, fishing, and skiing. Safe access to these lakes may be compromised, however,...

Adams, W. P. and Roulet, N. T.: Illustration of the roles of snow in the evolution of the winter cover of a lake, Arctic, 33, 100–116, 1980.; AMAP, 2011: Snow, Water, Ice and Permafrost in the Arctic (SWIPA): Climate Change and the Cryosphere, Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme (AMAP), Oslo, Norway, xii + 538 pp., 2011.; Arcone, S. A. and Delaney, A. J.: Airborne river-ice thickness profiling with helicopter-borne UHF short-pulse radar, J. Glaciol., 33, 330–340, ...

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Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de L'Academie des Science...

By: Académie des Sciences (France); Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (France)

CIS abstracts; Vols. 1 (1835)-31 (1850). 1 v.; Vols. 32 (1851)-61 (1865). 1 v.; Vols. 62 (1866)-91 (1880). 1 v.; Vols. 92 (1881)-121 (1895). 1 v.; Vols. 122 (1896)-151 (1910). 1 v.; Vols. 212 (1941)-241 (1955). 1 v; The proceedings for the period prior to 1835 are contained in: Acad‚mie des sciences (France). ProcŠs-verbaux des s‚ances de l'Acad‚mie tenues depuis la fondation de l'Institut jusqu'au mois d'ao–t 1835; Split into: Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des s‚ances de...

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Multi-channel Ground-penetrating Radar to Explore Spatial Variatio...

By: K. Roth; Q. Yu; H. Gerhards; U. Wollschläger

Description: Institute of Environmental Physics, Heidelberg University, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany. Multi-channel ground-penetrating radar was applied at a permafrost site on the Tibetan Plateau to investigate the influence of surface properties and soil texture on the late-summer thaw depth and average soil moisture content of the active layer. Measurements were conducted on an approximately 85×60 m2 sized area with surface and soil textural properties tha...

Annan, A. P. and Davis, J. L.: Impulse radar sounding in permafrost, Radio Sci., 4, 383–394, 1976.; Arcone, S. A., Lawson D. E., Delaney, A. J., and Strasser, J. C.: Ground-penetrating radar reflection profiling of groundwater and bedrock in an area of discontinuous permafrost, Geophysics, 63, 1573–1584, 1998.; Bradford, J. H.: Measuring water content heterogeneity using multifold GPR with reflection tomography, Vadose Zone J., 7, 184–193, 2008.; Bradford, J. H., McNamar...

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Surface High-resolution Temperature Forecast in Southern Italy : V...

By: E. Avolio; F. Fusto; S. Federico; C. Bellecci; R. Niccoli

Description: ISAC-CNR, UOS of Lamezia Terme, Lamezia Terme (CZ), Italy. Since June 2008, 1-h temperature forecasts for the Calabria region (Southern Italy) are issued at 2.5 km horizontal resolution at CRATI/ISAC-CNR. Forecasts are available online at http://meteo.crati.it/previsioni.html (every 6-h). This paper shows the forecast performance out to three days for one climatological year (from 1 December...

Colacino, M.: Mediterranean Meteorology, in: Proceedings NATO-ASI, edited by: Charnock, H., Reports in Meteorology and Oceanography, 40, 1–38, 1990.; Cotton, W. R., Pielke Sr., R. A., Walko, R. L., Liston, G. E., Tremback, C. J., Jiang, H., McAnelly, R. L., Harrington, J. Y., Nicholls, M. E., Carrio, G. G., and McFadden, J. P.: RAMS 2001: Current status and future directions, Meteor. Atmos., Phys., 82, 5–29, 2003.; Federico, S.: Verification of surface minimum, mean, and...

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Impact of Global Ocean Model Resolution on Sea-level Variability w...

By: M. Juza; G. C. Smith; J.-m. Molines; L. Brodeau; B. Barnier; T. Penduff; A.-m. Treguier; G. Madec

Description: Laboratoire des Écoulements Géophysiques et Industriels, UMR 5519, CNRS and Université de Grenoble, BP 53, 38041, Grenoble, France. Four global ocean/sea-ice simulations driven by the same realistic 47-year daily atmospheric forcing were performed by the DRAKKAR group at 2°, 1°, ½°, and ¼° resolutions. Simulated mean sea-surface heights (MSSH) and sea-level anomalies (SLA) are collocated over the period 1993–2004 onto the AVISO dataset. MSSH fields ...

Arakawa, A. and Lamb, V.: A potential enstrophy and energy conserving scheme for the shallow water equations, Mon. Weather Rev., 109, 18–36, 1981.; Barnier, B., Madec, G., Penduff, T., Molines, J.-M., Treguier, A.-M., le Sommer, J., Beckmann, A., Biastoch, A., B{ö}ning, C., Dengg, J., Derval, C., Durand, E., Gulev, S., Remy, E., Talandier, C., Theetten, S., Maltrud, M., McClean, J., and de Cuevas, B.: Impact of partial steps and momentum advection schemes in a global cir...

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Thermal Conductivity of Anisotropic Snow Measured by Three Indepen...

By: F. Riche; M. Schneebeli

Description: WSL Institute for Snow and Avalanche Research SLF, Davos Dorf, Switzerland. The thermal conductivity of snow determines the temperature gradient, and by this the rate of snow metamorphism. It is therefore a key property of snow. However, parameterizations of thermal conductivity measured with the transient needle probe and the steady-state heat-flux plate show a bias. In addition, it is not clear to which degree thermal anisotropy is rele...

Abels, G.: Beobachtungen der täglichen Periode der Temperatur im Schnee und Bestimmung des Wärmeleitungsvermögens des Schnees als Function seiner Dichtigkeit, Kaiserl. Akad. Wissensch., Rep. Meteorologie, 16, 1–53, 1892.; Abu-Hamdeh, N. and Reeder, R.: Soil thermal conductivity: effects of density, moisture, salt concentration, and organic matter, Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 64, 1285–1290, 2000.; Ams, C. H., Knackstedt, M. A., Pinczewski, W. V., and Lindquist, W. B.: Accurate...

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Anzeiger Der Kaiserlichen Akademie Der Wissenschaften, Mathematisc...

By: Kaiserl. Akademie Der Wissenschaften in Wien. Mathematisch-Naturwissenschaftliche Klasse

Description: Elecresource

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Buletinul Societatii De Sciinte Din Bucuresci, România = Bulletin ...

By: Societatea De Stiinte Din Bucuresti

Description: Description based on: anul 6, no. 1 (ian./feb. 1897)

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The Philippine Journal of Science

By: Philippines. National Science Development Board

Description: Vol.1 (1906) issued in one section; Vols. 2-4 (1907-09) in 3 sections; Section A. General science; Section B. Medical sciences; Section C. Botany; Vols. 5-13 (1910-1918) in 4 sections; Section A. Chemical and geological sciences and the industries; Section B. Tropical medicine (varies slightly) (called Medical sciences, v. 5-6); Section C. Botany; Section D. General biology, ethnology and anthropology (varies slightly)

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Proceedings of the United States National Museum

By: United States National Museum; United States. Dept. of the Interior; Smithsonian Institution

Supplemental catalog subcollection information: American Libraries Collection; Historical Literature; Vols. 1-18 dated 1878-95; v. 19- have imprint date only; Vol. 1-10 issued by: Dept. of the Interior, U.S. National Museum (published under the direction of the Smithsonian Institution); v. 11-125: Smithsonian Institution, United States National Museum SERBIB/SERLOC merged record

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Limitations of Using a Thermal Imager for Snow Pit Temperatures : ...

By: B. Jamieson; M. Schirmer

Description: Department of Civil Engineering, University of Calgary, Calgary, Canada. Driven by temperature gradients, kinetic snow metamorphism plays an import role in avalanche formation. When gradients based on temperatures measured 10 cm apart appear to be insufficient for kinetic metamorphism, faceting close to a crust can be observed. Recent studies that visualised small-scale (< 10 cm) thermal structures in a profile of snow layers with an infrared (IR) camer...

Dozier, J. and Warren, S.: Effect of viewing angle on the infrared brightness temperature of snow, Water Resour. Res., 18, 1424–1434, 1982.; Hori, M., Aoki, T., Tanikawa, T., Motoyoshi, H., Hachikubo, A., Sugiura, K., Yasunari, T. J., Eide, H., Storvold, R., Nakajima, Y., and Takahashi, F.: In-situ measured spectral directional emissivity of snow and ice in the 8–14 μm atmospheric window, Remote Sens. Environ., 100, 486–502, 2006.; Hori, M., Aoki, T., Tanika...

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Izviestiia Imperatorskoi Akademii Nauk = Bulletin De L'Académie Im...

By: Imperatorskaia Akademiia Nauk (Russia)

Description: Vols. 1 (1907)-v. 10 (1916), with v. 10

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Nature; Volume: 71 Nov. 1904 - Apr. 1905

By: Lockyer, Joseph Norman, Sir 1836-1920, Editor

Rare book preservation notes: Due to the deteriorated condition of this book, there were limitations with the digital preservation of this books. There may be pages missing, narrow margins or page content running into the gutter. Because of the historic u

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Science; Numbered Serries Volume: 56 July-Dec 1922

By: Michels, John, 1875- edt; American Association for the Advancement of Science

Rare book preservation notes: Due to the deteriorated condition of this book, there were limitations with the digital preservation of this books. There may be pages missing, narrow margins or page content running into the gutter. Because of the historic u

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Spatio-temporal Variability of Micro-, Nano- and Pico-phytoplankto...

By: R. Santoleri; M. Sammartino; S. Marullo; A. Di Cicco

Description: CNR – Istituto di Scienze dell'Atmosfera e del Clima, Rome, Italy. The seasonal and year-to-year variability of the spatial distribution of the Phytoplankton Size Classes (PSCs) has been examined in the Mediterranean Sea using the entire time series of Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) space observations (1998 to 2010). PSCs daily maps have been determined using an empirical model based on a synoptic relationship between surface chloroph...

Alvain, S., Moulin, C., Dandonneau, Y., and Bréon, F. M.: Remote sensing of phytoplankton groups in case 1 waters from global SeaWiFS imagery, Deep-Sea Res. Pt. I, 52, 1989–2004, 2005.; Alvain, S., Moulin, C., Dandonneau, Y., and Loisel, H.: Seasonal distribution and succession of dominant phytoplankton groups in the global ocean: a satellite view, Global Biogeochem. Cy., 22, GB3001, doi:10.1029/2007GB003154, 2008.; Anto...

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Transactions of the Annual Meetings of the Kansas Academy of Scien...

By: Kansas Academy of Science. Meeting
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Antarctic Sea Ice Variability and Trends, 1979–2010 : Volume 6, Is...

By: C. L. Parkinson; D. J. Cavalieri

Description: Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory/Code 615, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771, USA. In sharp contrast to the decreasing sea ice coverage of the Arctic, in the Antarctic the sea ice cover has, on average, expanded since the late 1970s. More specifically, satellite passive-microwave data for the period November 1978–December 2010 reveal an overall positive trend in ice extents of 17 100 ± 2300 km2 yr−1. Much of the ...

ACIA, Arctic Climate Impact Assessment: Cambridge, UK, Cambridge University Press, 1042 pp., 2005.; Ainley, D. G., Tynan, C. T., and Stirling, I.: Sea ice: A critical habitat for polar marine mammals and birds, in: Sea Ice: An introduction to Its Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Geology, edited by: Thomas, D. N. and Dieckmann, G. S., Oxford, Blackwell Science, 240–266, 2003.; Cavalieri, D. J. and Parkinson, C. L.: Antarctic sea ice variability and trends, 1979–2006, J. G...

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Modelling the Transfer of Supraglacial Meltwater to the Bed of Lev...

By: I. D. Bartholomew; P. W. Nienow; W. Schwanghart; C. C. Clason; A. Sole; D. W. F. Mair; S. Palmer

Description: Department of Physical Geography and Quaternary Geology, Stockholm University, 106 91 Stockholm, Sweden. Meltwater delivered to the bed of the Greenland Ice Sheet is a driver of variable ice-motion through changes in effective pressure and enhanced basal lubrication. Ice surface velocities have been shown to respond rapidly both to meltwater production at the surface and to drainage of supraglacial lakes, suggesting efficient transfer of meltwater from t...

Andrews, L. C., Catania, G. A., Hoffman, M. J., Gulley, J. D., Lüthi, M. P., Ryserm C., Hawley, R. L., and Neumann, T. A.: Direct observations of evolving subglacial drainage beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet, Nature, 514, 80–83, doi:10.1038/nature13796, 2014.; Arnold, N. S., Banwell, A. F., and Willis, I. C.: High-resolution modelling of the seasonal evolution of surface water storage on the Greenland Ice Sheet, The Cryosp...

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Numerical Modelling of Thermodynamics and Dynamics of Sea Ice in t...

By: M. Kowalewski; J. Jedrasik; A. Herman

Description: Institute of Oceanography, University of Gdańsk, 81-378 Gdynia, Poland. In this paper, a numerical dynamic-thermo-dynamic sea-ice model for the Baltic Sea is used to analyze the variability of ice conditions in three winter seasons. The modelling results are validated with station (water temperature) and satellite data (ice concentration) as well as by qualitative comparisons with the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute ice ...

Sahlberg, J.: Modelling the thermal regime of a lake during the winter season, Cold Reg. Sci. Technol., 15, 151–159, 1988.; Björk, G., Nohr, C., Gustafsson, B. G., and Amund, E. B.: Ice dynamics in the Bothnian Bay inferred from ADCP measurements, Tellus, 60A, 178–188, 2008.; Blumberg, A. F. and Mellor, G. L.: A description of the three-dimensional coastal ocean circulation model, in: Three-Dimensional Coastal Ocean Models, edited by: Heaps, N., American Geophys. Union, ...

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Net Primary Productivity, Upwelling and Coastal Currents in the Gu...

By: R. Cervantes-duarte; A. Trasviña-castro; E. González-rodríguez; G. Gaxiola-castro; L. Zamudio

Description: Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de Ensenada (CICESE), Unidad La Paz, Miraflores No. 334, Fracc. Bella Vista, La Paz 23050 BCS México. The Gulf of Ulloa, a highly productive area off the western coast of the Baja California Peninsula, is examined for five successive years (2003–2007) by using satellite data and seasonal net primary productivity (NPP) estimates obtained from a vertical generalised production model. The results ide...

Bakun, A. and Nelson, C. S.: Climatology of upwelling related processes off Baja California., CALCOFI Report, 19, 107–127, 1977.; Behrenfeld, M. J. and Falkowski, P. G.: Photosynthetic rates derived from satellite based chlorophyll concentration, Limnol. Oceanogr., 42, 1–20, 1997.; Bleck, R.: An oceanic general circulation model framed in hybrid isopycnic-cartesian coordinates, Ocean Model, 4, 55–88, doi:10.1016/S14...

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