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Essays on Central Asia

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

The designation "Altai," as Ozbek and Kazakh, are primarily geographical, tribal or confederation names, not ethnonyms. Those appellations were mistakenly or deliberately turned into "ethnic"or "political" classifications by early explorers or intelligence agents arriving in those lands ahead of the Russian armies and bureaucrats.

Islam is the latest religion to reach Central Asia. The indigenous Tengri and Shamanism,20 which appears to have co- existed with Zoroastrianism, prevailed even after the arrival of other religions such as Buddhism and Manichaeanism.21 The introduction of Islam into Central Asia went through roughly three stages: force of arms and alms; the scholasticist madrasa; Sufism. But the first group to come into contact with Islam in Central Asia were not the Shamanistic or Buddh...

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ALPAMYSH : Central Asian Identity under Russian Rule

By: Ph.D. HB Paksoy

The struggle of the Central Asians to preserve this dastan in the face of Soviet attacks upon it is the central focus of the present work. The attacks and attempts to save the Alpamysh dastan may be divided into two "phases" -- the first is represented by the Central Asians' own efforts to record the dastan on paper and publish it widely in response to Russian occupation and ensuing Russification campaigns, Christian proselytization, "language reform," boundary revision ...

Another representative sample of this early phase of the "movement" is A Manual on the Turanians and PanTuranianism33 (published by the British Admiralty, during the First World War) a work based on Vambery's Turkenvolk34 and compiled by Sir Denison Ross.35 Even Alexander Kerensky, in Paris exile after the Bolshevik Revolution, was utilizing the same "Turanian" rhetoric, calling it "a menace threatening the world."36 Despite its European origins and its European goals, t...

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The Cold War from the Standpoints of Its Victims

By: Eqbal Ahmad

Eqbal Ahmad (1933/34 - 1999) joined the National Liberation Front and worked with Frantz Fanon, was indicted with the anti-war Catholic priests, Daniel and Phillip Berrigan, along with four other Catholic pacifists, on charges of conspiracy to kidnap Henry Kissinger (it was a mistrial), and wrote prolifically as a journalist and political theorist. This talk was delivered in 1991

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Testimony of Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz on Vieques, Puerto Rico

By: Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz

Testimony of Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz on Vieques, Puerto Rico (October 2. 1979). Text first printed in Spanish in Arturo Metendez Lopez, La Batalla de Vieques (Bavamdn, Puerto Rico: COPEC. 1982). Translation courtesy of Ismael Guadalupe Ortiz,

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The Struggle Goes On

By: Walter Rodney

This address by Rodney was made in September 1979, at a street corner in Georgetown. It says something of the crisis of neocolonial rule in Guyana then, and of Rodney and the Working People's Alliance (W.P.A.) struggle against such rule. Rodney would be assassinated in less than a year.

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The Chicago Boys in Chile : Economic Freedom's Awful Toll: Economi...

By: Orlando Letelier

Repression for the majorities and “economic freedom” for small privileged groups are two sides of the same coin.

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Street Speech

By: Walter Rodney

A street speech in Guyana by Walter Rodney arguing against racial antagonism and explaining its role in the functioning of capitalism. Note: It is important to understand that the following comments were made specifically in the context of the Guyanese situation.

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Walter Rodney Speaks : The Making of an African Intellectual (Sele...

By: Walter Rodney

A dialogue held in Amherst, MA where Rodney discussed his own political and intellectual development, and exchanged views on the role of the black intellectual.

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A Bicentennial Without a Puerto Rican Colony

By: Piri Thomas

Published in The Crisis, December 1975. As the United States prepared to celebrate the Bicentennial of the American revolution of 1776, anti-imperialists sought to call the nation back to its anti-colonial routes. A focus of many activists was the continuing U.S. control of the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico, which the U.S. has occupied since 1898.

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Victor : An Unfinished Song (Three Chapters): An Unfinished Song (...

By: Joan Jara

Written by his wife, this book tells of the life and times of Chilean folksinger Victor Jara, murdered in 1973 by the military after having worked to bring Salvador Allende into power and democracy to his country.

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A Fundamental Necessity of the Revolution

By: Samora Machel

Excerpts from the Opening Speech of the First Conference of Mozambican Women by Samora Moises Machel, president of FRELIMO, on March 4, 1973. Translated from Portuguese.

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George Jackson : Black Revolutionary: Black Revolutionary

By: Walter Rodney

George Jackson also authored Blood In My Eye which was published posthumously, or after this article was written.

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National Liberation and Culture

By: Amilcar Cabral

This text was originally delivered on February 20, 1970; as part of the Eduardo Mondlane (1) Memorial Lecture Series at Syracuse University, Syracuse, New York, under the auspices of The Program of Eastern African Studies. It was translated from the French by Maureen Webster.

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Alcatraz Proclamation and Letter

By: Indians of All Tribes (IAT)

Alcatraz Proclamation and Letters by Native Americans from November 20, 1969 to June 11, 1971 on Alcatraz Island.

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African History in the Service of the Black Liberation

By: Walter Rodney

This is a transcription of a lecture given by Walter Rodney on 12 October 1968 at the Congress of Black Writers in Montreal, Canada. The original audiotape of the lecture and the others from the 1968 Congress of Black Writers are in the possession of the Alfie Roberts Institute, Montreal, Canada. They were entrusted to David Austin by the late Alfie Roberts in 1995. Before his untimely death in July 1996, Roberts and Austin were in the process of preparing the speeches f...

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Create Two, Three, Many Vietnams : Message to the Tricontinental: ...

By: Ernesto Che Guevara

From: The Che Reader, Ocean Press, 2003.

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The Weapon of Theory

By: Amilcar Cabral

Address delivered to the first Tricontinental Conference of the Peoples of Asia, Africa and Latin America held in Havana in January, 1966.

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Two Selections by Nelson Mandela

By: Nelson Mandela

Nelson Mandela's statement from the dock at the opening of the defence case in the Rivonia Trial, Pretoria Supreme Court, 20 April 1964.

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"Why do the Yankees hate the Cuban Revolution?" : The Second Decla...

By: Fidel Castro

From Schoultz, Lars. That Infernal Little Cuban Republic : The United States and the Cuban Revolution, University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

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Selections from Even the Women Must Fight : Memories of War from N...

By: Karen Gottschang Turner; Phan Thanh Hao

Even the Women Must Fight: Memories of War from North Vietnam is an excellent book detailing the contributions of Vietnamese women fighting for the independencce of their nation. Below is a few selections from the book.

I was born in Thai Binh province. My family were farmers. In 1948 my father was killed in the French War. My mother was with child when he died and she raised us four children alone. In 1968 I volunteered to be a people's soldier, bo doi, and I spent five years in the field during the most terrible time of the war. Why? Four people in my family died when the Americans bombed the Hanoi suburbs. I was angry and I believed that what men could do, I could do too. Life was ha...

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