World Library  


Examining the Universe
A Science Exhibit

Examining the Universe
  • The Science of Biology (by )
  • Can the Old Faith Live with the New Or, ... (by )
  • Origin Of The Solar System (by )
  • Physical Studies of Minor Planets (by )
  • The Saturday Lectures, Delivered in the ... (by )
  • Concerning Animals and Other Matters (by )
  • Biology for Beginners (by )
  • The variation of animals and plants unde... (by )
  • On Growth and Form (by )
  • The Breath of Life or Mal-Respiration: A... (by )
  • More Letters of Charles Darwin Volume Ii (by )
  • Bramble-Bees and Others (by )
  • The Biology of the Protozoa (by )
  • Solar system studies with the IUE: 1982 ... (by )
  • The Descent of Man and Selection in Rela... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Examining the Universe: A Science Exhibit

This exhibit celebrates man's perennial search for an understanding of his relationship to nature. "Examining the Universe: A Science Exhibit," features the most important scientific titles by the greatest minds in math, physics, philosophy, chemistry medicine and biology. The hundreds of volumes in these collections illustrate the systematic study of the mysterious thread that runs through the life. 
Observation and Natural Laws
Observation and Natural Laws
The storm gathers and a thunderbolt shakes the earth and eardrums, floods sweep and gigantic meteorites fall to earth and wipe out whole populations of people and animals. The sun goes completely black, turning daytime into night. Science and religion were borne out of the man’s compelling need to explain phenomena such as, thunderstorms, earthquakes, animal migrations and solar eclipses – unpredictable events and behaviors that defied explanation. As a result, man created stories and myths. As humankind’s experiences grew, religion and science developed.  Science does not provide statements of absolute eternal truth – it only "provides theories” ("Fundamental Science," World Heritage Encyclopedia).  

Our Exhibit, “Examining the Universe,” shares how scientific observations, thoughts and theories have evolved from myth to legend, and ultimately through theories backed by study and experiments and have influenced man’s understanding of the world and the universe (The Golden BoughSir James George Frazer). Naturalist Charles Darwin braved the harrowing voyage through the Tropic of Capricorn and around the Americas’ southern most point, Tierra del Fuego's Cape Horn, in order to study animal and plant life in the Galápagos Islands. The outcome of Darwin’s expeditions on The Beagle toward understanding the origins of man are his many journals are still referenced in scientific theories today. However, some early scientists were reluctant to publish their hypothesis and theories due to peer criticism: Sir Isaac Newton was one such writer (
Newton's Principia, Isaac Newton).  Luckily, he eventually did share his work, and the School eBook Library has digitally remastered and preserved many of his writings. Scientific examination and techniques are also applied to the study of animals and human behavior. Again, referencing Darwin’s Theory of Natural Selection, the inter-connectedness of life on land, in the oceans and in outer space, continues to guide mankind toward greater understanding of the purposes and functions of life and existence  (On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin). 

Charles Darwin spent his childhood years collecting and studying nature.  In his book, The Autobiography of Charles Darwin, (excerpted as a volume from The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin,) he tells the story of the evolution as a naturalist – a discipline that he helped define for the current era (The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin,  Francis Darwin).  Of Darwin’s comprehensive collection of writings, in More Letters of Charles Darwin, Charles Darwin documents his observations of the natural environment in the correspondences he sent to Joseph Hooker, a fellow botanist, explorer and close friend. As Darwin’s theories grew in fame (through prolific publication), he said that critics often said that he was a “good observer, but he has no power of reasoning!" ("More Letters of Charles Darwin, Volume," Charles Darwin).  He countered the naysayers by saying that his book, On the Origin of Species, is actually one long argument about the nature of species evolution, for “species does not actually exist; [it is a human construct through language]." His practice of collecting natural forms from the environment and preserving them for meticulous study has informed the practice of “objectivity” in the scientific method (On the Origin of Species, Charles Darwin).  

However, there are many ways in which people group evidence from the natural environment to make conclusions on the processes of man and nature.  For example, in Disappearing Trees, Disappearing Culture, Robert Weissman observed that the Penan People that they have studied and co-existed with life in forest environments through nomadic hunting, gathering and light agriculture. Their environmental research methods avoided collecting species groups of flora and faunal life in ways that would disrupt these systems' natural ecological contexts; supporting maximum abundance of the forests which would in turn provide plants and animals that support their health and well being. Unfortunately, forest logging has disrupted forest ecosystems, thereby affecting the Penans' livelihoods and knowledge systems (Disappearing Trees, Disappearing Culture, Robert Weissman).

Scientific Thought Revolutions
Scientific Thought Revolutions
Principia by Sir Isaac Newton influenced the modern world’s understanding of physics through geometrically measuring the movement of spheres, such as the atom and planets.  According to the University of Berkeley, the Principia Mathimatica “[…] revolutionized the methods of scientific investigation [for it] set forth the fundamental Three Laws of Motion and the Law of Universal Gravitation […]”  For example, the Newtonian Principle of Universal Gravitation, explains his theory that “every particle of matter is attracted to every other particle of matter with a force inversely proportional to the squares of their distances….”  This work helped develop the the sciences of physics and astronomy, and which was assisted Albert Einstein in his Theory of Relativity.

Newton’s discoveries increased acquiescence of the Nicolaus Copernican Principle system by modern scientists like Sir Hermann Bondi. In her book titled, The Gradual Acceptance of the Copernican Theory of the Universe by Dorothy Stimson, she describes how Copernicus’s argument that the earth’s revolution around the sun deftly challenged the (directly) opposing Heliocentric model. Therefore, Newton’s writings further shifted how scientists and lay-people viewed the universe and its organization - adding to new trajectories in scientific research.

Albert Einstein contributed to new scientific theories when he wrote Relativity: The Special and General Theory. In this book,  Einstein found that Newton's own mechanics could no longer reconcile laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field because of the problems between statistical mechanics and quantum theory. Einstein’s theory of relativity extended into the study of gravitational fields through the theories and motions of molecules.
The Science of Interconnected Life, A Modern Viewpoint
The Science of Interconnected Life, A Modern Viewpoint
Award-winning oceanography expert Sylvia Earle applies the scientific theories established by Darwin, Newton and Einstein, to advocate for the conservation of the marine environment. In her TED Talk presentation, “My Wish: Protect Our Oceans,” Earle discusses how over-fishing, ocean chemistry transformation and pollution are creating imbalances in the ocean’s health and affects human and animal (organism) health. For example, increasing human production of carbon dioxide is acidifying the sea and is killing corals and sea organisms like Plankton who, it turn, feed larger sea creatures such as whales. Further examples of human impact on the physical cycles of the planet are: how plastics and “ghost nets” left by fishing trawlers strangle dolphins, sharks and masses of fish.

Sylvia Earle states that reapplication of satellite technologies, such as Google Earth does, can map out the topography of the ocean floor so that scientists may use submarines, to explore the (still yet) uncharted areas of our ocean floors. Perhaps through gathering visual images of the conditions of the ocean environment, will governments begin to care enough to take action.

Community-based Fisheries Management in Phang-Nga Bay, Thailand is another application of the Darwinian approach to Observation, but used for the purpose of addressing human and environmental relations. The Department of Fisheries of Thailand collaborated with fishers, village leaders, trawler companies, NGOs and universities, toward a partnership in management, so the organizations could set about to replenishing coastal fishery resources in Phang-Nga Bay. This type of science includes economic and social studies to implement coastal management plans that aim to restore balance between the environment and human needs.

Works Cited
"Albert Einstein."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

"Cape Horn.
"  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.  

"Copernican Principle."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

Darwin, Charles. (n.d.)  More Letters of Charles Darwin Eds. Francis Darwin and A.C. Seward.  Volume. 1.  (n.p.) 

Darwin, Charles.  
(n.d.)  On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection.  Down, Bromley, Kent:  1859.  Reproduced by the Project Gutenberg Consortia Center 

Darwin, Francis.  
The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin.  Ed. Francis Darwin.  Cambridge, October 1887.

Earle, Sylvia.  "My Wish: Protect Our Oceans."  TEDTalks Conference, 2009.  Video.

Einstein, Albert.  Relativity: The Special and General Theory.  New York:  H. Holt & Company, 1921.

Frazer, James George, Sir.  The Golden Bough.  London:  MacMillan and Company, 1890.

"Fundamental Science."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

"Galápagos Islands."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

"Hermann Bondi."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

Newton, Isaac.  Newton's Principia.  Trans. Percival Frost.  Volumes 1, 2 and 3.  Cambridge.  Macmillan and Company, 1854.

"Newton's Law of Universal Gravitation."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

"Sir James George Frazer."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

Stimson, Dorothy.  The Gradual Acceptance of the Copernican Theory of the Universe.  New York:  The Baker & Taylor Company, 1917.

"The Voyage of the Beagle."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2015.

Weissman, Robert.  Disappearing Trees, Disappearing Culture.  Multinational Monitor. Vol XV, No. 4.  April 1994



Science Collections
“Examining the Universe: A Science Exhibit” illustrates how scientific observation has been used to create general Laws to explain phenomena. As more evidence and new information is gathered, hypotheses of the past are replaced by new theories. As science is used to study our natural environment, we begin to see patterns on how we are transforming it as well. It is important to recognize the limits of what we know, to open our minds to new ideas, so we may welcome alternate pathways for thought and action. 


[[cc105:cc108:cc52:cc61:cc88:cc36:137:132:62:63:3112:3173:3363:3369]]

Click To View

Top books on Astronomy


  • The Lost Solar System of the Ancients Di... (by )
  • The Phenomena and Order of the Solar Sys... (by )
  • The Asteroids, Or Minor Planets between ... (by )
  • Solar system studies with the IUE: 1982 ... (by )
  • Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomica... (by )
  • Gravitation : An Elementary Explanation ... (by )
  • The ways of the planets (by )
  • Physical Studies of Minor Planets (by )
  • Supplementary Catalogue of the Library o... (by )
  • Origin Of The Solar System (by )
  • The Lost Solar System of the Ancients Di... (by )
  • An Elementary Astronomy for Academies an... (by )
  • An Essay on the Origin and Development o... (by )
  • The Story of the Solar System (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Physics


  • Project Physics Handbook (by )
  • Optics and Laser Spectroscopy, Bell Tele... (by )
  • Elementary Vector Analysis, With Applica... (by )
  • Concepts of Motion, Project Physics Text... (by )
  • A Dictionary of Applied Physics : Vol. I (by )
  • Nikola Tesla (by )
  • Vibration Problems in Engineering (by )
  • The principle of relativity; original pa... (by )
  • Beta- and Gamma-Ray Spectroscopy (by )
  • Physics Tells Why (by )
  • Introduction to Quantum Mechanics : With... (by )
  • A Complete Physics Written for London Me... (by )
  • Heat Conduction : With Engineering and G... (by )
  • Electrical Breakdown of Gases (by )
  • Elementary Analytical Dynamics of a Part... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Mathematics


  • Introduction to Euclidean geometry : Ide... Volume Geometry series (by )
  • L'Arithmetiqve De Simon Stevin De Brvges (by )
  • An Investigation of the Laws of Thought ... (by )
  • Elements of Algebra (by )
  • First-Year Mathematics for Secondary Sch... (by )
  • The Construction of the Wonderful Canon ... (by )
  • Alphabet of economic science (by )
  • The Doctrine of Chances : Or, A Method o... (by )
  • Logic, Deductive and Inductive (by )
  • Problems in Differential Calculus. Suppl... (by )
  • Lectures on Ten British Mathematicians o... (by )
  • An Introduction to Mathematics (by )
  • The Alphabet of Economic Science (by )
  • A Course of Pure Mathematics (by )
  • Cocker's Decimal Arithmetick : Wherein I... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Psychology


  • Psychopathology of Everyday Life (by )
  • Supreme Personality (by )
  • Problems of Mysticism and Its Symbolism (by )
  • The Psychology of Beauty (by )
  • Psychology from the Standpoint of a Beha... (by )
  • Habit (by )
  • The Misuse of Mind (by )
  • Pavlov and His School the Theory of Cond... (by )
  • Self Mastery through Conscious Autosugge... (by )
  • The Science of Human Nature; A Psycholog... (by )
  • Essays in Radical Empiricism (by )
  • Three Contributions to the Sexual Theory (by )
  • Fantasia of the Unconscious (by )
  • The Expression of Emotion in Man and Ani... (by )
  • Applied Psychology for Nurses (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Economics


  • The Decline of American Capitalism (by )
  • Anarchism and Other Essays (by )
  • Democracy in America, Vol. 1 (by )
  • The Accumulation of Capital (by )
  • Theory of Moral Sentiments, The (First E... (by )
  • The Abolition of Poverty (by )
  • The Causes of Poverty (by )
  • A synopsis of the first three books of J... (by )
  • The Way to Wealth; Or, Poor Richard Impr... (by )
  • Walden Or, Life in the Woods (by )
  • The Cry for Justice; An Anthology of the... (by )
  • Progress and Poverty; an Inquiry Into th... (by )
  • Mutual Aid (by )
  • A Contribution to the Critique of Politi... (by )
  • The Servile State (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Anthropology


  • Criminal Sociology (by )
  • Essays and Studies Presented to William ... (by )
  • Cesare Lombroso, A Modern Man of Science (by )
  • Modern Theories of Criminality (by )
  • American Anthropologist : Vol. 06 Part 0... Volume Vol. 06 Part 01-02 (by )
  • Story of Man: from the First Human to Pr... (by )
  • The Study of Man: An Introduction (by )
  • On the Functions of the Brain and of Eac... (by )
  • American Anthropologist (by )
  • The Dolmens of Ireland, Their Distributi... Volume 3 (by )
  • Social Anthropology (by )
  • On the Functions of the Brain and of Eac... (by )
  • The Journal of Negro History ; Volume 1 (by )
  • Anthropology : An Introduction to the St... (by )
  • Ancient Art and Ritual (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Military Science


  • Un pékin sur le front (by )
  • High-Throughput Assay System for the Dis... (by )
  • The Principles of Strategy : Illustrated... (by )
  • The Wrack of the Storm (by )
  • Nash Praises Troops, Passes Torch to Mei... (by )
  • Untitled : Photograph 8B29192V, 1935 (by )
  • Untitled : Photograph 8E04563V, 1935 (by )
  • Extracts from Minutes of Proceedings and... (by )
  • Light Artillery Drill, Hand Battery, Wes... (by )
  • The Wound Dresser; A Series of Letters W... (by )
  • Charleston, South Carolina. Club House a... (by )
  • Dutch Gap Canal, Photograph Number 33498... (by )
  • President Wilson's State Papers and Addr... (by )
  • Untitled : Photograph 8C28902V, 1935 (by )
  • Abraham Lincoln : Military Order of the ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Physics


  • Prelude to Themis Tail Conjunction Study... (by )
  • Eastern Mediterranean Biogeochemical Flu... (by )
  • First in Situ Measurement of Electric Fi... (by )
  • The Philosophical magazine; a journal of... 
  • Modelling Atmospheric Dry Deposition in ... (by )
  • Report on the Quantum Theory of Spectra (by )
  • Microbiology and Atmospheric Processes: ... (by )
  • Thermodynamics, Maximum Power, and the D... (by )
  • School physics, a new text-book for high... (by )
  • Carnegie Institution of Washington Publi... Volume No. 121 (by )
  • Stochastic Fields Method for Sub-grid Sc... (by )
  • Thermochemistry (by )
  • Zeitschrift für Mathematik und Physik (by )
  • Iodp Expedition 301 Installs Three Boreh... (by )
  • Case Studies of Particle Formation Event... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

NASA Publication Collection


  • Identification of specific requirements ... (by )
  • Performance and noise of a low pressure ... (by )
  • Analysis and interpretation of X-ray pul... (by )
  • Simulation of nap-of-the-Earth flight in... (by )
  • Wind tunnel force and pressure tests of ... (by )
  • Mississippi Sound remote sensing study: ... (by )
  • Precision power measurements of spacecra... (by )
  • Science ground data system and science o... (by )
  • Acoustical properties of highly porous f... (by )
  • Modeling of crack bridging in a unidirec... (by )
  • On the theory of Coulomb interaction (by )
  • RELATION BETWEEN MOISTURE CONTENT OF SAN... (by )
  • Object-oriented knowledge representation... (by )
  • Complete the development and constructio... (by )
  • User requirements for the commercializat... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

National Oceanographic Data Center


  • Assessment of risks associated with the ... 
  • National Overview 
  • Ecological Forecasting (by )
  • Preliminary Report of the U.S. Commissio... (by )
  • The Case for Ocean Wilderness (by )
  • Chapter 5 Vertical Control (Vert) Data 
  • World Ocean Database 2001 Volume 3 : Tem... (by )
  • Global Trends in Fisheries and Aquacultu... (by )
  • Noaas National Geodetic Survey 
  • Barge Morris J. Berman Spill Noaa's Scie... (by )
  • Responding to Oil Spills in Coastal Mars... (by )
  • Part X Appendices 
  • Drifting Buoys Provide Valuable Data as ... 
  • World Ocean Database 2001 Volume 6 : Tem... (by )
  • Offshore Marine Aquaculture in the U.S. ... (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Aerospace Power/Air & Space Power Journal Collection


  • Air and Space Power Journal : Fall 2007 Volume 21, Issue 3 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Winter 200... Volume 20, Issue 4 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Spring 200... Volume 20, Issue 1 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Summer 201... Volume 24, Issue 2 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Summer 200... Volume 22, Issue 2 (by )
  • Aerospace Power Journal : Fall 2001 Volume 15, Issue 3 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Spring 201... Volume 24, Issue 1 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Spring 200... Volume 18, Issue 1 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Summer 200... Volume 18, Issue 2 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Fall 2002 Volume 16, Issue 3 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Spring 200... Volume 21, Issue 1 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Winter 201... Volume 24, Issue 4 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Spring 200... Volume 19, Issue 1 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Fall 2010 Volume 24, Issue 3 (by )
  • Air and Space Power Journal : Spring 200... Volume 17, Issue 1 (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Los Alamos Science, Los Alamos National Laboratory Journal Collection


  • Los Alamos Science No. 3, Summer/Fall 19... Volume 3, Article 0b (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 26, 2000 Volume 26, Article 27 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 28, 2003 Volume 28, Article 31 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 24, 1996 Volume 24, Article 7 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 18, 1989 Volume 18, TOC (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 23, 1995 Volume 23, Article 16 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 27, 2002 Volume 27, Article 21 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 2, Winter/Spring ... Volume 2, TOC (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 26, 2000 Volume 26, Article 6 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 30, 2006 Volume 30, Article 10 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 5, Summer 1982 Volume 5, Article 1 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 26, 2000 Volume 26, Article 14 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 29, 2005 Volume 29, Article 3 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 30, 2006 Volume 30, Article 3 (by )
  • Los Alamos Science No. 20, 1992 Volume 20, Article 11 (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

PLoS ONE Collection


  • Biogeography of Deep-Water Chemosyntheti... (by )
  • The HMAP Collection : (by )
  • RECOMB Regulatory Genomics and Systems B... (by )
  • The TOPP Collection : (by )
  • The FMAP Collection : (by )
  • Proceedings of the Third International B... (by )
  • Open Access Collection : (by )
  • Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision for ... (by )
  • The DREAM3 Systems Biology Challenges a ... (by )
  • Diversity in the Nearshore The NaGISA Co... (by )
  • The Paleontology Collection : (by )
  • Marine Biodiversity and Biogeography - R... (by )
  • Structural Biology and Human Health Medi... (by )
  • Biodiversity of Saba Bank : (by )
  • Prokaryotic Genome Collection : (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.