World Library  


Organizing Relationships
A Sociology Exhibit

Organizing Relationships
  • Young Folks, History of England (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • Theories of Social Progress, A Critical ... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • What the Mother of a Deaf Child Ought to... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Sociology of Gender in a Kindergarte... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Towards the Great Peace (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Democratic Ideals and Reality : A Study ... (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • A Theology for the Social Gospel (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Challenge of the Country: A Study of... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Elementary Forms of the Religious Li... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Criminal Sociology (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • The Theory of the Leisure Class (by )
    Book Rating (75)
  • Some Ksatriya Tribes of Ancient India (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Wanted, A Young Woman to Do Housework, B... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of... (by )
    Book Rating (69)
  • Business Statistics (by )
    Book Rating (45)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Organizing Relationships:  A Sociology Exhibit

Many disciplines beyond Sociology, such as Mathematics and Psychology and Economics, are utilized in the Social Sciences.  In our Collections under these and other topics, contain hundreds of titles by writers and theorists who have dedicated to their lives to the study of human society.  Featured books in the following collections include Herbert Spencer, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Talcott Parsons and David Emile Durkheim.
Sociology of Past Power Structures
Sociology of Past Power Structures
Throughout history, all sub-disciplines of Sociology, as well and religious and government groups have been studied and experimented with different methods of social organization of population.  Sometimes, these attempts at social definitions and control have been tempered, but at other times, rigid – some men have use groups for their own gain.  Ultimately, however, if social organization is to be implemented, it has to be understood.  

From the beginning of time, both men and animals have used verbal and non-verbal cues and strategies to enforce hierarchy.  With chimpanzees, it is the Alpha Male.  With men:  Domesday Books, mathematics and accounting, psychology and linguistics.   The word “organization” is derived from the Greek word
organon, which means "organ."  Therefore, studies of how groups of people (with a common goal) structure themselves, is the study of mankind and its relationships as a collective.   

The Domesday Book, created under the reign of William the Conqueror, has been studied to understand the role of documentation in asserting authority and also to facilitate taxation.  According to Young Folks’ History of England, William the Conqueror was a Norman who conquered England.   In 1086, he ordered the documentation of land, livestock and taxes under the administration of the previous rulers, to find out what would be transferred over to Norman rule.  Whatever was recorded in the Domesday book could not be appealed. The data that William the Conqueror collected into the Domesday book revealed his tendency for control.  In the book titled, William the Conqueror, it is said that “William would not set...over any part of his dominions before his time, and it was his policy to keep his children dependent on him.  While he enriched his brothers, he did not give the smallest scrap of the spoils of England to his sons” (William the Conqueror, World Heritage Encyclopedia).  Robert, his son, was angry about this and fought his father in a battle, but later asked for his pardon.   Today, the Domesday Books is considered an artifact of sociological research. Domesday Studies, Being the Papers Read at the Meetings of the Domesday Commemoration 1886 examines how this document changed the course of history in the United Kingdom (
Domesday Studies, Being the Papers Read at the Meetings of the Domesday Commemoration 1886, Edward P. Dove).   

Debates in Defining Sociology
Debates in Defining Sociology
Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet was a 19th-Century Belgian mathematician, statistician and sociologist who introduced statistical methods into the social sciences.  He assigned variables to the complexity of social phenomena, in order to measure the statistical laws underlying crime, marriage or suicide rates.  Other scientists thought his ideas were controversial because it contradicted freedom of choice (“Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet,” World Heritage Encyclopedia).  

The author of Adolphe Quetelet, A Statistician discusses Auguste Comte as another researcher of social physics and sociology, but that Quetelet invented the method of investigation for “social physics” (Adolphe Quetelet as Statistician, Frank Hamilton Hawkins).  So Comte reinvented the term sociologie (sociology) to differentiate it from Quetelet’s collection of statistics (“Adolphe Quetelet,” World Heritage Encyclopedia).  Comte believed that there was an order of nature, not of man, which could be scientifically understood by unifying history, psychology and economics.  Social ills could be remedied through sociological positivism, or using a broader philosophy that methodologically orders scientific observations (Outlines of Sociology, Lester Frank Ward).  In this book, Ward writes Comte’s use of the term “hierarchy” did not imply subordination.  “There is genetic affiliation without subordination.  The more complex and less exact sciences may be regarded as the children of the more simple and exact ones, but between parent and offspring there is no difference or rank.”  Additionally, he wrote that Comte “laid the foundations for understanding the more complex sciences by acquainting himself with the simpler ones upon which the other sciences successively rest” (Outlines of Sociology, Lester Frank Ward).  Other social scientists like Karl Marx also mixed scientific methods to measure social impacts of industrialization occurring in Europe, documented in his work Wage Labour and Capital ("Wage Labour and Capital," Karl Marx).  

Studying Social Life
Studying Social Life
David Émile Durkheim was a 19th century French sociologist who believed that sociology should study phenomena attributed to society at large, rather than being limited to the specific actions of individuals. Barbara Anne Mendheim however, applied sociology differently in The Sociology of Gender in a Kindergarten-First Grade Classroom.  She writes that people gain knowledge of the social world by identifying typicality and finding language to order their social experience. For example, girls understand that being a girl means being personally relevant and intimate with other people. Boys understand being a boy through being powerful and competent in the world (The Sociology of Gender in a Kindergarten-First Grade Classroom, Barbara Anne Mendheim).  However, in Woman: Her Charm and Power, Robert Downes uses sociological methods to explore how women in Egyptian and Iranian society were given opportunity for education and in leadership. But in Roman culture, women’s roles were to birth children.  Women’s positions in society are influenced by the dominant culture’s definition of their functions and role in society (Woman: Her Charm and Power, Robert Downes).  

Sociology has also been used to study group relations.  Max Weber’s The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism discusses how entrepreneurs used religion to spread the system of capitalism.  By tapping into religious belief systems, he proffered, people could work toward their profit making motive.

Works Cited
"August Compte."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014. 

David Émile Durkheim.”  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014. 

"Domesday Book."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014. 

Dove, P. Edward.  "Domesday Studies, Being the Papers Read at the Meetings of the Domesday Commemoration 1886."  London:  Longmans, Green and Company, 1886.  

Downes, Robert.  Woman: Her Charm and Power.  London:  The Epworth Press, 1900.

Hawkins, Frank Hamilton.  Adolphe Quetelet as Statistician.  New York:  Columbia University Press, 1877.

Lambert Adolphe Jacques Quetelet.”  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014. 

Marx, Karl.  "Wage Labour and Capital."   Neue Rheinische Zeitung, April 1849.  Reproduced:  World Public Library, 2002.  Web.

Mendheim, Barbara Anne.  The Sociology of Gender in a Kindergarten-First Grade Classroom.  Diss. University of Florida, 1979.

Norman People.”  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

"Sociology."  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014.

Ward, Lester Frank.  Outlines of Sociology.  New York:  The MacMillan Company, 1921.

Weber, Max.  The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism.  New York: Scribner, 1930

William the Conqueror.”  World Heritage Encyclopedia.  WorldLibrary.org.  Web.  2014. 

Yonge, Charlotte Mary.  Young Folks’ History of England.  Boston:  Estes and Lauriet, 1879.


Sociology Collections
"Organizing Relationships: A Sociology Exhibit" demonstrates how sociological methods have been used to study the configuration of power, through documentation, analysis of order, and social effects.  Sociology brings together different methods of thinking, to understand the complexity of society more accurately, and why we should always be vigilant of power.  

Learn more about how the discipline of sociology is used, in these collections:


Click To View

Top 100 books on Sociology


  • Young Folks, History of England (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • Theories of Social Progress, A Critical ... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • What the Mother of a Deaf Child Ought to... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Sociology of Gender in a Kindergarte... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Towards the Great Peace (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Democratic Ideals and Reality : A Study ... (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • A Theology for the Social Gospel (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Challenge of the Country: A Study of... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Elementary Forms of the Religious Li... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Criminal Sociology (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • The Theory of the Leisure Class (by )
    Book Rating (75)
  • Some Ksatriya Tribes of Ancient India (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Wanted, A Young Woman to Do Housework, B... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of... (by )
    Book Rating (69)
  • Business Statistics (by )
    Book Rating (45)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Psychology


  • An Essay Towards a New Theory of Vision (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • Criminal Psychology (by )
    Book Rating (326)
  • Psychologie de L'Éducation (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Totem and Taboo (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Photoplay; A Psychological Study (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • The Sociology and Psychology of Terroris... (by )
    Book Rating (16)
  • The Expression of Emotion in Man and Ani... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • History of Psychology; A Sketch and an I... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Cumulative Record (by )
    Book Rating (118)
  • The Principles of Psychology (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • An Introduction to the Theory of Mental ... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Applied Psychology : A Series of Twelve ... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Outwitting Our Nerves; A Primer of Psych... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Three Contributions to the Sexual Theory (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Mind and Motion and Monism (by )
    Book Rating (3)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Economics


  • The State and Revolution (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • The Theory of the Leisure Class (by )
    Book Rating (118)
  • On Liberty (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • King Coal (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • Progress and Poverty; an Inquiry Into th... (by )
  • The Rights of Property; A Refutation of ... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Prince, The (Version 2) (by )
    Book Rating (45)
  • King Coal (by )
  • A Treatise on Political Economy : Or the... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Essay on the Principle of Population, An (by )
  • Woman under Capitalism (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • The Causes of Poverty (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • The Jungle (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • 1984 (by )
    Book Rating (183)
  • The Soul of Man under Socialism (by )
    Book Rating (3)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Philosophy


  • History of the Problems of Philosophy (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Philosophy of education, a survey of fun... (by )
  • The philosophy of religion (by )
  • The Dionysian Artificers, Score Dart (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Seven Strange Stories: A Little Life, a ... (by )
  • Platon : Volume 2 (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Proceedings - Cambridge Philosophical So... (by )
  • Stray feathers. Journal of ornithology f... (by )
  • The Celebrity, Volume 4 (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • The Philosophical Magazine; A Journal of... 
    Book Rating (3)
  • Triumph of the Egg and Other Stories (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • Proceedings of the Royal Philosophical S... (by )
  • 98-3 Planning Report Economic Assessment... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Monist; Volume: 26 (by )
  • Midland Naturalist : Volume 3 1880 
    Book Rating (3)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Government


  • The Philosophical Works of John Locke : ... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • An Introduction to the Principles of Mor... (by )
    Book Rating (1)
  • Utopia (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Excerpts from Frame of Government of Pen... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • The Constitutional History of the United... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Of the Law of Nature and Nations : Eight... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • The Constitutional Documents of the Puri... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • On Liberty (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • The Elements of Law Natural and Politic (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Prince, The (Version 2) (by )
    Book Rating (45)
  • On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (by )
    Book Rating (118)
  • The English Works of Thomas Hobbes of Ma... (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • The Histories of Polybius. Translated fr... (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • Communist Manifesto (by )
    Book Rating (32)
  • Essay on the Principle of Population, An (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Law


  • The English Constitution (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • Terrorism, The Future, And U.S. Foreign ... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Amendments to the United States Constitu... (by )
  • The spirit of the laws; Volume: 11 (by )
  • Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act of... (by )
    Book Rating (118)
  • The United States Patent Law. Instructio... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Politics (by )
  • The United States' Constitution (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • Bank Secrecy Act : Implementation of the... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • The Social Contract, Or Principles of Po... (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • Draft Mandates for Mesopotamia and Pales... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Crime and Punishment (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Documents on the League of Nations (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • The Simma Theologica Volume I (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • The Federalist Papers (by )
    Book Rating (45)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Politics


  • The Federalist Papers (by )
    Book Rating (45)
  • Philosophy of Right (by )
    Book Rating (9)
  • Public opinion (by )
  • A Modest Proposal (by )
    Book Rating (18)
  • Leviathan (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • Excerpts from Frame of Government of Pen... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Communist Manifesto (by )
    Book Rating (32)
  • Discourse Upon the Origin and the Founda... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Gulliver's Travels (by )
    Book Rating (557)
  • The Trial (by )
    Book Rating (106)
  • Areopagitica (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Apology, Score Plato Apology (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Walden (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Subjection of Women (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • History of the Peloponnesian War (by )
    Book Rating (2)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Anthropology


  • A Bibliography of the Anthropology of Pe... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • American Anthropologist (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Anthropology : Race, Language, Culture, ... (by )
    Book Rating (60)
  • American Anthropologist : Vol. 21 Volume Vol. 21 (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The American Indian: An Introduction to ... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Systems of Consanguinity and Affinity of... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Games of the North American Indians (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • An Introduction to Cultural Anthropology (by )
    Book Rating (33)
  • The Genetic Relationship of the North Am... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Anthropology in North America (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Prehistoric World : Or, Vanished Rac... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Living World : Containing Descriptio... Volume v 1 (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • Social Anthropology (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • The Scope of Social Anthropology; A Lect... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • International Catalogue of Scientific Li... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Mathematics


  • Histoire des Nombres et de la Numération... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Chance and Luck : A Discussion of the La... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Aryabhatiya; With the Commentary Bha... (by )
    Book Rating (53)
  • Vorlesungen über Zahlentheorie (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Traité des Substitutions et des Équation... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Timaeus (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Collected Mathematical Papers of Art... (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • A Course of Pure Mathematics (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • A Treatise on the Calculus of Finite Dif... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • A Synopsis of Elementary Results in Pure... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • A Course of Pure Mathematics (by )
    Book Rating (30)
  • The Construction of the Wonderful Canon ... (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • Flatland (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • The Elements of Non Euclidean Geometry (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • An Investigation of the Laws of Thought ... (by )
    Book Rating (30)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Sociology


  • Some Reminiscences of a Long Life; With ... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • A Political History of Modern Europe fro... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Schmollers Jahrbuch für Gesetzgebung, Ve... 
    Book Rating (3)
  • Monitoring Country Progress in Central a... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • World Health Organization : Year 1997 ; ... (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • Childhood Agricultural Injury Prevention (by )
    Book Rating (118)
  • Tomorrow's Buses for Today's Children (by )
    Book Rating (118)
  • A Father to His Son : A Letter to an Und... (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • The Organizational Validity of Managemen... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • GOV.USCOURTS.NYED.308334 : Garcia v. Com... 
  • Usaid Tikang Han Mga Amerikano (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • The Man Who Could Not Lose (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • An Enquiry into the Force and Operation ... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • World Health Organization : Year 1990, W... (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • New One-Family Houses Sold (by )
    Book Rating (132)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Statistics


  • Construction Statistics Data Users Confe... (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • Letters, Poems and Selected Prose Writin... Volume Vol. 1 
    Book Rating (3)
  • A Manual of English Literature, Historic... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Stat... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • The Literary Remains of the Late Henry N... 
    Book Rating (3)
  • Guam : 2000 (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Building Material and Supplies Dealers :... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • County Business Patterns 1993 Alabama (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • Arrearage Tables of Amounts Due and Unpa... Volume: September 1982 (by )
  • Mexico, Street Scenes, Cargadores, Photo... (by )
  • United States Census Office, the populat... Volume ILLINOIS – TI043 - E-460 Joseph-E-524 Jacob** (by )
  • Massachusetts 1997 Economic Census Educa... (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • Evaluating the Accuracy of Small Area Po... (by )
    Book Rating (175)
  • Stratospheric Ozone Depletion from Futur... (by )
  • Water-Borne Trade By United States Port Volume: 1951:Dec. (by )
Scroll Left
Scroll Right

Click To View

Top 100 books on Economics


  • The State and Revolution (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • The Theory of the Leisure Class (by )
    Book Rating (118)
  • On Liberty (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • King Coal (by )
    Book Rating (155)
  • Progress and Poverty; an Inquiry Into th... (by )
  • The Rights of Property; A Refutation of ... (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • Prince, The (Version 2) (by )
    Book Rating (45)
  • King Coal (by )
  • A Treatise on Political Economy : Or the... (by )
    Book Rating (200)
  • Essay on the Principle of Population, An (by )
  • Woman under Capitalism (by )
    Book Rating (3)
  • The Causes of Poverty (by )
    Book Rating (132)
  • The Jungle (by )
    Book Rating (15)
  • 1984 (by )
    Book Rating (183)
  • The Soul of Man under Socialism (by )
    Book Rating (3)
Scroll Left
Scroll Right



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.