World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes

Article Id: WHEBN0000721291
Reproduction Date:

Title: Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Enrique Peralta Azurdia, Guillermo Flores Avendaño, Vinicio Cerezo, Guatemalan Civil War, History of Guatemala
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Miguel Ydígoras Fuentes

General José Miguel Ramón Ydígoras Fuentes (17 October 1895, Retalhuleu – 27 October 1982, Guatemala City) was President of Guatemala from 2 March 1958 to 31 March 1963. He took power following the murder of Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas.

In the 1950 election, Ydígoras had been the main opponent of Jacobo Árbenz Guzmán and finished runner-up with nearly 19% of the vote. In 1957, following the assassination of Castillo Armas, elections were held in which Ydígoras and his party, the National Democratic Reconciliation Party, finished runner-up in a blatantly rigged election. Another election in 1958 saw Ydígoras win, considered to have represented the more moderate of the anti-Communist "right" factions.

In July 1958 a senior CIA Chief described Ydígoras as, "known to be a moody, almost schizophrenic individual" who "regularly disregards the advice of his Cabinet and other close associates".[1]

In response to Ydígoras' autocratic rule and his close ties to the United States, a group of junior army officers led a rebellion in 1960.[2] Although the rebellion was successfully put down, the surviving officers went into hiding and formed the Revolutionary Movement 13th November, marking the start of a 36-year guerrilla war.

Ydígoras Fuentes was eventually overthrown in 1963 in a coup by his own defense minister Colonel Enrique Peralta Azurdia (with the backing of opposition parties) to end the possibility of a return of former left-of-center civilian president Juan José Arévalo in the upcoming elections.[3]

References

References
  1. ^ King, J. C. (25 July 1958), Subject: S. S. Springfjord, Memorandum for: Office of the General Council, Central Intelligence Agency, p. 1  The two-page memorandum is stamped: "CIA Historical Review Program, Release as Sanitized, 2003"
  2. ^ U.S. Department of State, "Background Note: Guatemala", state.gov.
  3. ^ Corstange, Daniel M. "Guatemala: The Party System from 1963 to 2000". In Janda, Kenneth. Political Parties: A Cross-National Survey. New York: The Free Press. p. not cited.  
Sources
  • Gleijeses, Piero (1991). Shattered hope: the Guatemalan revolution and the United States, 1944–1954. Princeton University Press.  
  • Grandin, Greg (2000). The blood of Guatemala: a history of race and nation. Duke University Press.  
  • Immerman, Richard H. (1982). The CIA in Guatemala: The Foreign Policy of Intervention. University of Texas Press.  
Government offices
Preceded by
Guillermo Flores
President of Guatemala
1958–1963
Succeeded by
Enrique Peralta
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.