World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

1979 Bali earthquake

Article Id: WHEBN0046961713
Reproduction Date:

Title: 1979 Bali earthquake  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Earthquakes in Indonesia, 1968 Sulawesi earthquake, 1989 West Papua earthquake, 1992 Flores earthquake, 2011 Aceh Singkil Regency earthquakes
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

1979 Bali earthquake

1979 Bali earthquake
1979 Bali earthquake is located in Indonesia Bali
Date December 17, 1979 (1979-12-17)
Magnitude 6.3 Ms[1]
Depth 15 km (9 mi)[2]
Epicenter [3]
Areas affected Bali, Indonesia
Max. intensity VIII (Severe)
Landslides Many
Casualties 27 killed
200 injured

The 1979 Bali earthquake occurred at 03:58 local time on 18 December with a moment magnitude of 6.3. The shock occurred southeast of the coast of Karangasem Regency in the Lombok Strait, and about 60 kilometres (37 mi) east-northeast of Denpasar. The temblor damaged up to 80 percent of the buildings in Karangasem Regency, displaced between 15,000 and 500,000 people and briefly severed road links to the provincial capital, Denpasar.[4][5]


  • Tectonic setting 1
  • Earthquake 2
  • Damage 3
  • Relief efforts 4
  • References 5

Tectonic setting

The island of Bali forms part of the Sunda Arc, which formed above the convergent boundary where the Australian Plate is subducting beneath the Sunda Plate. The rate of convergence across the line of the Sunda–Java Trench is 7.5 cm per year. Eastwards from Bali, the Sunda Arc is also being thrust over the Bali and Flores back-arc basins on a series of south-dipping thrusts. Focal mechanisms for earthquakes near Bali are dominantly thrust sense on both the subduction interface and the system of thrust faults to the north.[6]

A previous earthquake of 6.5 Ms north of the Buleleng coast on 14 July 1976 caused 573 deaths on Bali and displaced a similar number of people as the 1979 temblor.


A previous shock of 6.2 Ms on 20 October affected Mataram, the capital of the neighboring island Lombok, and damaged hundreds of buildings on that island as well as many on Bali. Two people were killed, including a 3-year-old boy in Lombok and a pregnant mother at a hospital in Denpasar.[7] The epicenter of the 20 October temblor was approximately 28 km (17 mi) north-northeast of the 17 December temblor.[8]

According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS), the 18 December shock occurred 60 km (37 mi) east-northeast of Denpasar at a depth of 15 km (9.3 mi). Initial reports by local observers suggested the epicenter may have been beneath the Mount Agung stratovolcano, however Indonesian authorities confirmed the location in the Lombok Strait.[9] The shock was felt along the eastern coast of Lombok, although no significant damage was caused there.[5][10]

As the temblor occurred during the early hours of the morning, there was significant panic; residents are reported to have fled to open fields and beaches for the rest of the night.[9]


Eighty percent of the homes and other buildings in Karangasem Regency were reported to have been destroyed or damaged.[10] Approximately eighty thousand homes were destroyed, as well as 40 Hindu temples, 17 markets, 8 schools, several mosques and a public hospital.[4] The villages of Culik, Datah and Tisla were reportedly left uninhabitable due to catastrophic damage resulting from the temblor.[11]

Relief efforts

The Indonesian Army established eleven temporary barracks in the affected region to assist those displaced. The Governor's office delivered at least 25 tonnes of rice to the displaced residents.[4]


  1. ^  
  2. ^ USGS (November 8, 2008). "ShakeMap Atlas (Version 1.0)".  
  3. ^ Utsu, T. "Catalog of Damaging Earthquakes in the World (Through 2009)". International Institute of Seismology and Earthquake Engineering. Retrieved 10 November 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c "Bali quake: 500,000 homeless need shelter".  
  5. ^ a b "Earthquake rocks Bali, kills 19". Boca Raton News. 18 December 1979. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  6. ^ McCaffrey, R.; Nabelek J. (1987). "Earthquakes, gravity, and the origin of the Bali Basin: an example of a nascent continental fold-and-thrust belt" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research ( 
  7. ^ "At least two die in tourist area quake".  
  8. ^ "INDONESIA: SUMBAWA ISLAND". National Centers for Environmental Information. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 12 June 2015. 
  9. ^ a b "Bali Badly Hit By Earthquake". Spokane Daily Chronicle.  
  10. ^ a b "Indonesian Island Of Bali Rocked By Quake, 25 Die". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.  
  11. ^ "Quake death toll 25".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.