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Latin Archbishopric of Thebes

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Title: Latin Archbishopric of Thebes  
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Latin Archbishopric of Thebes

The Latin Archbishopric of Thebes is the see of Thebes in the period in which its incumbents belonged to the Latin or Western Church. This period began in 1204 with the installation in the see of a Catholic archbishop following the Fourth Crusade,[1][2] while the Orthodox metropolitan bishop fled the city.[3]

The Latin archbishop of Thebes was the senior-most of the Catholic clergy in the Duchy of Athens, which despite its name had its capital at Thebes. The archbishopric survived as a Latin residential see until 1456, when the duchy fell to the Ottoman Empire.

The see was later revived as a titular see, and has been vacant since 1965.[4]

Like other Latin sees in the Latin states of Greece, the names and dates of election of the incumbents during the first century of its existence are unknown, as they were rarely communicated to the papal court.[5] Along with many of his counterparts from other Latin sees of Greece, the anonymous archbishop of Thebes participated in the Fourth Council of the Lateran in 1215.[6] In 1217–18 the archbishop was engaged in a dispute with the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, Gervasius, who claimed direct jurisdiction over the monasteries in the duchy of Athens and intervened in the administration of the Thebean archdiocese.[7]

Contents

  • Archbishops in Thebes 1
  • Titular Archbishops 2
  • References 3
  • Sources 4

Archbishops in Thebes

Name Tenure Notes
Nicholas ? – 31 July 1308 Named Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
Isnard Tacconi 12 July 1308 – 4 August 1311 Named Latin Patriarch of Antioch
Stephen 13 August 1311 – ?
Isnard Tacconi 29 May 1326 – ? Second tenure, held in tandem with the Patriarchate of Antioch
Philip[8] 26 August 1342 – 17 June 1351 Named Bishop of Conza
Sirello Pietro di Ancona 20 May 1351 – ?
Paul[9] 15 May 1357 – 17 April 1366 Named Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
Simon Atumano 17 April 1366 ca. 1380 Notable humanist and scholar
Thomas of Negroponte 9 July 1387 – ? Supporter of the Avignon anti-popes
Stephen
Garcia 1 June 1387 – ?
Benedict 18 May 1390 – ?
Bernard 11 May 1405 – ?
Antony
Nicholas of Treviso 4 April 1410 – 11 August 1410 Named Bishop of Nona
James 16 March 1411 – ?
John of Pontremoli 23 February 1418 – ?
Stephen 23 December 1429 – ?

Titular Archbishops

Name Tenure Notes
Giuseppe Acquaviva 5 September 1621 – 1634
Lelio Falconieri 14 December 1634 – 14 December 1648 Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops
Gianantonio Davia 21 June 1690 – 10 March 1698 Nuncio in Germany and Poland
Orazio Filippo Spada 15 September 1698 – 15 December 1704
Nicolò Gaetano Spínola 4 October 1706 – 12 April 1735 Cardinal in the Roman Curia
Felix Solazzo Castriotta 21 June 1745 – 9 March 1755
Vitaliano Borromeo 16 February 1756 – 7 June 1793 Cardinal in the Roman Curia
Serafino Brancone 12 February 1759 – 15 August 1774 Benedictine, bishop emeritus of Gallipoli in Italy
Joaquín de Eleta 18 December 1769 – 27 December 1786 Franciscan
Lorenzo Litta 23 September 1793 – 28 September 1801 Nuncio in Poland and Russia
Giuseppe Morozzo Della Rocca 29 March 1802 – 8 March 1816 Nuncio and Secretary of the Congregation for Bishops
Ugo Pietro Spinola 2 October 1826 – 2 July 1832 Nuncio in Austria
Tommaso Pasquale Gizzi 18 February 1839 – 22 January 1844 Nuncio
Gaetano Bedini 15 March 1852 – 18 March 1861 Nuncio and Secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples
Mieczyslaw Halka Ledóchowski 30 September 1861 – 8 January 1866 Nuncio in Belgium
Luigi Biscioni (Bisconi) Amadori 23. September 1875 – ? Bishop emeritus of Sansepolcro
Pietro Rota 4 November 1884 – 1890 Bishop emeritus of Mantua
Antonio Sabatucci 1 October 1890 – 14 March 1892
Ladislaus Zaleski 5 March 1892 – 4 December 1916 Apostolic delegate of India
Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano 6 December 1916 – 21 November 1921 Secretary of the Roman Curia
Angelo Rotta 19 October 1922 – 1 February 1965 Nuncio

References

  1. ^ Ιστορικό (in Greek). Holy Metropolis of Thebes and Livadeia. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  2. ^  Vailhé, Siméon (1913). "Thebes".  
  3. ^ Setton 1976, p. 27 (note 12).
  4. ^ "Thebae". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Setton 1976, p. 149.
  6. ^ Setton 1976, p. 46 (note 8).
  7. ^ Setton 1976, pp. 46–47.
  8. ^ Setton 1976, p. 188.
  9. ^ Setton 1976, p. 308 (note 176).

Sources

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