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Title: Calandreta  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Occitan language, Midi-Pyrénées, Ikastola
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


A Calandreta (Occitan pronunciation: [kalanˈdɾɛtɔ]) is a bilingual school in Occitania in the South of France where the Occitan language is taught alongside the French language. These schools are based on the same principle as the Gaelscoileanna movement in Ireland, the Ikastolak movement in the Basque Country, the Ysgolion Meithrin movement in Wales, the Diwan schools of Brittany, and the La Bressola schools of Northern Catalonia.[1]

Bilingualism from an early age is recommended by many linguists, as it helps children become more adept at learning additional languages. Some studies have shown that bilingual children have advantages over monoglot children in other subjects.[2]

The first Calandreta appeared in 1979 in Pau, Pyrénées-Atlantiques. Fifty-five primary schools exist as of 2013, as well as two high schools comprising about 3278 students in all. The Calandretas are privately run, secular and free of charge. They follow a program approved by the Ministry of National Education.[3]


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