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Mehdi Akhavan-Sales

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Title: Mehdi Akhavan-Sales  
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Subject: Sohrab Sepehri, Mashhad, List of Persian poets and authors, Persian literature, Fatemeh Shams
Collection: 1928 Births, 1929 Births, 1990 Deaths, 20Th-Century Poets, Iranian Poets, Iranian Short Story Writers, People from Mashhad
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Mehdi Akhavan-Sales

Mehdi Akhavān Sāles
Born Mehdi Akhavān Sāles
1 March 1929
Mashhad, Iran
Died August 26, 1990(1990-08-26) (aged 61)
Tehran, Iran
Nationality Iranian
Occupation Poet

Mehdi Akhavān-Sāles , or Akhavān-Sāless (Persian: مهدی اخوان ثالث‎‎) (March, 1929 in Mashhad, Iran - August 26, 1990 in Tehran, Iran), pen name M. Omid (م. امید, Hope) was a prominent Iranian poet. He is one of the pioneers of Free Verse (New Style Poetry) in Persian language.


  • Life 1
  • Poetry 2
  • Works 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6


Akhavan Sales was born in 1928 in Mashhad, Iran. He gave up an interest in music to appease his father. When the government of prime minister Mohammad Mosaddegh was toppled, he was imprisoned along with other political activists. His daughter Laleh, was born while he was in prison.

After his release from prison in 1957, he started to work in radio, and soon after was transferred to Tehran. He is buried on the grounds of the mausoleum of Ferdowsi in Tus.


Grave of Mehdi Akhavan-Sales in Tous, near Mashhad

Although Akhavan Sales's poetic career began as early as 1942, he did not acquire the degree of recognition, necessary for breaking into the literary circles of his time until the publication of his third volume of poetry in 1956. Called "Zemestan" (Winter), this volume boosted Sales's career and placed him among the top runners for the mantle of Nima Yushij. In fact, for many circles, Nader Naderpour and Akhavan Sales were equally recognized as worthy successors of the Bard of Mazandaran. The fact that like Nima they both had started as traditionalists and had worked their way into new realms of New Poetry through individual initiative itself deserved praise for singular effort.

Akhavan's forte, like the bard of Tus, Ferdowsi, is epic; more precisely, he chooses themes of epical proportion and expresses them with the same zeal that Ferdowsi uses in the Shahnameh. The difference is that they write for two diametrically different audiences. Akhavan Sales need not engage his poetry in gavel by gavel battles of Iranian and Turanian chiefs. Rather, he can focus on the theme and illustrating aspects of it with diverse, often far-fetched similes, metaphors, and symbols.

Finally, Sales's language is complex. While translating his verse, one cannot ignore the impact of the internal rhyme, the interconnection of seemingly disparate images, and the ubiquitous presence of the theme. Sales's "Winter," is a good example for understanding the depth of his conviction as well as the dexterity and the finesse that distinguish his compositions. Iraj Bashiri's translation gives us the English equivalent:[1]



  • Organ (Arghanoon ارغنون, 1951)
  • Winter (Zemestān زمستان, 1956)
  • The Ending of Shahnameh (Ākhare Shāhnāmeh, آخر شاهنامه, 1959)
  • From This Avesta (Az In Avestā, 1965, از اين اوستا)
  • The Hunting Poems (Manzoomeye Shekār, 1966)
  • Autumn in Prison (Pāeez dar Zendān, 1969)
  • Love Lyrics and Azure (Aasheghānehā va Kabood, عاشقانه ها و کبود, 1969)
  • Best Hope (Behtarin Omid, 1969)
  • Selected Poems (Ghozideh-ye Ash-ār, 1970)
  • In the Autumn's Small Yard in Prison (Dar Hayāte Koochak Pāeez dar Zendān, در حياط کوچک پاييز در زندان, 1976)
  • Hell, but Cold (Duzakh Amma Sard, 1978)
  • Life Says: Still We Must Live (Zendegi Migooyad Amma Bāz Bayad Zist, زندگي مي گويد: اما بايد زيست, 1978)
  • O You Ancient Land, I Love Thee (Torā Ay Kohan Boom o Bar Doost Dāram, تو را اي کهن بوم و بر دوست دارم, 1989)

Other Books

  • I Saw Susa (Shush-rā Didam, 1972)
  • They Say That Ferdowsi (Guyand Ki Ferdowsi, 1976)
  • An Ancient Tree and the Forest (Derakhti pir va jangal, درخت پير و جنگل, 1977)
  • And Now a New Spring (Inak Bahar-i Digar, 1978)
  • Fight on, O Hero (Bejang, Ey Pahlavān, 1978)
  • Nima Yushij's Innovations and Aesthetics (Bed'athā va Badāye'i Nimā Yushij, بدعت ها و بدايع نيما يوشيج, 1979)
  • Nima Yushij's Bequest (Atā va Laqā-i Nimā Yushij, عطا و لقاي نيما يوشيج, 1983)

See also


  1. ^ Bashiri, Iraj. "Life of Mehdi Akhavan Saless". Working Papers on Iran and Central Asia. Retrieved 6 October 2013. 
  • his biography in BBC persian
  • his biography in Aftabnews
  • his biography
  • Website of Mehdi Akhavan Sales

External links

  • Website of Mehdi Akhavan Sales
  • Iran Chamber
  • A Brief Note on the Life of Mehdi Akhavan Sales by Iraj Bashiri

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