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14th Century

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14th Century

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades: 1300s 1310s 1320s 1330s 1340s
1350s 1360s 1370s 1380s 1390s
Categories: BirthsDeaths
EstablishmentsDisestablishments

As a means of recording the passage of time, the 14th century was the century which lasted from January 1, 1301, to December 31, 1400. Political and natural disaster and black death ravaged 4 khanates of the Mongolian Empire. Consequently, the Mongol court was driven out of China and retreated to Mongolia, the Ilkhanate collapsed in Persia, the Chaghatayid dissolved into two parts, and the Golden Horde lost its position as great power in Eastern Europe.

Events

This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). It is housed in the Smithsonian Institution in Washington, D.C..
The Hundred Years' War, Battle of Crécy between the English and French in 1346.

Significant people

Guillaume de Machaut (at right) receiving Nature and three of her children, from an illuminated Parisian manuscript of the 1350s
Timur The Lame

Artists

Literary figures

Statue of Dante Alighieri at the Uffizi, Florence

Monarchs

Africa
  • Mansa Musa (d. 1337), King of the Mali Empire. During his reign Mali was the source of almost half the world's gold.
  • Amda Seyon I (13141344), Emperor of Ethiopia. Consolidated the power of his domain beyond the Ethiopian highlands, initiating a long era of Christian proselytization and integration of peripheral areas
Asia
Europe and Near East
14th-century monarchs
14th century manuscript initial depicting Edward III of England (seated) and his son the Black Prince (kneeling)
Edward III and the Black Prince 
Dmitry Donskoy, illustration in Tsarsky Titulyarnik, 17th century
Official court painting of the Hongwu Emperor (reigned 1368-1398 AD), Ming Dynasty, China
Hongwu Emperor, the founder and first emperor of the Ming Dynasty of China 
Ottoman miniature painting of Osman I, founder of the Ottoman Empire. Located at Topkapı Sarayı Müzesi, Istanbul.
Osman I, first Sultan of the Ottoman Empire 
Oil-on-panel portrait of Richard II of England, mid-1390s
Portrait of Louis I of Hungary by Jan Matejko
Louis the Great of Hungary, one of the strongest kings of Hungary, c. 1342-1382 

Inventions, discoveries, introductions

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Ricklefs (1991), page 18
  2. ^ Kern, J.H.C., (1907), De wij-inscriptie op het Amoghapāça-beeld van Padang Candi(Batang Hari-districten); 1269 Çaka, Tijdschrift voor Indische Taal-, Land-, en Volkenkunde.
  3. ^ Drs. R. Soekmono et al. (1988) [1973]. Pengantar Sejarah Kebudayaan Indonesia 2, 2nd ed. (5th reprint ed.). Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius. p. 72. 
  4. ^ Macdonnel, Arthur Anthony (1900). " Sanskrit Literature and the West.". A History of Sanskrit Literature. New York: D. Appleton and Co. p. 420.
  5. ^ Richardson, Douglas, Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, Md., 2004, p.23, ISBN 0-8063-1750-7
  6. ^ Pound lock

Decades and years

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