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6th century BC

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Title: 6th century BC  
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Subject: 1st millennium BC, 5th century BC, 8th century BC, List of explorers, 400s BC (decade)
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

6th century BC

Millennium: 1st millennium BC
Decades: 590s BC 580s BC 570s BC 560s BC 550s BC
540s BC 530s BC 520s BC 510s BC 500s BC
Categories: BirthsDeaths

The 6th century BCE started the first day of 600 BCE and ended the last day of 501 BCE.

Map of the world in 500 BC

Pāṇini, in India, composed a grammar for Sanskrit, in this century or slightly later.[1] This is the oldest still known grammar of any language.

In the Near East, the first half of this century was dominated by the Neo-Babylonian or Chaldean empire, which had risen to power late in the previous century after successfully rebelling against Assyrian rule. The Kingdom of Judah came to an end in 586 BCE when Babylonian forces under Nebuchadnezzar II captured Jerusalem, and removed most of its population to their own lands. Babylonian rule was toppled however in the 540s, by Cyrus, who founded the Persian Empire in its place. The Persian Empire continued to expand and grew into the greatest empire the world had known at the time.

In Iron Age Europe, the Celtic expansion was in progress. China was in the Spring and Autumn Period.

Monument 1, an Olmec colossal head at La Venta


Solon, creator of the Solonian Constitution of Athens which incorporated the first elements of formalised civil democracy in world history

590s BCE

580s BCE

570s BCE

560s BCE

550s BCE

540s BCE

530s BCE

520s BCE

510s BCE

500s BCE

Unknown Events

Significant people


Inventions, discoveries, introductions


  1. ^ Ritual and mantras: rules without meaning Google Books
  2. ^ "History of the SUDAN". 2007. Archived from the original on 14 July 2007. Retrieved 3 August 2007. 
  3. ^ Daniel 10:4 Bible Online


Decades and years

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