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80th Congress

80th United States Congress
United States Capitol (1956)

Duration: January 3, 1947 – January 3, 1949

Senate President: Vacant
Senate Pres. pro tem: Arthur H. Vandenberg
House Speaker: Joseph William Martin, Jr.
Members: 96 Senators
435 Representatives
3 Non-voting members
Senate Majority: Republican Party
House Majority: Republican Party

Sessions
1st: January 3, 1947 – December 19, 1947
Special: November 17, 1947 – December 19, 1947
2nd: January 6, 1948 – December 31, 1948
Special: July 26, 1948 – August 7, 1948
<79th 81st>

The Eightieth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from January 3, 1947 to January 3, 1949, during the third and fourth years of Harry S. Truman's presidency. The apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the Sixteenth Census of the United States in 1940. Republicans gained a majority in both chambers for this Congress. The Democrats had the majorities in the previous Congress and they regained them in the next Congress.

The 80th Congress was nicknamed the "Do Nothing Congress" by President Harry Truman. The Congress opposed many of the bills passed during the Franklin Roosevelt administration. They also opposed most of Truman's Fair Deal bills. Yet they passed many pro-business bills. During the 1948 election Truman campaigned as much against the "Do Nothing Congress" as against his formal opponent, Thomas Dewey.

Contents

Major events

Major legislation

Main article: List of United States federal legislation, 1901-2001 § 80th United States Congress
  • May 22, 1947: Assistance to Greece and Turkey Act (Pub.L. 80–75,
  • June 23, 1947: Taft–Hartley Act, Sess. 1, ch. 120, 61 Stat. 136
  • July 18, 1947: Stat. 380
  • July 26, 1947: National Security Act of 1947, Sess. 1, ch. 343, 61 Stat. 495
  • August 7, 1947: Mineral Leasing Act for Acquired Lands, Sess. 1, ch. 513, 61 Stat. 913
  • January 27, 1948: United States Information and Educational Exchange Act, Sess. 2, ch. 36, 62 Stat. 6
  • April 3, 1948: Foreign Assistance Act (Stat. 137
  • April 3, 1948: Stat. 157
  • May 26, 1948: Stat. 274
  • June 17, 1948: Reed-Bulwinkle Act
  • June 25, 1948: Stat. 672
  • June 28, 1948: Commodity Credit Corporation Charter Act of 1948
  • June 30, 1948: Federal Water Pollution Control Act, Sess. 2, ch. 758
  • July 3, 1948: Stat. 1240
  • 1948: Agricultural Act of 1948

Constitutional provisions

Party summary


Senate

From the beginning to the end of this Congress, there was no net change in party power.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic Progressive Vacant
End of previous Congress 38 57 1 96 0
Begin 51 45 0 96 0
End
Final voting share 53.1% 46.9% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 42 54 0 96 0

House of Representatives

From the beginning to the end of this Congress, there was no net change in party power. The Democrats lost one seat, which remained vacant until the next Congress.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Republican Democratic American Labor Progressive Vacant
End of previous Congress 191 242 1 1 435 0
Begin 248 185 1 0 434 1
End 244 184 2 430 5
Final voting share 56.7% 43.1% 0.2% 0.0%
Beginning of the next Congress 171 263 1 0 435 0

Leadership

[ Section contents: Senate: Majority (R), Minority (D)House: Majority (R), Minority (D) ]

Senate

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

House of Representatives

Majority (Republican) leadership

Minority (Democratic) leadership

Members

Senate

Senators are popularly elected statewide every two years, with one-third beginning new six year terms with each Congress. Preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election.


House of Representatives

The names of members of the House of Representatives elected statewide at-large, are preceded by an "At-Large," and the names of those elected from districts, whether plural or single member, are preceded by their district numbers.

The congressional district numbers are linked to articles describing the district itself. Since the boundaries of the districts have changed often and substantially, the linked article may only describe the district as it exists today, and not as it was at the time of this Congress.

Changes in membership

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress

Senate

There were 3 deaths, 2 resignations, and one lost mid-term election.


Template:Ordinal US Congress Senate |- | Mississippi
(1) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Theodore Bilbo (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 21, 1947.
Successor was elected to finish term. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Stennis (D) | Appointed November 17, 1947 |- | Louisiana
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Holmes Overton (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 14, 1948.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William C. Feazel (D) | Appointed May 18, 1948 |- | South Dakota
(2) | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Harlan Bushfield (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died September 27, 1948.
Successor was appointed to serve until a special election. | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Vera Bushfield (R) | Appointed October 6, 1948 |- | South Dakota
(2) | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Vera Bushfield (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 26, 1948.
Successor was elected to finish term. | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Karl Earl Mundt (R) | Appointed December 31, 1948 |- | Louisiana
(3) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William C. Feazel (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 30, 1948.
Successor was elected to finish term. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Russell B. Long (D) | Appointed December 31, 1948 |- | North Carolina
(2) | style="background:#B0CEFF" | William Umstead (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 30, 1948.
Successor was elected to finish term. | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Melville Broughton (D) | Won mid-term election and seated December 31, 1948 |}

House of Representatives

There were 9 deaths and 7 resignations.


Template:Ordinal US Congress Rep |- | Alabama
8th
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | John Sparkman resigned in previous Congress after being elected to the US Senate | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Robert E. Jones, Jr. (D) | Seated January 28, 1947 |- | Wisconsin
2nd
| Vacant | style="font-size:80%" | Robert K. Henry died during previous Congress | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Glenn R. Davis (R) | Seated April 22, 1947 |- | Washington
3rd
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Fred Norman (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 18, 1947 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Russell Mack (R) | Seated June 7, 1947 |- | Pennsylvania
8th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles Gerlach (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 5, 1947 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Franklin Lichtenwalter (R) | Seated September 9, 1947 |- | Maryland
3rd
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Thomas D'Alesandro, Jr. (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned May 16, 1947 after being elected Mayor of Baltimore | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Edward Garmatz (D) | Seated July 15, 1947 |- | Michigan
11th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Fred Bradley (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died May 24, 1947 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles Potter (R) | Seated August 26, 1947 |- | Texas
9th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Joseph J. Mansfield (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died July 12, 1947 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Clark W. Thompson (D) | Seated August 23, 1947 |- | Texas
16th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | R. Ewing Thomason (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 31, 1947 after being appointed as a judge of the US District Court for the Western District of Texas | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Kenneth M. Regan (D) | Seated August 23, 1947 |- | Massachusetts
9th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Charles Gifford (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 23, 1947 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Donald Nicholson (R) | Seated November 18, 1947 |- | Indiana
10th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Raymond S. Springer (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died August 28, 1947 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | Ralph Harvey (R) | Seated November 4, 1947 |- | Ohio
4th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Robert Franklin Jones (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 2, 1947, to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission | style="background:#FFB6B6" | William M. McCulloch (R) | Seated November 4, 1947 |- | New York
14th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Leo Rayfiel (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned September 13, 1947, having been appointed a judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Abraham Multer (D) | Seated November 4, 1947 |- | Illinois
21st
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | George E. Howell (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned October 5, 1947 after being appointed judge of the US Court of Claims | colspan=2 | Vacant until next Congress |- | Virginia
4th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Patrick Drewry (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died December 21, 1947 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Watkins Abbitt (D) | Seated February 17, 1948 |- | New York
24th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Benjamin J. Rabin (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 31, 1947 | style="background:#fdfd7f" | Leo Isacson (AL) | Seated February 17, 1948 |- | Kentucky
2nd
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Earle Clements (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned January 6, 1948 to become Governor of Kentucky | style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Whitaker (D) | Seated April 17, 1948 |- | Kentucky
9th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | John Robsion (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died February 17, 1948 | style="background:#FFB6B6" | William Lewis (R) | Seated April 24, 1948 |- | Missouri
10th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Orville Zimmerman (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died April 7, 1948 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Paul Jones (D) | Seated November 2, 1948 |- | Virginia
6th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Lindsay Almond (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned April 17, 1948, having been elected Attorney General of Virginia | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Clarence Burton (D) | Seated November 2, 1948 |- | Illinois
7th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Thomas L. Owens (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Died June 7, 1948 | colspan=2 | Vacant until next Congress |- | Indiana
6th
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Noble J. Johnson (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned July 1, 1948 after being appointed as judge of US Court of Customs & Patent Appeals | colspan=2 | Vacant until next Congress |- | Texas
15th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | Milton H. West (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died October 28, 1948 | style="background:#B0CEFF" | Lloyd Bentsen (D) | Seated December 4, 1948 |- | New York
7th
| style="background:#B0CEFF" | John Delaney (D) | style="font-size:80%" | Died November 18, 1948 | colspan=2 | Vacant until next Congress |- | South Dakota
1st
| style="background:#FFB6B6" | Karl E. Mundt (R) | style="font-size:80%" | Resigned December 30, 1948 after being appointed to the U.S. Senate | colspan=2 | Vacant until next Congress |}

Employees

Senate

House of Representatives

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