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Albania–United States relations

Albania – United States relations
Map indicating locations of Albania and USA


United States
Diplomatic Mission
Albanian Embassy, Washington, D.C. United States Embassy, Tirana

Albania – United States relations are the international relations between the Republic of Albania and the United States of America, first established in 1912, following its independence from the Ottoman Empire, ending in 1939 due to German and Italian occupation in the Second World War, and re-established in 1991 after the fall of communism in Europe and the dissolution of the Soviet Union.


  • Embassies and consulates 1
  • Public sentiment 2
  • Treaties 3
  • Developmental aid 4
  • Global War on Terrorism 5
    • Death of Osama bin Laden 5.1
    • Libyan civil war 5.2
    • Syrian civil war 5.3
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Embassies and consulates

Albania maintains an embassy in the American capital of Washington, D.C., while the United States maintains an embassy in Albania's capital city Tirana. Albania also has a consulate in New York because of the Albanian diaspora in the US.

The Albanian embassy in Washington, D.C.

Public sentiment

Pro-American sentiment is strong and widespread among the Albanian population.[1][2]

Even while the United States, which had closed its mission to Albania in 1946, was being vilified by communist propaganda during the regime of Enver Hoxha, ordinary Albanians remembered that U.S. President Woodrow Wilson had interceded on behalf of Albanian independence from 1919 to 1920, strongly arguing against a proposed partition of Albania by the Paris Peace Conference and subsequently enabling Albania to achieve statehood and international recognition by the League of Nations.[3] Many Albanian children to this day are named Wilson in the president's honor. Albanians also credit the Clinton Administration with saving Kosovar-Albanian lives in the Kosovo war,[4] and they greatly appreciate the U.S. Government's commitment to resolving the political status of Kosovo.[5]

According to the 2012 U.S. Global Leadership Report, 80% of Albanians approve of U.S. leadership, the second-highest rating for any surveyed country in Europe after the partially recognized Kosovo.[6]

As of 2013, there were 649 international students of Albanian origin studying in the United States.[7]


In 2003, Albania and the U.S. signed and ratified a number of agreements, including a treaty on the [9] Albania joined NATO in 2009 along with Croatia, further strengthening Albanian–American relations.

Developmental aid

Since fiscal year 1991, the U.S. has provided Albania with more than $616 million in assistance,[5] not counting Foreign Agricultural Service food aid. In 2007, the U.S. gave over $21.1 million to Albania under the Support for East European Democracy Act program. Albania was among the countries selected to participate in the Threshold Program under the Millennium Challenge Account, receiving a grant of $13.8 million.[10] In September 2006, Albania began implementation of the program, which targets corruption and rule of law.

Global War on Terrorism

Albania has supported the U.S. in the global terrorist financing, expelling extremists, and providing military and diplomatic support for the U.S.-led actions in Afghanistan and Iraq.[5] Albania has played a moderating role in the region and has fully supported UN mediation efforts in Kosovo. Albania also has 600 elite soldiers deployed in Afghanistan as part of the International Security Assistance Force, and 240 troops as part of Multi-National Force – Iraq.

Death of Osama bin Laden

The President of the Republic, Prof. Dr. Bamir Topi, through a message conveyed to U.S. President Barack Obama, commended the elimination of Osama bin Laden, considering it as one of the greatest victories in the war against international terrorism.

Prime Minister Sali Berisha reacted to the Al-Qaeda leader being killed by the U.S. forces in Pakistan by noting it as a great victory of the U.S. over terrorism. Speaking to reporters, Berisha said that Bin Laden got what he deserved and emphasized that his death relieves the pain of thousands of September 11 victims. Berisha said:

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Albania hailed the death of Osama bin Laden, saying:

Libyan civil war

Prime Minister Sali Berisha supported the 2011 military intervention in Libya the decision of the coalition to protect civilians from the Libyan regime of Gaddafi. In a press release of the Prime Ministry, Berisha noted that these operations are considered entirely legitimate, having as main objective the protection of freedoms and universal rights that Libyans deserve[14] adding that Albania is ready to help.[15]

Syrian civil war

During a 2012 meeting with the new ambassador of Qatar in Albania, Prime Minister Sali Berisha said: "The government of Albania is following with concern the events in Syria where the regime of Bashar al-Assad is using its power as a permit to kill the innocent civilians and the Syrian people."[16] The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Albania on 18 February 2012 strongly condemns the violence already spread throughout Syria, "as well as increasing the number of victims caused by the government of Bashar Al Assad on the innocent population of his country".[17] The Ministry of Foreign Affairs supports the conclusions of the meeting of the Foreign Ministers of the European Union, held on 27 February in Brussels, on developments in Syria, as well as the additional sanctions that the European Union has adapted against the Assad government, sanctions that aim to paralyze the apparatus and finances of the repressive machine against the Syrian people. The Albanian Foreign Ministry expresses sympathy and support for the progressive forces, which have embraced the aspiration to transform Syria into a democratic, open and pluralistic state, which respects the rights of all communities living in this country. By coordinating its contributions to those of the international community, the Republic of Albania joins the Friends of Syria Group, believing that this is the secure way to help the Syrian people.[18]

During the meeting on 1 April 2012 Friends of Syria in Istanbul the Minister of foreign Affairs of the Republic of Albania, Edmond Haxhinasto too spoke in the meeting, emphasizing that the issue of human rights is not an internal affair belonging to the states, but a responsibility of all the international community. He expressed the need to intensify the pressure against the current government of Damascus not just politically, but also through a concentrated action of all international mechanisms. Haxhinasto stressed the position of the Albanian government to support the efforts of the U.N., the E.U., the Arab League and other international bodies in putting an end to the violence towards the civilian population from the Damascus government, and establishing the conditions for a democratic process. He praised the Mission of the UN Special Envoy, Mr. Kofi Annan and his plan to stop the bloodshed and violence, achieve national reconciliation and establish a democratic government in Syria. In conclusion, Minister Haxhinasto underlined the support of the Albanian Government for the Syrian democratic opposition represented by the Syrian National Council, as well as its war for freedom, human dignity and progress.[19]

See also


  1. ^ Lucas, Peter: Why Albanians love America, Retrieved on January 14, 2009
  2. ^ Albanians love Americans - and the feeling is mutual Denver Post 2010-08-14
  3. ^ Albania's Reemergence after World War I
  4. ^
  5. ^ a b c
  6. ^ U.S. Global Leadership Project Report - 2012 Gallup
  7. ^ International Students: All Places of Origin Institute of International Education
  8. ^
  9. ^ Klein, Kent: Bush Signs NATO Entry Protocols for Albania, Croatia, Retrieved on January 14, 2009
  10. ^
  11. ^ President of Albania
  12. ^ Keshilli i Ministrave i Republikes se Shqiperise
  13. ^ PRESS RELEASE, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Albania
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^ PM Berisha receives new ambassador of State of Qatar Yossef Bin Hassan Bin Yousef Al Saai, Council of Ministers of the Republic of Albania, 2012-02-14
  17. ^ Statement of Ministry of Foreign Affairs for approval of the Resolution for Syria in the General Assembly of U.N., Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Albania, 2012-02-18
  18. ^ Albania joins the International Group of “Friends of Syria”, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Albania, 2012-02-28
  19. ^

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Department of State (Background Notes).

External links

  • History of Albania - U.S. relations
  • U.S.-Albanian relations
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