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Alphonse Pinart

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Alphonse Pinart

Alphonse Pinart
Born 1852
Boisdinghem, Marquise, Pas-de-Calais
Died February 13, 1911
Boulogne-sur-Mer
Nationality French
Spouse(s) Zelia Nuttall
Alphonse Pinart (1852–1911) was a French explorer, philologist, and ethnographer. He was an early champion of the theory that the Americas were first populated by migration across the Bering Strait. To support his research, he made extensive travel in the Pacific, from Alaska and the Aleutian Islands[1][2] to Easter Island. He also pilfered numerous historical documents from the Spanish archives in Santa Fe, New Mexico:[3]
Large numbers of documents of this period [from 1743 to 1749] were . . . stolen and are now in the so-called “Pinart” collection. Pinart (Alphonse) was a Frenchman and visited New Mexico and Arizona in the early ‘seventies [1870's], at which time this “collection” was made.

Alternatively, he may have purchased the documents from someone at the archives. Twitchell was not in Santa Fe when this alleged theft took place, and Twitchell is described as "... the most prolific New Mexico historian of his period, although his works were often seen as biased." [4]

He recorded vocabularies of the Mission Indians in California, and also documented early rock art in Aruba. In 1875, he purchased a crystal skull and other ethnographic artifacts from Eugène Boban, which was later donated to the Trocadéro Museum.[5]

Publications

  • Caverne d'Aknañh, île d'Ounga(archipel Shumagin, Alaska). Paris, E. Leroux 1875
  • Voyage à l'Ile de Pâques (Océan Pacifique) (Voyage to Easter Island) (in French; see External Link below for English translation)[6]

References

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Ralph Emerson Twitchell, “The Spanish Archives of New Mexico”, Vol. 2, pp. 213-214 (1914).
  4. ^ http://dev.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=21280
  5. ^
  6. ^

External links

  • Easter Island Foundation sells an English translation, by Ann M. Altman Ph.D., of Pinart's account of his visit to Easter Island, along with those of Eugène Eyraud, Pierre Loti and Hippolyte Roussel, under the title Early Visitors to Easter Island 1864-1877.
  • Guide to the Alphonse Louis Pinart Papers at The Bancroft Library


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