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Aquiles Serdán

Aquiles Serdán Alatriste (November 2, 1876 – November 18, 1910), born in the city of Puebla, Puebla, was a supporter of the Mexican Revolution led by Francisco I. Madero and its first martyr.

His family was politically active and involved. His grandfather, Miguel C. Alatriste, was a strong liberal during the Reform, and served as governor of the state of Puebla in 1857. During the French Intervention, Alatriste fought against the invaders and their Mexican conservative allies, was captured and executed.[1] His father, Manuel Serdán, was one of the founders of the Partido Socialista Mexicano (Mexican Socialist Party), and co-authored La Ley del Pueblo that called for agrarian reform. Manuel Serdán disappeared, perhaps murdered by authorities.[2]

Aquiles Serdán was a shoemaker by trade, as was his father, Manuel Serdán.[3] Aquiles Serdán read

  • LaFrance, David G. The Mexican Revolution in Puebla, 1908-1913: The Maderista Movement and Failure of Liberal Reform. Wilmington: Scholarly Resources 1989.
  • LaFrance, David G. "Aquiles Serdán" in Encyclopedia of Mexico, vol. 2, pp. 1340-41. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn 1997.
  • Sevilla, Jesús Flores. La familia Serdán. Mexico City: SepSetentas 1976.

Further Reading


  1. ^ David G. LaFrance, "Aquiles Serdán" in Encyclopedia or Mexico. vol. 2, p. 1340. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn 1997.
  2. ^ LaFrance, "Aquiles Serdán", p. 1340.
  3. ^ David G. LaFrance, "Aquiles Serdán" in Encyclopedia of Mexico, vol. 2, p. 1340. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn 1997.
  4. ^ Stanley R. Ross, Francisco I. Madero: Apostle of Democracy. New York: Columbia University Press 1955, p. 121.
  5. ^ Ross, Francisco I. Madero, p. 122.
  6. ^ Ross, Francisco I. Madero, p. 122
  7. ^ quoted in Stanley R. Ross, Francisco I. Madero p. 111.
  8. ^ Ross, Francisco I. Madero, p. 122.
  9. ^ Ross, Francisco I. Madero, pp. 122-23,
  10. ^ quoted in Ross, Francisco I. Madero, p. 123.
  11. ^ Chihuahua - Aquiles Serdán

References

The northern municipality of Aquiles Serdán, Chihuahua, was renamed in his honor in 1932;[11] he is also remembered by Metro Aquiles Serdán, a station on the Mexico City Metro. His house on Santa Clara Street in the center of Puebla is open as a museum and everything is as he left it when he was killed.

He was the first martyr of the revolution. When Madero heard of Serdán's death, he is reported to have said, "It does not matter. They have shown us how to die."[10]

The Díaz government got wind of the Serdán's revolutionary activities and the Puebla police chief and men under his command came to the Serdán family home, where violence ensued on November 18, 1910. Serdán, his brother Máximo, and his wife, mother, and sister Carmen, along with nine men, defended the house. Although he had hopes that the city of Puebla would rise, it did not and the government forces killed Serdán, losing 158 of its own men.[9]

[8] When Madero escaped jail in 1910 and issued the

[7] victors in the 1910 elections, Serdán is reported to have said, "Do not intone the hosanna of Victory, Señores Porfiristas and Corralistas, for we Anti-Reelectionists have not yet fired the last cartridge."Ramón Corral After the Electoral College declared Díaz and [6] He actively campaigned for Madero in the 1910 presidential elections, but when Madero was arrested and fraudulent elections held, Serdán left for the United States.[5] He became a revolutionary, opposing Díaz. Serdán was arrested by Díaz's government, spending October - December 1909 in prison.[4]

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