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Bernardo Reyes

Bernardo Reyes
Portrait of Bernardo Reyes
Born August, 1850
Guadalajara, Mexico
Died February 9, 1913(1913-02-09) (aged 62)
Mexico City, Mexico
Years of service 1865-1913
Rank General
Battles/wars Mexican Revolution

Bernardo Reyes (August 1850 – February 9, 1913) was a Mexican general and politician. Born in a prominent liberal family in the western state of Jalisco, he served in the army, rising to the rank of general. Like his political patron, General and then President Porfirio Díaz, Reyes was a military man who became an able administrator. Reyes was one of the state governors that Díaz appointed, serving as governor of the northern state of Nuevo León. He implemented Porfirian policy, particularly eliminating political rivals, but also building his own power base. He helped in the modernization of that state, enabling local industrialization, improving public education and health, and supporting improvements in the lives of workers.[1][2] While governor of Nuevo León, Reyes approved a workers compensation law.[3] Followers of Reyes were known as Reyistas.

Reyes served in the cabinet for two years as Minister of War, and there he created an expanded military force, the Second Reserve which had some 30,000 men and a significant budget. The force came to be considered Reyes's private army by the

  • IEA:Bernardo Reyes (Spanish)

External links

  1. ^ Alan Knight, The Mexican Revolution, New York: Cambridge University Press 1986, vol. 1, p. 49.
  2. ^ a b Bernardo Reyes (Mexican politician) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia
  3. ^ a b The National Palace
  4. ^ Knight, The Mexican Revolution, vol. 1, p. 49.
  5. ^ Knight, The Mexican Revolution, vol. 1, p. 49.
  6. ^ Knight, The Mexican Revolution, vol. 1, p. 52.
  7. ^ Lyle C. Brown, Review of El Gran General Bernardo Reyes by E. V. Niemeyer Jr. (translated by Juan Antonio Ayala) in Hispanic American Historical Review Vol. 47, no. 3, p. 422
  8. ^ Scheina, Robert L. (2004). Villa: Soldier of the Mexican Revolution.  
  9. ^ Articles: Reyes, Alfonso (1889-1959) - Historical Text Archive


He was the father of the writer Alfonso Reyes,[9] and grandfather of the painter Aurora Reyes.

On 9 February 1913, Manuel Mondragón's forces freed Reyes from prison.[8] Then, they marched on to the National Palace in the beginning of the Decena trágica. Reyes was killed in the initial assault on the palace.[3]

For a time Reyes was a supporter of Madero, but he later led the first rebellion against Madero.[2] After this rebellion failed, Reyes was imprisoned.

Together with José Yves Limantour, he was considered as one of the potential successors of Porfirio Díaz.[7] With Francisco Madero's latter challenge to the dictator in the 1910 elections and, afterwards, initiation of the Mexican Revolution, previous notions of who should succeed Díaz were discarded.

He was not an outsider or radical agitator. [6]

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