World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Braulio Carrillo Colina

Article Id: WHEBN0021779873
Reproduction Date:

Title: Braulio Carrillo Colina  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Luis Guillermo Solís, 1830s, 1838, 1835, March 20
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Braulio Carrillo Colina

Braulio Carrillo
Head of State of Costa Rica
In office
May 28, 1838 – April 11, 1842
Preceded by Manuel Aguilar
Succeeded by Francisco Morazán
Head of State of Costa Rica
In office
May 5, 1835 – March 1, 1837
Preceded by José Rafael Gallegos
Succeeded by Joaquín Mora
Personal details
Born Braulio Evaristo Carrillo Colina
(1800-03-20)March 20, 1800
Cartago, Costa Rica
Died May 15, 1845(1845-05-15) (aged 45)
La Sociedad, El Salvador
Spouse(s) Froilana Carranza Ramírez
Alma mater Universidad de León
Profession scribe, lawyer
Religion Roman Catholic

Braulio Evaristo Carrillo Colina (March 20, 1800, Cartago, Costa Rica – May 15, 1845) was the Head of State of Costa Rica (the title as it was known before the reform of 1848) during two periods: the first between 1835 to 1837, and the de facto between 1838 and 1842.

Before becoming head of state, Carrillo held a number of public positions, including Judge and Chairman of the Supreme Court of Costa Rica, member of the Legislative Assembly of Costa Rica and member of the Congress of the Federal Republic of Central America.

Biography

Braulio Carrillo studied law at the University of León in Nicaragua. At the early age of 28 years was elected to the legislature for a period of two years, and for a brief period held the position of president of the legislature. In 1834, he was sent as a representative of Costa Rica to the Central American Congress, in El Salvador.

Upon the resignation of Costa Rica's head of state José Rafael Gallegos in 1835, Carrillo was elected to complete the term of Gallegos. Because of their strong character and that the assembly repealed in August of that year the Ambulance Act, the cities of Cartago, Heredia and Alajuela took up arms against the government in mid-September, but were defeated after a civil war lasted a fortnight.

Carrillo was a candidate for reelection in 1837, but was defeated by Manuel Aguilar, who was overthrown in 1838 by a cuartelazo. Carrillo again became the Head of State, with absolute powers. He convened a constituent assembly, which, in November, declared that the state was separated from the Federal Republic of Central America, and thus Costa Rica became a sovereign country. The constituent session was suspended in December 1838.

In 1841 Carrillo issued the Guarantee Law, which made him head of state for life. There were a number of changes in the social life of Costa Rica, and Carrillo became known as the "Architect of the Costa Rican National State". He worked to prohibit vagrancy, vice and crime. He greatly boost the development of Costa Rica and introduced order in the Civil Service. His efforts to open a path to communicate with the Central Valley Matina on the Caribbean coast, could not be satisfactorily completed, as the government of Francisco Morazán stopped work when they were well advanced. Due to this effort, the National Park located between the provinces of Limón and San José and a highway between San José and Guápiles carries his name today. Braulio Carrillo National Park is also named after him.

In 1842 Francisco Morazán, former Federal President Central America, invaded Costa Rica and seized power. Carrillo went into exile and settled in El Salvador, where he was killed in 1845.

Achievements of Carrillo's governments

References

  • Villalobos Rodríguez, José Hilario (1998). Braulio Carrillo en sus Fuentes Documentales, Tomo I. Imprenta Nacional.  

External links

  • (Spanish) Braulio Carrillo Colina
Political offices
Preceded by
José Rafael Gallegos
Head of State of Costa Rica
1835-1837
Succeeded by
Joaquín Mora
Preceded by
Manuel Aguilar
Head of State of Costa Rica
1838-1842
Succeeded by
Francisco Morazán
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.