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Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon

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Title: Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon  
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Subject: Emmanuel de Grouchy, Marquis de Grouchy, Auguste de Marmont, Édouard Mortier, duc de Trévise, Laurent de Gouvion Saint-Cyr, Louis-Gabriel Suchet
Collection: 1754 Births, 1818 Deaths, 18Th-Century French Diplomats, Burials at Père Lachaise Cemetery, Counts of the First French Empire, French Commanders of the Napoleonic Wars, Grand Croix of the Légion D'Honneur, Marquesses of Grenade, Marshals of France, Members of the Chamber of Peers of the Bourbon Restoration, Members of the Council of Five Hundred, Members of the Legislative Assembly (France), Members of the Sénat Conservateur, Military Leaders of the French Revolutionary Wars, Names Inscribed Under the Arc De Triomphe, Order of Saint Louis Recipients, Peers of France, People from Grenade, Haute-Garonne, People from Haute-Garonne
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon

Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon
Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon
Born 31 May 1754 (1754-05-31)
Grenade-sur-Garonne, Kingdom of France
Died Did not recognize date. Try slightly modifying the date in the first parameter. (aged 64)
Paris, Kingdom of France
Allegiance  Kingdom of France
Kingdom of France
French Republic
French Empire
Kingdom of France
Years of service 1769 - 1818
Commands held Armée des Pyrénées orientales
Battles/wars French Revolutionary Wars
Napoleonic Wars
Awards Legion of Honour
Order of Saint Louis
Names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe

Catherine-Dominique de Pérignon, 1st Marquis de Grenade (May 31, 1754 – December 25, 1818) was Marshal of France.

Early life

He was born to a family of small nobility in Grenade-sur-Garonne, Languedoc. After a roturier appointment in the grenadier corps of the Aquitaine Regiment, he retired to his estate. Pérignon welcomed the French Revolution, and gained a seat in the Legislative Assembly (1791), where he sat on the Right, but soon resigned and made his military career during the French Revolutionary Wars.

Revolutionary Wars

In 1793-1795 he held commands in the Army of the Eastern Pyrenees, defeating the Spanish troops at the battle of Escola with "a sombre kind of energy". He succeeded Jacques François Dugommier as army commander after that general's death at the Battle of the Black Mountain. He successfully concluded the Siege of Roses in early 1795. In 1796, he was elected by Haute-Garonne to the Council of Five Hundred. He became the French Directory's ambassador to Spain, concluding the Treaty of San Ildefonso against the Kingdom of Great Britain.

He was then involved in a smuggling affair and compromised with a young woman who was a Royalist spy. In 1798 Perignon was recalled and remanded to the Army in Liguria where he was assigned to command the left wing. Wounded and captured by Second Coalition armies at the Battle of Novi, he returned to France in 1800.

Empire and Restoration

Pérignon was a supporter of Napoleon Bonaparte, was made senator (1801), Marshal (1804) and count of the French Empire; in 1805, he received the Legion of Honor. From September 18, 1806 to July 23, 1808, he was the Governor-general of the Duchy of Parma. Later moved to the Kingdom of Naples, Pérignon, recently ennobled, became a close acquaintance of the royal couple (King Joachim Murat and Caroline Bonaparte).

He returned to France in 1814 and rallied to the

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