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Cheltenham Synagogue

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Cheltenham Synagogue

The front of the Cheltenham Synagogue

The Cheltenham Synagogue is a synagogue in Cheltenham noted for its Regency architecture. It is an independent congregation located in the town centre on Synagogue Lane, off St James's Square.

Nikolaus Pevsner judges that the Cheltenham Synagogue is one of the architecturally "best" non-Anglican ecclesiastical buildings in Britain.[1] It is a Grade II* listed building; the listing calls it "An outstanding example of a small provincial English synagogue".[2]

History

The congregation first met in about 1820 in a hired space at the St George's Place entrance to Manchester Walk.[3][4] The cornerstone for the synagogue was laid on 25 July 1837.[3] Founded when Cheltenham was a popular spa town, the synagogue declined with the town itself and closed in 1903.[5][6] It reopened in 1939 to serve evacuees being housed in London, refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe and soldiers stationed in nearby bases, including a number of Americans.[6]

Architecture

The elegant Regency building was designed by architect William Hill Knight (1837-9) who also designed the Cheltenham Public Library, now the Cheltenham Art Gallery and Museum[7] and Montpellier Walk.

The synagogue's chaste, Regency facade features Torah Ark and Bimah are reused elements of the London New Synagogue in Leadenhall Street, of 1761:[8] that congregation was in the process of building a new building, dedicated in 1838. The cost of wagon freight from London was £86.[7]

A number of unusual elements of the original furnishings survive. Among these are the original [7]

References

  1. ^ The Buildings of England, Nikolaus Pevsner, Penguin Books, 1951, p. 37
  2. ^ http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=475869&mode=adv
  3. ^ a b Norman's history of Cheltenham, John Goding, Longman, 1863, p. 472.
  4. ^ A panoramic sketch of Cheltenham and its environs, Alfred Landseer, Longman, 1828, p. 40.
  5. ^ A history of Cheltenham, Gwen Hart, A. Sutton, 1981, p. 218.
  6. ^ a b http://www.cheltenhamsynagogue.org.uk/History.htm
  7. ^ a b c Sharman Kadish , Jewish Heritage in England: An Architectural Guide, English Heritage, 2006, pp. 100-101
  8. ^ Renton, Peter (2000). The lost synagogues of London. Tymsder Publishing. pp. 45–46.  

External links

  • Synagogue website
  • Cheltenham Hebrew Congregation on Jewish Communities and Records - UK (hosted by jewishgen.org).

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