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Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands

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Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands

The Chief Justice of the Leeward Islands headed the Supreme Court of the Leeward Islands.

The British Leeward Islands was a British colony existing between 1833 and 1960, and consisting of Antigua, Barbuda, the British Virgin Islands, Montserrat, Saint Kitts, Nevis, Anguilla and Dominica (to 1940). Prior to 1871, when the Supreme Court was established, the individual islands had their own courts.

In 1939 the Windward and Leeward Islands Supreme Court and the Windward and Leeward Islands Court of Appeal were established, which was replaced in 1967 by the Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court which provides both functions.[1]

Contents

  • List of Chief Justices 1
    • Antigua 1.1
    • Dominica 1.2
    • Monserrat 1.3
    • Nevis 1.4
    • St Kitts 1.5
    • British Leeward Islands 1.6
  • References 2

List of Chief Justices

Antigua

  • 1706– Samuel Watkins [2]
  • ?–1716 John Gamble [3]
  • 1716–c.1742 Samuel Watkins [3]
  • ?–1750 William Lavington[4]
  • 1750– William Blizard [4]
  • ?–1759 Richard Wilson [5]
  • 1759–1762 Ralph Payne[6]
  • c.1776 Thomas Jarvis [7]
  • c.1792–1814 Rowland Burton[8]
  • 1814–1822 James Athill [9]
  • 1823–c.1833 Paul Daxon Horsford [9]
  • c.1844–1847 Richard Weston Nanton [10]
  • 1847–1856 Robert Marsh Horsford [11]
  • 1856–>1863 Sir William Snagg [12][13] (Antigua and Montserrat) (afterwards Chief Justice of British Guiana, 1868)
  • 1863–1864 Richard Weston Mara (acting)[14]

Dominica

  • c.1790 John Matson
  • 1806 John Burrows
  • 1812–c.1825 Archibald Gloster [15]
  • 1827–1828 John O'Driscoll
  • 1828–1833 Robert Sympson Jameson
  • c.1844 Henry John Glanville [10]
  • 1856–1861 Alan Ker [16]
  • 1861– Shalto Thomas Pemberton [17]

Monserrat

  • 1804– M. Dyett [9]
  • c.1822–c.1825 Thomas Hill [15]
  • c.1833 Dudley Semper
  • c.1842 John P. Trott [18]
  • c.1844 Samuel Lee Frith [10]
  • 1844–1847 John Shiell
  • 1847–1856 Sir Robert Marsh Horsford [19]
  • 1856– William Snagg [20] (afterwards Chief Justice of British Guiana, 1868)

Nevis

  • 1731–1751 John Dasent
  • 1754– Joseph Herbert (died 1768)
  • 1781-?1797 John Dasent
  • 1787– John Ward
  • George Webb Daniell
  • 1810– James Weekes [21]
  • c.1822–1833 William Lawrence
  • c.1844 George Webb [10]
  • 1854–1856 Alan Ker [16]
  • 1856 Aston Devoren [22]

St Kitts

  • c.1717 Clement Crooke
  • ?–1727 John Greatheed [23]
  • 1727–c.1730 Jeremiah Browne [23]
  • c.1730 William Pym Burt (died 1750)[24]
  • Jeremiah Browne [23] (reinstated)
  • 1735– James Gordon[23]
  • ?–1759 Richard Wilson
  • 1759– Ralph Payne (died 1763) [25]
  • 1766– Craister Greatheed (died 1780)
  • 1780–1800 William Payne Georges [26]
  • 1804– William Woodley [9]
  • 1808–1819 J. Garnett [9]
  • 1820–1833 Robert Williams Pickwoad (Pickwood) (died <1834)[9]
  • c.1844 Joseph K. Wattley [10]
  • ?–1856 Aston Devoren [27]
  • 1856 Archibald Paul Burt (temp) [28]
  • 1857–1867 Henry James Ross [29]

British Leeward Islands

  • 1874–1875 Sir Julian Pauncefote [30]
  • 1875–1877 Sir William Henry Doyle [31]
  • 1878–1879 Sir George Campbell Anderson [32]
  • 1879–1882 Henry James Burford-Hancock [33]
  • 1881–1883 Sir John Tankerville Goldney (acting)
  • 1883–1886 John Gorrie (afterwards Chief Justice of Trinidad, 1886)
  • 1886–1891 Henry Ludlow [34]
  • 1891–1900 Henry Wrenfordsley [35]
  • 1900–1911 John Symonds Udal
  • 1912– Sir Frederic Mackenzie Maxwell [36]
  • 1919–1921 Charles James Griffin [37]
  • 1921–1922 Alfred Karney Young[38]
  • 1923–1924 George Campbell Deane [39]
  • <1931–1937 James Stanley Rae [40]
  • 1937–1939 Sir Wilfred Wigley [41] (Windward and Leeward Islands)
  • 1940–1942 James Henry Jarrett (Windward and Leeward Islands)
  • 1942–?1953 Clement Malone [41][42] (Windward and Leeward Islands)
  • 1953–?1955 Sir Donald Jackson (Windward and Leeward Islands)[43]
  • 1955– Joseph Lyttleton Wills [44](Windward and Leeward Islands)
  • 1959->1963 Cyril George Xavier Henriques (Windward and Leeward Islands)[45]

References

  1. ^ "THE ORIGIN OF THE SUPREME COURT IN GRENADA". Barnacle Granada- Granada Newspaper. Retrieved 11 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Oliver, Langford. The history of the island of Antigua. p. 125. 
  3. ^ a b Oliver, Langford. The history of the island of Antigua. p. 90. 
  4. ^ a b Oliver, Langford. The history of the island of Antigua. p. 106. 
  5. ^ The history of the island of Antigua, one of the Leeward Caribbees in the West Indies, from the first settlement in 1635 to the present time. p. 12. 
  6. ^ The history of the island of Antigua, one of the Leeward Caribbees in the West Indies, from the first settlement in 1635 to the present time. p. 12. 
  7. ^ Oliver, Langford. The history of the island of Antigua. p. 123. 
  8. ^ Oliver, Langford. The history of the island of Antigua. p. 139. 
  9. ^ a b c d e f Parliamentary Papers, House of Commons and Command, Volume 31
  10. ^ a b c d e The British Imperial Calendar, 1844
  11. ^ The Colonial Office List
  12. ^ https://archive.org/stream/knightsofengland02shawuoft/knightsofengland02shawuoft_djvu.txt
  13. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/21920/page/3039/data.pdf
  14. ^ The Colonial Office List
  15. ^ a b The Royal Kalendar and Court and City Register for England, Scotland
  16. ^ a b A Catalogue of Notable Middle Templars:
  17. ^ The Colonial Office List
  18. ^ The Royal Kalendar, and Court and City Register for England, Scotland
  19. ^ https://en.wikisource.org/articles/Page:Alumni_Oxoniensis_%281715-1886%29_volume_2.djvu/323
  20. ^ https://archive.org/stream/knightsofengland02shawuoft/knightsofengland02shawuoft_djvu.txt
  21. ^ The history of the island of Antigua.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21934. p. 3466. 24 October 1856. Retrieved 2015-10-25.
  23. ^ a b c d Birch, Chris. The Milk Jug Was a Goat. 
  24. ^ http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/ref:odnb/95643
  25. ^ https://archive.org/stream/historyofislando03oliv/historyofislando03oliv_djvu.txt
  26. ^ http://www.vifamilies.org/images/Georges.doc
  27. ^ Sir Archibald Burt: First Chief Justice of Western Australia, 1861-1879
  28. ^ Sir Archibald Burt: First Chief Justice of Western Australia, 1861-1879
  29. ^ Parliamentary Papers, House of Commons and Command, Volume 17
  30. ^ Eyffinger, Arthur. The 1899 Hague Peace Conference: The Parliament of Man, the Federation of the World. p. 153. 
  31. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/8569/page/229/data.pdf
  32. ^ http://www.forgottenbooks.com/readbook_text/Annual_Register_1878_1000443258/637
  33. ^ https://en.wikisource.org/articles/Page:Men-at-the-Bar.djvu/236
  34. ^ Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students ..., Volume 2. p. 231. 
  35. ^ adb.anu.edu.au/biography/wrenfordsley-sir-henry-thomas-4890
  36. ^ http://www.mocavo.co.uk/Whos-Who-1914/302604/1463
  37. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/13390/page/410/data.pdf
  38. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/13873/page/1877/data.pdf
  39. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/Edinburgh/issue/14099/page/146/data.pdf
  40. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/33898/supplement/.../data.pdf
  41. ^ a b http://www.historicbasseterre.com/hs_persons.asp?HSID=3&PID=3
  42. ^ https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/36056/page/2739/data.pdf
  43. ^ The London Gazette: no. 39904. p. 3677. 3 July 1953. Retrieved 2015-10-13.
  44. ^ http://oxfordindex.oup.com/view/10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U161069
  45. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 42870. p. 2. 1 January 1963. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
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