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A cromlech

Cromlech (from Welsh crom, feminine form of crym "bent, curved" and llech "slab, flagstone"[1]) is a term used to describe prehistoric megalithic structures. The term is now virtually obsolete in archaeology, but remains in use as a colloquial term for two different types of megalithic monument.

In English it usually refers to dolmens, the remains of prehistoric stone chamber tombs.[2] However, it is widely used in French, Portuguese and Spanish to describe stone circles. Confusingly, some English-speaking archaeologists, such as Aubrey Burl, use this second meaning for cromlech in English too.[3]

In addition, the term is occasionally used to describe more complex examples of megalithic architecture, such as the Almendres Cromlech in Portugal.[4]

See also


Chambered cairn (cromlech) at Dyffryn Ardudwy, Gwynedd, Wales
  1. ^ Harper, Douglas. "cromlech". Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  2. ^ Anatoly Liberman (21 December 2009). A Bibliography of English Etymology: Sources and Word List. U of Minnesota Press.  
  3. ^ Aubrey Burl (28 February 2006). A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany: Second Edition. Yale University Press.  
  4. ^ Brian Haughton (19 March 2009). Haunted Spaces, Sacred Places: A Field Guide to Stone Circles, Crop Circles, Ancient Tombs, and Supernatural Landscapes: Easyread Super Large 20pt Edition.  

External links

  • Media related to at Wikimedia Commons
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