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Czardas

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Czardas

This article is about a type of folkdance. For the specific composition by Vittorio Monti, see Csárdás (Monti). For Csárdás compositions by Franz Liszt, see Csárdás (Liszt).
Csárdás
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Csárdás (/ˈɑrdæʃ/ or /ˈzɑrdəs/; Hungarian: [ˈtʃaːrdaːʃ]), often seen with the archaic spelling Czárdás, is a traditional Hungarian folk dance, the name derived from csárda (old Hungarian term for tavern). It originated in Hungary and was popularized by Romani music (Cigány) bands in Hungary and neighboring lands of Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Burgenland, Croatia, Ukraine, Poland, Transylvania and Moravia, as well as among the Banat Bulgarians, including those in Bulgaria.[2]

History

The origin of the Csárdás can be traced back to the 18th century Hungarian verbunkos, used as a recruiting dance by the Hungarian army.

The Csárdás is characterized by a variation in tempo: it starts out slowly (lassú) and ends in a very fast tempo (friss, literally "fresh"). There are other tempo variations, called ritka csárdás, sűrű csárdás and szökős csárdás. The music is in Template:Time signature or Template:Time signature time. The dancers are both male and female, with the women dressed in traditional wide skirts, usually colored red, which form a distinctive shape when they whirl.

Classical composers who have used csárdás themes in their works include Emmerich Kálmán, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Léo Delibes, Johann Strauss, Pablo de Sarasate, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and others. The csárdás from Strauss' operetta Die Fledermaus, sung by the character Rosalinde, is probably the most famous example of this dance in vocal music. One of the best-known instrumental csárdás is the composition by Vittorio Monti written for violin and piano. This virtuosic piece has seven tempo variations.

The original folk csárdás, as opposed to the later international variants, is enjoying a revival in Hungary thanks to the táncház movement.


See also

References

Bibliography

  • Sárosi, Bálint, Zigeunermusik (Gypsy Music), 1977

External links

  • StreetSwing's Dance History Archives: Czardas or Csárdás
  • Hungarian Lexikon
  • Hungarian csárdás – 1200 audiofiles
  • Hungarian csárdás – YouTube playlists
  • Youtube video (Csárdás begins @ 2:35)
  • Néptánc.lap.hu – Links
  • Youku video – performance by Trey Lee Chui-yee
  • Friss Czardas (fast Czardas)

Template:Hungarian Folk Music

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