World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004350327
Reproduction Date:

Title: Czardas  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Denis Petrov, Elena Bechke, Vincent Simone, List of national dances
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


This article is about a type of folkdance. For the specific composition by Vittorio Monti, see Csárdás (Monti). For Csárdás compositions by Franz Liszt, see Csárdás (Liszt).
File:USAFB Czardas.ogg

Problems playing this file? See media help.

Csárdás (/ˈɑrdæʃ/ or /ˈzɑrdəs/; Hungarian: [ˈtʃaːrdaːʃ]), often seen with the archaic spelling Czárdás, is a traditional Hungarian folk dance, the name derived from csárda (old Hungarian term for tavern). It originated in Hungary and was popularized by Romani music (Cigány) bands in Hungary and neighboring lands of Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Burgenland, Croatia, Ukraine, Poland, Transylvania and Moravia, as well as among the Banat Bulgarians, including those in Bulgaria.[2]


The origin of the Csárdás can be traced back to the 18th century Hungarian verbunkos, used as a recruiting dance by the Hungarian army.

The Csárdás is characterized by a variation in tempo: it starts out slowly (lassú) and ends in a very fast tempo (friss, literally "fresh"). There are other tempo variations, called ritka csárdás, sűrű csárdás and szökős csárdás. The music is in Template:Time signature or Template:Time signature time. The dancers are both male and female, with the women dressed in traditional wide skirts, usually colored red, which form a distinctive shape when they whirl.

Classical composers who have used csárdás themes in their works include Emmerich Kálmán, Franz Liszt, Johannes Brahms, Léo Delibes, Johann Strauss, Pablo de Sarasate, Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and others. The csárdás from Strauss' operetta Die Fledermaus, sung by the character Rosalinde, is probably the most famous example of this dance in vocal music. One of the best-known instrumental csárdás is the composition by Vittorio Monti written for violin and piano. This virtuosic piece has seven tempo variations.

The original folk csárdás, as opposed to the later international variants, is enjoying a revival in Hungary thanks to the táncház movement.

See also



  • Sárosi, Bálint, Zigeunermusik (Gypsy Music), 1977

External links

  • StreetSwing's Dance History Archives: Czardas or Csárdás
  • Hungarian Lexikon
  • Hungarian csárdás – 1200 audiofiles
  • Hungarian csárdás – YouTube playlists
  • Youtube video (Csárdás begins @ 2:35)
  • Néptá – Links
  • Youku video – performance by Trey Lee Chui-yee
  • Friss Czardas (fast Czardas)

Template:Hungarian Folk Music

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.