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Di (Chinese concept)

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Di (Chinese concept)

The Chinese character for .

Di (Chinese, p , w Ti, lit. "earth") is one of the oldest Chinese terms for the earth and a key concept or figure in Chinese mythology and religion. In Taoism and Confucianism, Di is often translated as "Earth" and is mentioned in relationship to its complementary aspect of Tian, most often translated as "Heaven".

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Views 2
    • Taoism 2.1
  • See also 3
  • References 4

Etymology

is the modern Mandarin Chinese pronunciation. The Old Chinese pronunciation has been reconstructed as *lˤej-s.[1]

The Chinese character is a phono-semantic compound, combining the radical ("earth", "dirt") with the (former) sound marker (Modern Chinese , Old Chinese *lajʔ[1]). As , it was one of the characters briefly affected by Wu Zetian's short-lived character reforms.

Views

Taoism

The dualism of Heaven and Earth are important to Taoist cosmology. They are thought to maintain the two poles of the Three Realms of reality, with the middle realm occupied by Humanity.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Baxter, Wm. H. & Sagart, Laurent. Baxter–Sagart Old Chinese Reconstruction PDF (1.93 MB), pp. 20 & 176. 2011. Accessed 11 October 2011.
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