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Discretionary spending

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Title: Discretionary spending  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Public finance, Mandatory spending, Fiscal policy, United States Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense, United States Senate Committee on Appropriations
Collection: Fiscal Policy, Public Finance
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Discretionary spending

In public finance, discretionary spending is government spending implemented through an appropriations bill.[1] This spending is an optional part of fiscal policy, in contrast to entitlement programs for which funding is mandatory.[2]

In the United States, discretionary spending refers to spending set on a yearly basis by decision of Congress. Such spending is usually authorized by Congress in another act. Provisions of an appropriations act that authorize spending are earmarks. When an authorization act also appropriates funds, it is called mandatory spending.

See also


  1. ^ "Budget Concepts". FY 2013 Budget of the United States Government (PDF). Analytical Perspectives. p. 137. 
  2. ^ Mandal, U.C. (1 January 2007). Dictionary Of Public Administration. Sarup & Sons. p. 140.  

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