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Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton

Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton
Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton by Ralph Earl, 1787
Born Elizabeth Schuyler
(1757-08-09)August 9, 1757
Albany, Province of New York
Died November 9, 1854(1854-11-09) (aged 97)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Spouse(s) Alexander Hamilton
Children 8
Parents Philip Schuyler
Catherine Van Rensselaer Schuyler

Elizabeth Hamilton (née Schuyler) (August 9, 1757 – November 9, 1854) was the wife of Alexander Hamilton. She was born in Albany, New York, the second daughter of Philip Schuyler, an American Revolutionary War general, and Catherine Van Rensselaer Schuyler. The Rensselaers of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck were one of the richest and most politically influential families in the state of New York. She was a sister of Angelica Schuyler Church.

Contents

  • Alexander Hamilton's wife 1
  • Surviving Hamilton 2
  • Children 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Alexander Hamilton's wife

In spring 1779, Alexander Hamilton asked his friend John Laurens to find him a wife in South Carolina:[1]

"She must be young—handsome (I lay most stress upon a good shape) Sensible (a little learning will do)—well bred. . . chaste and tender (I am an enthusiast in my notions of fidelity and fondness); of some good nature—a great deal of generosity (she must neither love money nor scolding, for I dislike equally a termagant and an economist)—In politics, I am indifferent what side she may be of—I think I have arguments that will safely convert her to mine—As to religion a moderate stock will satisfy me—She must believe in God and hate a saint. But as to fortune, the larger stock of that the better."

On December 14, 1780, Alexander Hamilton and Elizabeth Schuyler were married at "Farewell Address" and refusing to acknowledge his responsibility in the duel and sexual scandals of his life. James Monroe had accused Alexander of financial irregularities during the Reynolds affair. Steadfast until the end, Elizabeth demanded a complete apology, which Monroe would not give. Before his death, Monroe visited Elizabeth to reconcile their differences concerning her husband's reputation, but Hamilton gave the former president a cool reception and refused his apology.

Surviving Hamilton

Elizabeth (known as Eliza or Betsey) survived Hamilton by fifty years, dying in 1854. A religious woman, Eliza spent much of her life working to help widows and orphans. After Hamilton's death, she co-founded New York's first private orphanage, the New York Orphan Asylum Society.

Mrs. Hamilton was interred near her husband, in Trinity Churchyard at Wall Street and Broadway, in New York City.

Children

Elizabeth and Alexander Hamilton had eight children, though there is often confusion because two sons were named Philip:

  • Philip Schuyler (January 22, 1782 – November 23, 1801) Died in a duel, just as his father would three years later.
  • Angelica (September 25, 1784 - February 6, 1857)
  • Alexander, Jr. (May 16, 1786 - August 2, 1875)
  • James Alexander (April 14, 1788 – September 24, 1878)
  • John Church (August 22, 1792 - July 25, 1882)
  • William Stephen (August 4, 1797 - August 7, 1850)
  • Elizabeth (November 20, 1799 - October 17, 1859)
  • Philip (June 1, 1802 - July 9, 1884)

Notes

  1. ^ Mitchell vol 1 p 199

External links

  • "Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton".  Published in American National Biography
  • "Elizabeth Hamilton (1757-1854)".  PBS American Experience
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