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Francisco S. Carvajal

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Title: Francisco S. Carvajal  
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Subject: Supreme Court of Justice of the Nation justices, Salvador Alvarado, Francisco Javier Echeverría, José Ignacio Pavón, Mariano Arista
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Francisco S. Carvajal

Francisco Sebastián Carvajal y Gual

36th President of Mexico
In office
July 15, 1914 – August 13, 1914
Preceded by Victoriano Huerta
Succeeded by Venustiano Carranza
Personal details
Born (1870-12-09)December 9, 1870
Campeche, Campeche, Mexico
Died September 20, 1932(1932-09-20) (aged 61)
Mexico City
Nationality Mexican

Francisco Sebastián Carvajal y Gual (December 9, 1870 – September 20, 1932) was a Mexican lawyer and politician who served briefly as president in 1914. In his role as foreign minister, he succeeded Victoriano Huerta as president upon the latter's resignation.

Born in 1870 in Campeche, Carvajal studied jurisprudence. He occupied important positions in the administration of President Porfirio Díaz. On May 3, 1911 Díaz named him as his representative at the peace conference with constitutionalist rebel Francisco I. Madero. In 1913, after Victoriano Huerta had seized power from Madero, Huerta named him president of the Supreme Court. Later (10 July 1914), Huerta named him to the cabinet as foreign minister. When Huerta resigned on 15 July, Carvajal was legally next-in-line to the presidency.

During his month-long presidential term, he oversaw the transfer of power to Venustiano Carranza and his Constitutionalist Army. Carvajal left office on August 13, 1914 and Carranza was sworn in the following August 20.

Carvajal left for the United States. In New Orleans, he met and married Louise Martin. They had one child, Francisco Carvajal, on October 19, 1918. He returned to Mexico City in 1922 to take up his legal profession again and died there on September 20, 1932.


  • (Spanish) "Carvajal, Francisco," Enciclopedia de México, vol. 6. Mexico City, 1996, ISBN 1-56409-016-7.
  • (Spanish) García Puron, Manuel, México y sus gobernantes, v. 2. Mexico City: Joaquín Porrua, 1984.
  • (Spanish) Orozco Linares, Fernando, Gobernantes de México. Mexico
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