Gene yang

Gene Luen Yang (Chinese Traditional: 楊謹倫, Simplified: 杨谨伦[1], Pinyin: Yáng Jǐnlún; born August 9, 1973)[2] is a Chinese American writer of graphic novels and comics. He is currently the Director of Information Services and teaches computer science at Bishop O'Dowd High School in Oakland, California[3] and travels all over the world, speaking about graphic novels and comics at comic book conventions and universities, schools, and libraries.[4] Yang is also scheduled to join the faculty at Hamline University in July of 2012, as a part of the "Low-Residency Master of Fine Arts in Writing for Children and Young Adults (MFAC) program."[4]

Early life

Yang believes he was born in either Alameda, California or Fremont, California[3] and is the son of Chinese immigrants. His father immigrated from Taiwan and his mother from Hong Kong.[2] Yang's parents met at San Jose State University Library during graduate school[3] and both spent a great deal of time instilling in him a strong work ethic and reinforcing their Asian culture. In a speech at Penn State, where he spoke as a part of a Graphic Novel Speaker Series, Yang recalled that both of his parents always told him stories during his childhood.[5] This set the foundation for Yang's career in comics.

Yang was a part of a small Asian American minority in his elementary school. Yang says that he grew up wanting to be an animator for Disney. In third grade, he did a biographical report on Walt Disney, which is where, he jokes, his obsession started.[5] He says that this all changed in fifth grade when his mother took him to their local book store where she bought him his first comic book, DC Comics Presents Superman #57, a book she agreed to buy because Yang's first choice, Marvel Two-In-One #99 (May 1983), featured the characters Thing and Rom on the cover, which she thought looked too frightening.[5]

Yang attended the University of California, Berkeley for his undergraduate program. He wanted to major in art but his father encouraged him to pursue a more "practical" field so Yang majored in computer science with a minor in creative writing.[6] College was a time for Yang that he found himself much less of a minority. During this time, he began to question his faith but decided to make Jesus his focus during his freshman year.[3]

Career

After graduating in 1995, Yang went to work as a computer engineer for two years. However, after a five day silent retreat, he realized he was meant to teach and left his job as an engineer to teach computer science at a high school.

In 1997, Yang first published comic Gordon Yamamoto and the King of the Geeks under his own imprint,

In 2006, Yang published

Yang's other works have been recognized as well. In 2009, Yang was awarded another Eisner Award for best short story for his collaborative work The Eternal Smile which he wrote and Derek Kirk Kim illustrated.[4] Yang was nominated for Eisner Awards for both Prime Baby and his collaborative work Level Up.[10] Yang is currently writing the Avatar: The Last Airbender comics series for Dark Horse Comics, the first volume of which was released in January 2012.[7] Yang recently finished his new graphic novel, Boxers & Saints, which will be published by First Second Books in September of 2013.

Yang is an advocate of the use of comics and graphic novels as educational tools in the classroom. He wrote his final project for his master's degree at California State, Hayward over this topic in which he emphasizes the educational strength of comics claiming they are motivating, visual, permanent, intermediary, and popular.

American Born Chinese

American Born Chinese was released by First Second Books in 2006. The first story line is Yang's contemporary rendition of the Chinese story of a Kung Fu practicing Monkey King of Flower-Fruit Mountain, The Monkey King, and his journey to the west. Yang, a Catholic,[3] replaces the Buddha, from the original story, with a Christian influenced deity Tze-Yo-Tzuh. Throughout the story, The Monkey King is unhappy with himself as a monkey and continually tries to become another version of himself. Tze-Yo-Tzuh tries to help The Monkey King accept himself. When The Monkey King refuses Tze-Yo-Tzuh imprisons him under a mountain of rocks. A monk named Jiang Tao is sent by Tze-Yo-Tzuh on a mission to carry three packages to the west and is to pick up his disciple, The Monkey King, on his journey. He finds The Monkey King imprisoned under the mountain of rocks and frees him from the mountain by convincing The Monkey King to return to his true form.

The second story line follows an American-born Chinese boy, named Jin Wang, who moves to a suburban where he goes to school with only two other Asian students. Jin struggles with his Chinese identity and begins to reject it when he meets a new Asian student, Wei-Chen. Wei-Chen is a Taiwanese[11]/Chinese immigrant who just came to the United States and he and Jin become best friends. Jin begins dating a Caucasian girl in his class and her friend Gregg asks Jin not to ask her out any more because he felt she needed to protect her image. Jin perceives this as a personal attack on him because of his race and becomes angry. Angry and confused, he kisses Wei-Chen's girlfriend and they have a falling out. That evening, Jin recalls the fight he had with Wei-Chen and convinces himself that Wei-Chen deserved it. That night, Jin has a dream about a Chinese woman he had met when he was younger. She had told him that he could be anything he wanted if he was willing to give up his soul. He awakens the next morning and looks in the mirror to see himself as a Caucasian boy and he changes his name to Danny.

The third story line follows Danny, the "All American boy"[11] and his Chinese cousin Chin-Kee, who comes to visit every year. Danny is embarrassed by his cousin Chin-Kee, who is depicted in traditional queue and buck-teeth, because he is Chinese. At the end of this narrative, we learn that Chin-Kee is really The Monkey King. The Monkey King then proceeds to tell Danny that his son Wei-Chen was sent to live among the mortals without sin for forty years but that he had changed and no longer wanted to follow in the footsteps of his father. That is when The Monkey King decided to visit Danny. Danny realized that the reason Wei-Chen fell into sin was his fault and as he realizes this, he turns back into Jin Wang. The Monkey King gives Jin Wang a card with an address on it and Jin Wang goes there to make amends with Wei-Chen.

Although Yang draws from experiences in his past to write these narratives, they are not autobiographical.[15]

Selected works

  • Animal Crackers (2004) Featuring Gordon Yamamoto and the king of the Geeks and Loyola Chin and the San Peligran Order
  • American Born Chinese (First Second Books, 2006)
  • The Eternal Smile (2009)
  • The Rosary Comic Book (Pauline Books & Media)
  • Prime Baby (2010)
  • Level Up (First Second Books, 2011)
  • Avatar: The Last Airbender – The Promise (Dark Horse Comics, 2012)
  • "Avatar: The Last Airbender - The Search"
  • Boxers and Saints. (First Second Books, 2013 ISBN 1596439246), Two novels set during the Boxer Uprising, Boxers describes the "bands of foreign missionaries and soldiers" who "roam the countryside bullying and robbing Chinese peasants." Little Bao, "harnessing the powers of ancient Chinese gods," recruits an army of Boxers, "commoners trained in kung fu who fight to free China from 'foreign devils.'" [16] Saints concerns an unwanted and unwelcome fourth daughter, Four-Girl, who finally finds friendship in Christianity. But bands of young men roam the countryside, murdering Westerners and Chinese Christians alike. She will have to decide whether she is willing to die for her faith. [17]

Anthologies

  • Up All Night (Harper Collins) – 14-page short story
  • Secret Identities (The New Press) – 12-page short story
  • Strange Tales II (Marvel Comics) – four-page short story
  • Nursery Rhyme Comics (First Second Books) – one-page short story

See also

References

  • Gene Yang at the Comic Book DB

External links

  • San Francisco Chronicle, May 11, 2008
  • Interview with Gene Luen Yang, Kartika Review

  • Article on 'The Eternal Smile,' Hyphen magazine

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