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Golconda, Illinois

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Title: Golconda, Illinois  
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Golconda, Illinois

Golconda, Illinois
City
Presbyterian Church in Library in Golconda
Country United States
State Illinois
County Pope
Coordinates
Area 0.50 sq mi (1 km2)
 - land 0.49 sq mi (1 km2)
 - water 0.01 sq mi (0 km2)
Population 726 (2000)
Density 1,287.0 / sq mi (497 / km2)
Timezone CST (UTC-6)
 - summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Postal code 62938
Area code 618
Location of Golconda within Illinois
Location of Golconda within Illinois
Wikimedia Commons:

Golconda is a city in and the county seat of Pope County, Illinois, United States,[1] located along the Ohio River. The population was 726 at the 2000 census. Most of the city is part of the Golconda Historic District.

Geography

Golconda is located at (37.363844, -88.486792).[2]

According to the 2010 census, the city has a total area of 0.50 square miles (1.3 km2), of which 0.49 square miles (1.3 km2) (or 98.00%) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.026 km2) (or 2.00%) is water.[3]

Demographics

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 726 people, 330 households, and 163 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,287.0 people per square mile (500.6/km²). There were 418 housing units at an average density of 741.0 per square mile (288.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.45% White, 0.96% African American, 0.41% Native American, 0.28% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 2.34% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.41% of the population.

There were 330 households out of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 50.6% were non-families. 48.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 27.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.98 and the average family size was 2.86.

In the city the population was spread out with 20.4% under the age of 18, 6.6% from 18 to 24, 22.7% from 25 to 44, 21.2% from 45 to 64, and 29.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 77.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.0 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $19,000, and the median income for a family was $34,375. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $16,146 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,698. About 18.3% of families and 25.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 43.1% of those under age 18 and 18.4% of those age 65 or over.

History

First permanent settlement in Golkonda[5] in India.

Some 13,000 Cherokees crossed the Ohio River here by ferry as part of the famous "Trail of Tears" to Oklahoma, around December 3, 1838. Here the starving Indians were charged a dollar a head (equal to $20.56 today) to cross the river on "Berry's Ferry" which typically charged twelve cents, equal to $2.47 today. They were not allowed passage until the ferry had serviced all others wishing to cross and were forced to take shelter under "Mantle Rock," a shelter bluff on the Kentucky side, until "Berry had nothing better to do". Many died huddled together at Mantle Rock waiting to cross. Several Cherokee were murdered by locals. The killers filed a lawsuit against the U.S. Government through the courthouse in Vienna, suing the government for $35 a head (equal to $719.47 today) to bury the murdered Cherokee.

In 1840, the Buel House, a single-family home owned by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency, was built.[6] Among the many historic buildings built in the latter half of the 19th century is the First Presbyterian Church (built in 1869). It is the oldest continuous Presbyterian congregation in Illinois. The church was organized in 1819.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  3. ^ "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files for Places – Illinois". United States Census. Retrieved 2012-05-03. 
  4. ^ "American FactFinder".  
  5. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 139. 
  6. ^ "Buel House".  

External links

  • http://www.visitgolconda.com/
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