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Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche

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Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche

Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche
and family
Joseph (seated right) and his family,
prior to their voyage on the Titanic
Born Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche
(1886-05-26)May 26, 1886
Cap-Haïtien, Haiti
Died April 15, 1912(1912-04-15) (aged 25)
Atlantic Ocean
Occupation Engineer

Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche (26 May 1886 – 15 April 1912) was a Paris-educated Haitian engineer. He was the only passenger of known African ancestry on the ill-fated voyage of the RMS Titanic. [1] [2] [3] He put his pregnant French wife and their two daughters onto a lifeboat; they survived, but he did not.[1] Joseph's daughter, Louise Laroche (2 July 1910 – 28 January 1998) was one of the last remaining survivors of the sinking of the RMS Titanic on April 15, 1912.

LaRoche, a three-act opera by Atlanta composer Sharon J. Willis is based on his life and was part of the 2003 National Black Arts Festival, premiering at the Callanwolde Fine Arts Center on July 18 of that year. [4][5]

Louise Laroche (Daughter)
(pictured above, sitting on father's lap, right)
Born (1910-07-02)2 July 1910
Paris, France
Died 28 January 1998(1998-01-28) (aged 87)
Paris, France
Parents Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche and Juliette Marie Louise Lafargue

Early life

At the age of 15, Joseph was sent to Beauvais, France to study. After graduating with an engineering degree, he married a French woman named Juliette Lafargue.[1] However, he was unable to find work matching his qualifications due to the color of his skin in a racist society.[1] Tired of living off of his wine seller father-in-law, he decided to return to Haiti with his growing family. His uncle, Cincinnatus Leconte, the President of Haiti,[1] arranged a job for him as a math teacher.

Simonne Marie Anne Andrée Laroche was born in Paris, France, 1909;[6] followed by her sister, Louise Laroche, born on 2 July 1910.

Voyage

The family planned to leave France in late 1912, but Juliette discovered she was pregnant for a third time, and Joseph decided to bump up their travel arrangements so the child could be born in Haiti.

Joseph's mother purchased first class passage for the family aboard the liner SS France. The Laroches learned of the French Line's policy stipulating that children were required to remain in the nursery and were not permitted to dine with their parents. Disapproving of this policy, they exchanged their tickets for a second-class passage aboard the RMS Titanic.[1] [4] [6]

The Titanic was too large for the harbour at Cherbourg, France, and White Star Line tenders transported the passengers boarding from Cherbourg out to the ship aboard the SS Nomadic.[6] The family boarded as second-class passengers on April 10, 1912.

Aboard Titanic

Shortly after the RMS Titanic struck the iceberg at 11:40 p.m. on April 14, Joseph woke Juliette and told her that the ship had suffered an accident. He put all of their valuables in his pockets, and he and his wife carried each of their sleeping daughters to the ship's deck. It is not known for sure which lifeboat Juliette and her daughters boarded, although Juliette remembered a countess being in her lifeboat. There was a countess Noël Leslie, Countess of Rothes, on board the ship who escaped in lifeboat 8, so it is likely that Juliette, Simonne and Louise all escaped aboard this lifeboat. Joseph died in the sinking of the Titanic; his body was never recovered.[6]

Later in the morning of April 15, Juliette and her daughters were rescued by the RMS Carpathia. The two young sisters were hauled up to the its deck in burlap bags. On board the Carpathia, Juliette found it very hard to get linens which she could use as diapers for her children. Since there were none to spare, Juliette improvised and at the end of each meal she would sit on napkins, conceal them and make diapers out of them after returning to the cabin.[6] The Carpathia arrived in New York City, New York on April 18. Since there was no one to meet Juliette and her daughters, Juliette decided not to continue to Haiti. Instead, she returned to her family in Villejuif, France. The family arrived the next month, and it was there that Juliette gave birth to her son who she named Joseph, in honour of his late father.[6]

Louise, later years

In March 1995, Louise stepped aboard the SS Nomadic for the first time since 1912 when it carried her family to the Titanic from Cherbourg, France. She was joined by fellow Titanic survivor Millvina Dean.[6] That same year, Louise was present as the Titanic Historical Society dedicated a stone marker in Cherbourg commemorating Titanic passengers who sailed from its port.[7]

Louise Laroche died on 28 January 1998 at the age of 87. Her death left eight remaining Titanic survivors.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f Hughes, Zondra (June 2000). "What Happened To The Only Black Family On The TITANIC".  
  2. ^ "Joseph Philippe Lemercier Laroche" (2014) Encyclopedia Titanica (ref: #486, accessed 1 March 2014)
  3. ^ Kent, W. Mae. "Laroche, Joseph Phillipe Lemercier (1889-1912)". BlackPast.org. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Gresham, Mark (July 17, 2003). "Women and children first".  
  5. ^ LaRoche. Extra ( 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Miss Louise Laroche". Titanic Historical Society. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Mendez, Olivier; "The last French Lady - Mademoiselle Louise Laroche, A Titanic survivor", The Titanic Commutator, Volume 19, number 2, 2nd quarter, August–October 1995, pp. 40—48

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