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Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha

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Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha

Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha mansion (yalı) in Kandilli, Boğaziçi, İstanbul, acquired in 1840 and largely extended by the Pasha and owned today by his descendants

Kıbrıslı Mehmed Emin Pasha ("Mehmed Emin Pasha the Cypriot"; 1813–1871), was an Ottoman statesman of Turkish Cypriot origin who served at the top post of grand vizier during three different times under the reign of the sultan Abdülmecid I. His uncle was in charge of Mahmud II's private treasury, secured him for palace service while he was young, and he then entered the Hassa regiment (1833–1834). He then studied abroad, in France,at the Sultan's expense. He served in a military capacity, as serasker, in Acre (1844–1845), Jerusalem (1845–1847; during which time he suppressed a serious Bedouin revolt), Tirnova (1847), and then Belgrade (1847–1848). During this period, many rumours circulated about his mismanagement practices, but they were dismissed by the Sultan as gossip. He was appointed as a vizier in 1848.

In 1850–51, Mehmed Emin served as governor of the Eyalet of Aleppo, at the end of which he was appointed müşir (field marshal), in the province of Syria.[1]

His periods of administration were for the first term between 29 May and 23 November 1854, the second term between 18 November 1859 and 24 December 1859, and for the last term between 28 May 1860 and 6 August 1861. As such, he was also the last grand vizier under Abdülmecid. He is not to be confused with a notable and contemporary namesake, Emin Pasha, the explorer of Sudan, a German Jewish possible convert to Islam who had entered the service of the Ottoman Empire, or with other past notables of the same name (see Mehmed Emin Pasha (disambiguation)).

Like many other prominent Ottoman statesmen of the Tanzimat period, Mehmed Emin Pasha rose from the Dragoman's office (Turkish: Tercüme Odası), largely Turkified by the 19th century, and climbing through the foreign office of the Ottoman Empire, held consecutive ambassadorial and governorship posts.

Mehmed Emin Pasha died in his yalı in Kandilli, Istanbul, in 1871.

After his death, his first wife, Melek Hanım, wrote her memoirs of the harem, in the 19th century context of that institution, as well as a controversial account of the high spheres of the Ottoman society, published in New York in 1874, treating much the same period as the memoirs of Leyla Saz, written much later in the 1920s.

See also

References

  1. ^ Stanford J.Shaw, History of the Ottoman Empire and Modern Turkey, Cambridge University Press, 1977 vol.2 p.70
Preceded by
Mustafa Naili Pasha
Grand Vizier
30 May 1854 - 24 November 1854
Succeeded by
Mustafa Reshid Pasha
Preceded by
Mehmed Emin Ali Pasha
Grand Vizier
8 October 1859 - 24 December 1859
Succeeded by
Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Preceded by
Mehmed Rushdi Pasha
Grand Vizier
24 May 1860 - 6 August 1861
Succeeded by
Mustafa Reshid Pasha
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