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Karlin (Hasidic dynasty)

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Subject: Hasidic Judaism, Dov Ber of Mezeritch, Lithuanian Jews, Tammuz (Hebrew month), List of Hasidic dynasties, Maggid, Elazar Shach, Slonim (Hasidic dynasty), Yitzhak Aharon Korff, Simchat Beit HaShoeivah
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Karlin (Hasidic dynasty)

Karlin-Stolin is a Hasidic dynasty originating with Rebbe Aaron the Great of Karlin in present-day Belarus. Karlin was one of the first centres of Hasidim to be set up in Lithuania.

Today the Karliner dynasty is thriving once again after being decimated by the Holocaust. Karlin-Stolin Hassidim can be found all over the world: Israel, America, Russia, England, Mexico and Ukraine.

The Karliner Hasidim are especially known for their custom to cry out in a strong and loud voice to God when praying. They are also known for their hospitality.

Karlin-Stolin Hasidim established themself in Eretz Yisrael in the mid-19th century, settling in Tiberias, Hebron and Safed. In 1869 they redeemed the site of a former synagogue in Tiberias which had been built in 1786 by Rabbi Menachem Mendel of Vitebsk but was destroyed in the Galilee earthquake of 1837. Construction of the new synagogue started in 1870 and was possible by collection of funds from the diaspora. This synagogue, still in use today, stands in the cluster of Ancient synagogues of Tiberias. It was during this time that Karlin-Stolin Hasidim settled in Jerusalem, and by 1874 they had established the Beth Aaron Synagogue in the old city.

Today, the Karlin-Stoliner Rebbe Boruch Meir Yaakov Shochet resides in Givat Ze'ev, a Jerusalem-affiliated Israeli settlement northwest of Jerusalem. Most of the Karlin-Stolin Hasidim reside in and near Jerusalem, there are also Synagogues in Beitar Illit, Bnei Brak, Kiryat Sefer, Brachfeld, Safed, and Tiberias — as well as in the USA, in Boro Park, Monsey, New York, and Lakewood, New Jersey; and in London, England, and in Ukraine.

The Rebbe's younger brother also lives in Jerusalem and is known as the Loitzker Rebbe. The Loitzker Rebbe established a hasidic court only with the permission of his brother, the Karlin-Stoliner Rebbe.

In Jerusalem, some of the Karliner Hasidim wear the traditional garb of Jerusalem Haredim on Shabbat, the golden caftan.

Outline of Lineage of Karliner Dynasty

The founder of the dynasty, Rebbe Aharon the Great, was a disciple of the Maggid of Mezritch, who was a disciple of the Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidism.

  • Rebbe Aaron HaGadol (The Great) of Karlin (1736–1772) - author of the Sabbath hymn Kah Ekhsof
    • (Rebbe Shlomo HaLevi of Karlin (1738–1792) - son of Rabbi Meir HaLevi - disciple of the Maggid and of Rebbe Aaron HaGadol)
      • Rebbe Asher Perlow (the first) of Stolin (1760–1826) - son of Rebbe Aaron HaGadol and disciple of Rebbe Shlomo of Karlin.
        • Rebbe Aaron (the second) Perlow of Karlin (1802–1872) - author of Beis Aharon - son of Rebbe Asher, he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Mordechai of Kremnitz.
          • Rebbe Asher (the second) Perlow of Stolin (d. 1873) - son of the Beis Aharon; by his third marriage he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Elimelech of Grodzhisk.
            • Rebbe Yisrael Perlow of Stolin, "The Frankfurter" (because he is buried in Frankfurt) a.k.a. the Yenuka of Stolin (1868–1921) - son of Rebbe Asher the second; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Dovid of Zlatipola.
              • Rebbe Moshe Perlow of Stolin (d. 1942) - son of the Yenuka; son-in-law of Rabbi Pinchos of Kantikuziva.
              • Rebbe Avrohom Elimelech Perlow of Karlin (was rebbe in Israel and went back to Europe) (killed 1942) - son of the Yenuka; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Mordechai Yoseph of Zlatipola.
              • Rebbe Yaakov Chaim Perlow of Stolin ("The Detroiter") (d. 1946) - rebbe in New York and would frequent the Stoliner community in Detroit; buried in Detroit - son of the Yenuka; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Avrohom Yehoshua Heshel Of Chernobyl Tchidonov.
              • Rabbi Aaron Perlow of Stolin (d. 1942) - son of the Yenuka; he was the son-in-law of Rabbi Nosson Dovid Rabbinowitz of Partzev.
              • Rabbi Asher Perlow of Stolin (d. 1942) - son of the Yenuka.
              • Rebbe Yochanan Perlow (1900–1956) of Stolin Loitzk - later the Grand Rebbe of Karlin-Stolin in America - author of the Karliner Prayer Book Siddur Beis Aharon V'Yisrael - youngest son of the Yenuka; he was the son in law of Rabbi Shimon Shloima of Olyka, he was survived by his daughter Rebitzen Feiga who was married to Rabbi Ezra Shochet, they were the parents of the present day Rebbe.
                • Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov Shochet (born 1955) - grandson of Rebbe Yochanan Perlow - present Karlin-Stolin Rebbe in Givat Ze'ev. Rebbe Baruch Meir Yaakov Shochet is the son-in-law of Rabbi Moshe David Steinwurtzel - Rosh Yeshiva of the Bobover Yeshiva in N.Y.
                • Rebbe Yochanan Shochet - grandson of Rebbe Yochanan - present Loitzker Rebbe in Jerusalem, son-in-law of Rabbi Yisrael Yair Danziger of Aleksander.

Main books of the Karliner chasidim

The main Hasidic book of the Karliner chasidim is Beis Aharon, composed by the Chassidim (followers) of the Rebbe Aharon II of Karlin from his talks.

The current version of the prayer-book used by Karliner Hasidim is called Beis Aharon V'Yisrael. It is the second published prayer-book ever produced by Karliner Chassidim; the first was published in New York City by the Rebbe Reb Yochanan Perlow of Karlin-Stolin.

See also

External links

  • Official website of Yeshiva Karlin Stolin
  • English Translation of a Yiddish Teaching by R. Aaron of Karlin
  • Hasidim in Pinsk and Karlin - Karlin Hasidism
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