World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García

Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García

Defense Secretary of Guatemala
In office
1972–1973
President General Carlos Arana Osorio

President of Guatemala
In office
July 1, 1974 (1974-07-01) – July 1, 1978 (1978-07-01)
Preceded by Carlos Arana Osorio
Succeeded by Fernando Romeo Lucas Garcia
Personal details
Born (1930-01-24)January 24, 1930
Died December 9, 2009(2009-12-09) (aged 79)


Brigadier General Kjell Eugenio Laugerud García (24 January 1930 – 9 December 2009) was President of Guatemala from 1 July 1974 to 1 July 1978. He was the son of a Norwegian father and Guatemalan mother.

Laugerud received part of his military training in the United States, attending classes at Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. He served as Guatemalan delegate to the Inter-American Defense Board between 1968 and 1970.[1]

Laugerud had been chief of the army staff and defense minister under President Carlos Arana since 1972, then was elected president in a March 1974 vote that was marred by violence and charges of fraud. His candidature had been endorsed by both the military-backed Institutional Democratic Party and the far right National Liberation Movement. During his term, Guatemala experienced a disastrous earthquake in 1976, and had continuing disputes with neighboring Belize. In 1977, after the Carter administration published a report critical of the human rights situation in Guatemala, Laugerud announced that the country would no longer accept US military aid. Guatemala did in fact receive funds that had already been appropriated for that year, and later turned to other nations, such as Israel, Spain, Belgium, Sweden, Taiwan, and Yugoslavia for military aid and arms supplies.[2]

Just before the end of his term, Laugerud was also faced with the consequences of a stand-off between Kekchi Indians and the military in Panzós, in which 53 unarmed civilians were killed by the Army, and another 47 were wounded.[3]

In 1983, Laugerud and three other ex-presidents were forced to retire from the army.

References

  1. ^ United States. Southern Command. Brigadier General (Ret.) Kjell Laugerud Garcia. February 1976. Digital National Security Archive (DNSA).
  2. ^ http://shr.aaas.org/guatemala/ceh/mds/spanish/cap1/reorg.html#Ref198
  3. ^ http://assets.cambridge.org/052184/083X/excerpt/052184083X_excerpt.htm

External links

  • Capsule biography From Rulers.org; search for "Laugerud"
  • Guatemala Memoria del Silencio Historical Clarification Commission (Guatemala's Truth Commission) on 1971-78 (in Spanish)
Government offices
Preceded by
Carlos Arana
President of Guatemala
1974–1978
Succeeded by
Romeo Lucas García


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.