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Lenoir, North Carolina

Lenoir, North Carolina
City
Main Street in downtown Lenoir
Main Street in downtown Lenoir
Motto: "Where the High Country Begins"
Location of Lenoir, North Carolina
Location of Lenoir, North Carolina
Coordinates:
Country United States
State North Carolina
County Caldwell
Government
 • Type Council-Manager
 • Mayor Joseph L. Gibbons (Democratic)[1]
 • Mayor Pro Tem T. J. Rohr (Libertarian)[2]
 • Governing body Lenoir City Council
Area
 • Total 19.7 sq mi (50.9 km2)
 • Land 19.7 sq mi (50.9 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,168 ft (356 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 18,228
 • Density 928/sq mi (358.3/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 28633, 28645
Area code(s) 828 Exchanges: 757,758,759
FIPS code 37-37760[3]
GNIS feature ID 1021132[4]
Website .com.cityoflenoirwww

Lenoir (pronounced la-NORE) is a city in Caldwell County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 18,228 at the 2010 census.[5] It is the county seat of Caldwell County.[6] Lenoir is located in the Blue Ridge foothills. To the northeast are the Brushy Mountains, a spur of the Blue Ridge Mountains. Hibriten Mountain, located just east of the city limits, marks the western end of the Brushy Mountains range.

Lenoir is one of the principal cities in the Hickory-Lenoir-Morganton, NC Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Nat'l. Register of Historic Places listings 1.1
    • Awards 1.2
  • Economy 2
  • Geography 3
  • Demographics 4
  • Education 5
  • Sports clubs/teams 6
  • Recreation 7
  • Media 8
  • Highways 9
  • Notable people 10
    • Baseball players 10.1
  • References 11
  • External links 12

History

The city was named for Revolutionary War general and early North Carolina statesman William Lenoir,[7] who settled north of present-day Lenoir. His restored home, Fort Defiance, is a tourist attraction.[8]

Nat'l. Register of Historic Places listings

In addition to Fort Defiance, the Caldwell County Courthouse, Lenoir Downtown Historic District, Lenoir Grammar School, Lenoir High School, Mary's Grove, and Edgar Allan Poe House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[9][10]

Awards

Lenoir was one of the recipients of the 2008 All-America City Award.[11]

Economy

The Broyhill Furniture company, one of the largest furniture companies in the United States and part of Heritage Home Group (KPS Capital Partners), recently closed its headquarters in Lenoir. Furniture in general has historically been one of the city's largest employers. The Bernhardt, Kincaid, and Fairfield furniture companies are also located in or around Lenoir. However, in the 1990s, these companies began changing their business models to reflect consumer trends, and they have closed several of Lenoir's furniture factories. Recent consolidations of area furniture facilities (Thomasville, Taylorsville, North Wilkesboro, etc.) have netted modest gains in positions in the industry around Lenoir. Now the medical and education sectors are the largest employers in the area.

Google, Inc. has a server farm, or "data center", located in Lenoir.[12] There was controversy over the nature, amount, and potential benefits of economic development incentives that the City of Lenoir, Caldwell County, and the State of North Carolina gave Google in 2007 to induce the company to build the server farm.[13][14] The less celebrated benefits of the investment have been construction employment and spending, a small-time server farm investment just outside downtown, Dacentec, as well as local charitable and educational endeavors by Google.

Wholesale nurseries shipping large balled and burlap plants to landscapers in larger metropolitan areas have been a strong source of employment over the last 75 years. Companies such as Roger Coffey and Sons Nursery have seen an increase in sales over the last three years. Valley View Nursery is a third generation nursery that is carrying on the tradition of high quality trees and shrubs that are shipped directly to high end residential homes across the East Coast and upper Midwest. Local nurseries employ around two percent of the local population.

Geography

Lenoir is located southeast of the center of Caldwell County at (35.908438, -81.530012).[15] It is bordered to the south by the towns of Hudson and Cajah's Mountain, and to the southwest by the town of Gamewell.

The city is at the intersection of U.S. Highways Boone and southeast 17 miles (27 km) to Hickory.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.7 square miles (50.9 km2), all land.[5] The city is in the valley of Lower Creek, between the Brushy Mountains to the east and the Blue Ridge Mountains to the west. Lower Creek flows southwest to the Catawba River valley.

Demographics

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 16,793 people, 6,913 households, and 4,569 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,013.7 people per square mile (391.3/km²). There were 7,461 housing units at an average density of 450.4 per square mile (173.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.88% White, 14.71% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.67% Asian, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 2.27% from other races, and 1.13% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.25% of the population.

There were 6,913 households out of which 27.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.9% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.3% from 45 to 64, and 18.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,369, and the median income for a family was $37,280. Males had a median income of $26,122 versus $21,895 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,697. About 10.4% of families and 14.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.4% of those under age 18 and 12.7% of those age 65 or over.

Education

  • Hibriten High School: a 3-A school located in Lenoir
  • West Caldwell High School: a 2-A school located on the border of Lenoir in Gamewell
  • South Caldwell High School: a 4-A school located in Hudson
  • Caldwell Early College High School: a 2014 National Blue Ribbon school created in partnership with North Carolina New Schools
  • Caldwell Career Center Middle College

Sports clubs/teams

  • Lenoir Youth Soccer Association /Lenoir Force (LYSA Force), a travel soccer team in Lenoir[18]
  • Caldwell County Youth Football League[19]
  • Post 29 Youth Baseball
  • Carolina Express Basketball

Recreation

The 18-hole Lenoir Golf Club in Lenoir features 6,385 yards of golf, with a course rating of 71.3 and a slope rating of 125, on Bermuda grass. The course opened in 1928 as a nine hole course, was redesigned by Donald Ross in 1945, and was expanded to 18 holes in 1961.[20]

Media

The Presbyterian Layman, a publication of the Presbyterian Lay Committee independent of the denomination, is published in Lenoir.

Confederate memorial in the Lenoir town square

Highways

North Carolina Hwy 18 enters the city of Lenoir as Wilkesboro Boulevard, and runs concurrent with US 64 through the heart of the city. The combined routes cross US 321 (Hickory Boulevard), turn left onto Morganton Boulevard, cross US 321 Bus. (Norwood Street), and continue through downtown.

Notable people

Baseball players

References

  1. ^ http://www.cityoflenoir.com/index.asp?Type=B_DIR&SEC={1CA70C5A-23F8-482B-95FB-049F0A451DFA}
  2. ^ "T.J. Rohr".  
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder".  
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names".  
  5. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lenoir city, North Carolina". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 185. 
  8. ^ Fort Defiance
  9. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  10. ^ "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Featured Property: Lenoir Downtown Historic District. National Park Service. 
  11. ^ All-America City award winners announced
  12. ^ http://www.google.com/datacenter/lenoir/
  13. ^ Hickory Daily Record, April 15, 2007, reprinted on NC Department of Commerce site
  14. ^ Data Center Knowledge: The Economic Impact of A Data Center
  15. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990".  
  16. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  18. ^ http://www.lenoiryouthsoccer.com/
  19. ^ http://www.caldwellcountyyouthfootball.org/
  20. ^ Lenoir Golf Club Homepage Retrieved 2015-07-05

External links

  • City of Lenoir official website
  • Caldwell County Public Library
  • : Lenoir, Carolina CommunityNC Spin
  • magazine-Tarheel Town: LenoirOur State
  • Caldwell Heritage Museum
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