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List of United States Senators from Illinois

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Title: List of United States Senators from Illinois  
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Subject: List of living former United States Senators, List of United States Senators who were born or died in the 1960s, Stephen A. Douglas, 15th United States Congress, 21st United States Congress
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List of United States Senators from Illinois

Illinois was admitted to the Union on December 3, 1818, and has been represented in the United States Senate by 47 senators. Senators from Illinois are elected to Class 2 and Class 3.

The Senate twice refused to seat Frank L. Smith, in December 1926 for an appointed term and in March 1927 for an elected one, due to corruption, but he is included in this list because Smith and the Governor considered him to be a senator for approximately two years.

Three of the seven African Americans to hold U.S. Senate seats since Reconstruction have held Illinois's Class 3 seat.

Class 2

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 Jesse B. Thomas Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 4, 1829
1 Elected in 1818
Crawford
Democratic-
Republican
2 Re-elected in 1823

Retired
2 John McLean Democratic March 4, 1829 –
October 14, 1830
3 Elected in 1829

Died
3 David J. Baker Democratic November 12, 1830 –
December 11, 1830
Appointed to continue McLean's term

Retired
4 John M. Robinson Jacksonian December 11, 1830 –
March 4, 1841
Elected to finish McLean's term
Democratic 4 Re-elected in 1835

Retired
5 Samuel McRoberts Democratic March 4, 1841 –
March 27, 1843
5 Elected in 1841

Died
6 James Semple Democratic December 4, 1843 –
March 4, 1847
Appointed to finish McRoberts's term

Retired
7 Stephen A. Douglas Democratic March 4, 1847 –
June 3, 1861
6 Elected in 1847
7 Re-elected in 1853
8 Re-elected in 1859

Died
8 Orville Browning Republican June 26, 1861 –
January 12, 1863
Appointed to continue Douglas's term

Lost election to finish Douglas's term
9 William A. Richardson Democratic January 12, 1863 –
March 4, 1865
Elected to finish Douglas's term

Retired
10 Richard Yates Republican March 4, 1865 –
March 4, 1871
9 Elected in 1864

Retired
11 John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1871 –
March 4, 1877
10 Elected in 1870

Lost re-election
12 David Davis Independent March 4, 1877 –
March 4, 1883
11 Elected in 1876

Retired
13 Shelby Moore Cullom Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 4, 1913
12 Elected in 1882
13 Re-elected in 1888
14 Re-elected in 1894
15 Re-elected in 1900
16 Re-elected in 1906
14 J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 26, 1913 –
March 4, 1919
17 Elected in 1912

Lost re-election
15 Joseph M. McCormick Republican March 4, 1919 –
February 25, 1925
18 Elected in 1918

Died[1]
16 Charles S. Deneen Republican February 26, 1925 –
March 4, 1931
Appointed to finish McCormick's term[1]
19 Elected in 1924

Lost renomination
17 J. Hamilton Lewis Democratic March 4, 1931 –
April 9, 1939
20 Elected in 1930
21 Re-elected in 1936

Died
18 James M. Slattery Democratic April 14, 1939 –
November 21, 1940
Appointed to continue Lewis's term

Lost special election
19 Charles W. Brooks Republican November 22, 1940 –
January 3, 1949
Elected to finish Lewis's term
22 Re-elected in 1942

Lost re-election
20 Paul Douglas Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
23 Elected in 1948
24 Re-elected in 1954
25 Re-elected in 1960

Lost re-election
21 Charles H. Percy Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1985
26 Elected in 1966
27 Re-elected in 1972
28 Re-elected in 1978

Lost re-election
22 Paul Simon Democratic January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1997
29 Elected in 1984
30 Re-elected in 1990

Retired
23 Dick Durbin Democratic January 3, 1997 –
Present
31 Elected in 1996
32 Re-elected in 2002
33 Re-elected in 2008
34 Re-elected in 2014
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

Class 3

# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history
1 Ninian Edwards Democratic-
Republican
December 3, 1818 –
March 3, 1824
1 Elected in 1818
2 Re-elected in 1819

Resigned
2 John McLean Democratic November 24, 1824 –
March 3, 1825
Elected to finish Edwards's term

Retired
3 Elias Kane Democratic March 4, 1825 –
December 12, 1835
3 Elected in 1825
4 Re-elected in 1831

Died
4 William Lee D. Ewing Democratic December 30, 1835 –
March 3, 1837
Appointed to finish Kane's term

Lost election
5 Richard M. Young Democratic March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1843
5 Elected in 1837

Retired
6 Sidney Breese Democratic March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1849
6 Elected in 1843

Lost renomination
7 James Shields Democratic October 27, 1849 –
March 3, 1855
7 Elected in 1849
Not seated[2]
Elected to finish his own term

Lost re-election
8 Lyman Trumbull Democratic March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1873
8
Elected in 1855


Republican

9 Re-elected in 1861
10 Re-elected in 1867
Liberal
Republican
9 Richard J. Oglesby Republican March 4, 1873 –
March 3, 1879
11 Elected in 1873

Retired
10 John A. Logan Republican March 4, 1879 –
December 26, 1886
12 Elected in 1879
13 Re-elected in 1885

Died
11 Charles B. Farwell Republican January 19, 1887 –
March 3, 1891
Elected to finish Logan's term

Retired
12 John M. Palmer Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1897
14 Elected in 1890

Retired
13 William E. Mason Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1903
15 Elected in 1896

Retired
14 Albert J. Hopkins Republican March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1909
16 Elected in 1902

Lost re-election
15 William Lorimer Republican June 18, 1909 –
July 13, 1912
17 Elected late in 1909

Election voided
16 Lawrence Y. Sherman Republican March 26, 1913 –
March 3, 1921
Elected to finish Lormer's term
18 Re-elected in 1914

Retired
17 William B. McKinley Republican March 4, 1921 –
December 7, 1926
19 Elected in 1920

Died[3]
18 Frank L. Smith Republican December 7, 1926 19 Appointed to continue McKinley's term[3]

Not seated/resigned[4]
20
19 Otis F. Glenn Republican December 3, 1928 –
March 3, 1933
Elected to finish Smith's term

Lost re-election
20 William H. Dieterich Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1939
21 Elected in 1932

Retired
21 Scott W. Lucas Democratic January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1951
22 Elected in 1938
23 Re-elected in 1944

Lost re-election
22 Everett Dirksen Republican January 3, 1951 –
September 7, 1969
24 Elected in 1950
25 Re-elected in 1956
26 Re-elected in 1962
27 Re-elected in 1968

Died
23 Ralph Tyler Smith Republican September 17, 1969 –
November 3, 1970
Appointed to continue Dirksen's term

Lost special election
24 Adlai Stevenson III Democratic November 17, 1970 –
January 3, 1981
Elected to finish Dirksen's term
28 Re-elected in 1974

Retired
25 Alan J. Dixon Democratic January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
29 Elected in 1980
30 Re-elected in 1986

Lost renomination
26 Carol Moseley Braun Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1999
31 Elected in 1992

Lost re-election
27 Peter Fitzgerald Republican January 3, 1999 –
January 3, 2005
32 Elected in 1998

Retired
28 Barack Obama Democratic January 3, 2005 –
November 16, 2008
33 Elected in 2004

Resigned to become U.S. President
29 Roland Burris Democratic January 12, 2009 –
November 29, 2010
Appointed to continue Obama's term

Retired
30 Mark Kirk Republican November 29, 2010 –
Present
Elected to finish Obama's term[5]
34 Elected to the full term in 2010
# Senator Party Years Term Electoral history

Living former Illinois senators

As of July 2014, five former senators are alive, all from Class 3.

Senator Term Date of birth (and age)
Adlai Stevenson III 1970 – 1981 (1930-10-10) October 10, 1930
Carol Moseley Braun 1993 – 1999 (1947-08-16) August 16, 1947
Peter Fitzgerald 1999 – 2005 (1960-10-20) October 20, 1960
Barack Obama 2005 – 2008 (1961-08-04) August 4, 1961
Roland Burris 2008 – 2010 (1937-08-03) August 3, 1937

Notes

  1. ^ a b Deneen defeated McCormick for the Republican nomination in 1924 and won the subsequent general election. McCormick died shortly before the end of his term, so Deneen was appointed to replace him.
  2. ^ Shields was not seated because he had not been a citizen for the required nine years. He reached that mark on October 21, 1949, so his subsequent election was accepted by the Senate.
  3. ^ a b Smith defeated McKinely for the Republican nomination in 1926 and won the subsequent general election. McKinley died shortly before the end of his term, so Smith was appointed to replace him.
  4. ^ When Smith presented his credentials to serve the remainder of McKinely's term, the Senate refused to seat him based on what it saw as an election rife with fraud and corruption. When Smith returned with his credentials for the term he was elected to, the Senate again refused to seat him for the same reasons. Smith and the Governor considered him to be the rightful senator, but he resigned in February 1928. The Senate does not consider him to have been a senator.
  5. ^ Kirk was elected to fill the remainder of Barack Obama's term in a special election held the same day as the general election for the next term, which he also won.

See also

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