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List of agnostics

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Title: List of agnostics  
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Subject: Agnosticism, Agnostic atheism, Nontheism, Humanistic naturalism, Ignosticism
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List of agnostics


Listed here are persons who have identified themselves as theologically agnostic. Also included are individuals who have expressed the view that the veracity of a god's existence is unknown or inherently unknowable.


Thomas Huxley, coiner of the term agnostic.

Activists and authors

"Being an agnostic means all things are possible, even God, even the Holy Trinity. This world is so strange that anything may happen, or may not happen. Being an agnostic makes me live in a larger, a more fantastic kind of world, almost uncanny. It makes me more tolerant."
"Most students ... wish to know whether I believe in the existence of God or in immortality, and if so why. They regard it impossible to leave these matters unsettled – or at least extremely detrimental to religion not to have the basis of such conviction. Now for my part I do not find it impossible to leave them open.... I can describe myself as no ardent theist or atheist."


Media, arts


Idealistic agnostics

Unclassified philosophers-agnostics

Politics and law

Science, technology

Celebrities and athletes

See also


  1. ^ Nicholas Von Hoffman (2010). Radical: A Portrait of Saul Alinsky. Nation Books. pp. 108–109.  
  2. ^ Charles E. Curran (2011). The Social Mission of the U.S. Catholic Church: A Theological Perspective. Georgetown University Press. p. 32.  
  3. ^ Deal Wyatt Hudson (1987). Deal Wyatt Hudson, Matthew J. Mancini, ed. Understanding Maritain: Philosopher and Friend. Mercer University Press. p. 40.  
  4. ^ Sandra Miesel (1978). Against Time's Arrow: The High Crusade of Poul Anderson. Borgo Press. p. 11.  
  5. ^ Piers Anthony. "Piers Anthony Interview". Retrieved 13 May 2012. I am agnostic because I feel each person should make up his own mind about his religion. 
  6. ^  
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Peter Baehr (2010). Hannah Arendt, Totalitarianism, and the Social Sciences. Stanford University Press. p. 66.  
  9. ^ "They were both agnostics, though both set a high associative value on the language in which the traditional religions of their forebears had been expressed, and in conversation and writing were not averse to ironic reference to certain metaphysical concepts." Anthony Cronin, Samuel Beckett: the last modernist (1999), page 90.
  10. ^ "Contrary to McWilliams's claim, however, in the public arena Bierce was not merely an agnostic but a staunch unbeliever regarding the question of Jesus' divinity." Donald T. Blume, Ambrose Bierce's Civilians and soldiers in context: a critical study, page 323.
  11. ^ I. Shenker (6 April 1971). "Borges, a Blind Writer With Insight". New York Times. 
  12. ^ Henry Cadbury, "My Personal Religion", republished on the Quaker Universalist Fellowship website.
  13. ^ David Simpson writes that Camus affirmed "a defiantly atheistic creed." Albert Camus (1913–1960), The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, 2006, (Retrieved 14 June 2007).
  14. ^ Haught, James A. (1996). 2,000 Years of Disbelief: Famous People with the Courage to Doubt. Prometheus Books. pp. 261–262.  
  15. ^ "I have recently argued that this linguistic indeterminacy, or as J. Hillis Miller terms it, undecidability, places Carlyle as a perhaps unwilling and yet important contributor to the upsurge of an anti- religious agnosticism that would set in motion the demise of orthodox belief both prophesied and dreaded by Nietzsche." Paul E. Kerry, Marylu Hill, Thomas Carlyle Resartus: Reappraising Carlye's Contribution to the Philosophy of History, Political Theory, and Cultural Criticism (2010), page 69.
  16. ^ Sophia A. McClennen (2009). Ariel Dorfman: An Aesthetics of Hope. Duke University Press. p. 94.  
  17. ^ Golgotha Pres (2011). The Life and Times of Arthur Conan Doyle. BookCaps Study Guides.  
  18. ^ "To be clear, in all the annals of American and African American history, one will probably not find another agnostic as preoccupied with and as familiar with so much biblical, religious, and spiritual rhetoric as WEB Du Bois." Brian Johnson, W.E.B. Du Bois: Toward Agnosticism, 1868-1934, page 3.
  19. ^ "Q&A: Bart Ehrman: Misquoting Jesus". Archived from the original on 2007-06-13. Retrieved 31 May 2007. 
  20. ^ V.Bernet (23 April 2008). "Agnostic's questions have biblical answers". Kansas City Star. In the church of his youth in Lawrence, Kansas, with nearly every pew at capacity last week, Bart D. Ehrman, chairman of the department of religious studies at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, announced that he was an agnostic. He joked that atheists think agnostics are wimpy atheists and that agnostics think atheists are arrogant agnostics. 
  21. ^ David G. Riede (2005). Allegories Of One's Own Mind: Melancholy In Victorian Poetry. Ohio State University Press. p. 188.  
  22. ^ "To be sure, when she wrote her groundbreaking book, Friedan considered herself an "agnostic" Jew, unaffiliated with any religious branch or institution." Kirsten Fermaglich, American Dreams and Nazi Nightmares: Early Holocaust Consciousness and Liberal America, 1957-1965 (2007), page 59.
  23. ^  
  24. ^ Ramesh Chopra (2005). Academic Dictionary Of Philosophy. Gyan Books. p. 142.  
  25. ^ "...Gorky - a religious agnostic praised as a social realist by the communist regime during the demise of imperial Russia..." James Redmond, Drama and Philosophy, page 161.
  26. ^ "Gorky had long rejected all organized religions. Yet he was not a materialist, and thus he could not be satisfied with Marx's ideas on religion. When asked to express his views about religion in a questionnaire sent by the French journal Mercure de France on April 15, 1907, Gorky replied that he was opposed to the existing religions of Moses, Christ, and Mohammed. He defined religious feeling as an awareness of a harmonious link that joins man to the universe and as an aspiration for synthesis, inherent in every individual." Tova Yedlin, Maxim Gorky: A Political Biography, page 86.
  27. ^ Geoffrey Harvey (2003). The Complete Critical Guide to Thomas Hardy. Routledge. p. 23.  
  28. ^ Seyyed Hossein Nasr (2006). Islamic Philosophy from Its Origin to the Present: Philosophy in the Land of Prophecy. SUNY Press. pp. 166–167.  
  29. ^ J. Neil Schulman (1999). "Job: A Comedy of Justice Reviewed by J. Neil Schulman". Robert Heinlein Interview: And Other Heinleiniana. Pulpless.Com. p. 62.  
  30. ^ Carole M. Cusack (2010). Invented Religions: Imagination, Fiction and Faith. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 57.  
  31. ^ Joseph Heller, Adam J. Sorkin (1993). Adam J. Sorkin, ed. Conversations With Joseph Heller. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 75.  
  32. ^ Alexander Herzen, Kathleen Parthé, Robert Neil Harris (2012). A Herzen Reader. Northwestern University Press. p. 367.  
  33. ^ Harold Bloom, ed. (2003). Aldous Huxley. Infobase Publishing. p. 27.  
  34. ^ During an interview on his book The Year of Living Biblically with George Stroumboulopoulos on the CBC Program 'The Hour' Jacobs states "I'm still an agnostic, I don't know whether there's a god."[2]
  35. ^ "Neither Joyce's agnosticism nor his sexual libertinism were known to his mentors at Belvedere and he remained to the end a Prefect of the Sodality of Mary." Bruce Stewart, James Joyce (2007), page 14.
  36. ^ "Kafka did not look at writing as a “gift” in the traditional sense. If anything, he considered both his talent for writing and what he produced as a writer curses for some unknown sin. Since Kafka was agnostic or even an atheist, it is best to assume his sense of sin and curse were metaphors." Franz Kafka - The Absurdity of Everything,
  37. ^ "Kafka was also alienated from his own heritage by his parent's perfunctory religious practice and minimal social formality in the Jewish community, though his style and influence is sometimes attributed to Jewish folk lore. Kafka eventually declared himself a socialist atheist, Spinoza, Darwin and Nietzsche some of his influences." C.D. Merriman, Franz Kafka.
  38. ^ James F. Lea (1979). Kazantzakis: the politics of salvation. University of Alabama Press. p. 180.  
  39. ^ Lewis Owens (2003). Creative Destruction: Nikos Kazantzakis and the Literature of Responsibility. Mercer University Press. p. 22.  
  40. ^ "Keats shared Hunt's dislike of institutionalized Christianity, parsons, and the Christian belief in man's innate corruption, but, as an unassertive agnostic, held well short of Shelley's avowed atheism." John Barnard, John Keats, pages 38-39.
  41. ^ Ralph Ellis. Mary Magdalene. Edfu Books Ltd. p. 223.  
  42. ^ Janusz Korczak (1978). Ghetto diary. Holocaust Library. You know I am an agnostic, but I understood: Pedagogy, tolerance, and all that. 
  43. ^ Chris Mullen (March 7, 1983). "Korczak's Children: Flawed Faces in a Warsaw Ghetto". The Heights. p. 24. Retrieved 25 August 2013. An assimilated Jew, he changed his name from Henryk Goldschmidt and was an agnostic who did not believe in forcing religion on children. 
  44. ^ The Month, Volume 39. Simpkin, Marshall, and Company. 1968. p. 350. When Dr. Janusz Korczak, a Jewish philanthropist and agnostic, voluntarily chooses to follow the Jewish orphans under his care to the Nazi extermination camp in Treblinka... 
  45. ^ Noack, Hans-Joachim (15 January 1996). "Jeder Irrwitz ist denkbar Science-fiction-Autor Lem über Nutzen und Risiken der Antimaterie (engl: Each madness is conceivable Science-fiction author Lem about the benefits and risks of anti-matter)".  
  46. ^ "Lucretius did not deny the existence of gods either, but he felt that human ideas about gods combined with the fear of death to make human beings unhappy. He followed the same materialist lines as Epicurus, and by denying that the gods had any way of influencing our world he said that humankind had no need to fear the supernatural." Ancient Atheists.
  47. ^ Markose Abraham (2011). American Immigration Aesthetics: Bernard Malamud and Bharati Mukherjee As Immigrants. AuthorHouse. p. 146.  
  48. ^ "When asked what he would do if on his death he found himself facing the twelve apostles, the agnostic Mencken answered, "I would simply say, 'Gentlemen, I was mistaken.'"" American Experience; Monkey Trial; People & Events: The Jazz Age, PBS Online, 1999-2001. Retrieved 28 July 2007.
  49. ^ Catherine Patricia Riesenman (1966). The early reception of Thomas Mann's "Doktor Faustus": history and main problems. Indiana University. p. 158. Mann's "agnostic humanism" admits the existence of God as an incontestable fact but refuses a dogmatic definition of the nature of God (p. 77). 
  50. ^ "Nabokov is a self-affirmed agnostic in matters religious, political, and philosophical." Donald E. Morton, Vladimir Nabokov (1974), page 8.
  51. ^ "O'Neill, an agnostic and an anarchist, maintained little hope in religion or politics and saw institutions not serving to preserve liberty but standing in the way of the birth of true freedom." John P. Diggins, Eugene O'Neill's America: desire under democracy (2007), page 130.
  52. ^ "The religion of Larry Niven, science fiction author". 28 July 2005. Retrieved 27 September 2011. 
  53. ^ Fernando Pessoa, Richard Zenith (2002). The Selected Prose of Fernando Pessoa. Grove Press.  
  54. ^ "Marcel Proust was the son of a Christian father and a Jewish mother. He himself was baptized (on 5 August 1871, at the church of Saint-Louis d'Antin) and later confirmed as a Catholic, but he never practiced that faith and as an adult could best be described as a mystical atheist, someone imbued with spirituality who nonetheless did not believe in a personal God, much less in a savior." Edmund White, Marcel Proust: A Life (2009).
  55. ^ Finch, Alison. The Oxford Companion to French Literature: Marcel Proust. Oxford University Press.  
  56. ^ David M. Bethea (1998). Realizing Metaphors: Alexander Pushkin and the Life of the Poet. Univ of Wisconsin Press. p. 12.  
  57. ^ Adel Iskander, Hakem Rustom (2010). Edward Said: A Legacy of Emancipation and Representation. University of California Press.  
  58. ^ John Cornwell (2010). Newman's Unquiet Grave: The Reluctant Saint. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 128.  
  59. ^ Antonio Monda (2007). Do You Believe?. Vintage. pp. 141, 146. I am an agnostic...I began not to believe in the existence of God when I was in high school. 
  60. ^ Helen M. Buss, D. L. Macdonald, Anne McWhir (2001). Mary Wollstonecraft and Mary Shelley: Writing Lives. Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press. p. 141.  
  61. ^ Broder, John M.; Shane, Scott (June 15, 2013). "For Snowden, a Life of Ambition, Despite the Drifting". The New York Times. Retrieved June 15, 2013. Toward the end of 2003, Mr. Snowden wrote that he was joining the Army, listing Buddhism as his religion (“agnostic is strangely absent,” he noted parenthetically about the military recruitment form). He tried to define a still-evolving belief system. “I feel that religion, adopted purely, is ultimately representative of blindly making someone else’s beliefs your own.” 
  62. ^  
  63. ^ Patrick A. McCarthy (1982). Olaf Stapledon. Twayne.  
  64. ^ Jackson J. Benson (1984). The true adventures of John Steinbeck, writer: a biography. Viking Press. p. 248.  
  65. ^ "It must be extremely consoling, he admitted, to have faith in religion, yet even for an agnostic, like himself, life held many beautiful realities - the art of Raphael or Titian, the prose of Voltaire and the poetry of Byron in Don Juan." F. C. Green, Stendhal (2011), page 200.
  66. ^ Robert Crossley (1994). Olaf Stapledon: Speaking for the Future. Syracuse University Press. p. 388.  
  67. ^  
  68. ^ CBC News reports that Templeton "eventually abandoned the pulpit and became an agnostic." Journalist, evangelist Charles Templeton dies
  69. ^ "The Modern Spirit". Thucydides. Taylor & Francis. 1925. p. 16. Thucydides' own attitude towards the gods is that of a well-poised agnostic : If there be any, they do not concern themselves with human affairs. 
  70. ^ Joseph Mali (2003). "1". Mythistory: The Making of a Modern Historiography. University of Chicago Press. p. 19.  
  71. ^ Mary Frances Williams (1998). Ethics in Thucydides: The Ancient Simplicity. University Press of America. p. 6.  
  72. ^ "For example, Leonard Schapiro, Turgenev, His Life and Times (New York: Random, 1978) 214, writes about Turgenev's agnosticism as follows: "Turgenev was not a determined atheist; there is ample evidence which shows that he was an agnostic who would have been happy to embrace the consolations of religion, but was, except perhaps on some rare occasions, unable to do so"; and Edgar Lehrman, Turgenev's Letters (New York: Knopf, 1961) xi, presents still another interpretation for Turgenev's lack of religion, suggesting literature as a possible substitution: "Sometimes Turgenev's attitude toward literature makes us wonder whether, for him, literature was not a surrogate religion - something in which he could believe unhesitatingly, unreservedly, and enthusiastically, something that somehow would make man in general and Turgenev in particular a little happier."" Harold Bloom, Ivan Turgenev, pages 95-96.
  73. ^ "In one of our walks about Hartford, when he was in the first fine flush of his agnosticism, he declared that Christianity had done nothing to improve morals and conditions..." William Dean Howells, My Mark Twain [3].
  74. ^ "William Dean Howells and Mark Twain had much in common. They were agnostic but compassionate of the plight of man in an indifferent world..." Darrel Abel (2002), Classic Authors of the Gilded Age, iUniverse, ISBN 0-595-23497-6
  75. ^ "At the most, Mark Twain was a mild agnostic, usually he seems to have been an amused Deist. Yet, at this late date his own daughter has refused to allow his comments on religion to be published." Kenneth Rexroth, "Humor in a Tough Age;" The Nation, 7 March 1959. [4]
  76. ^ Adam Bruno Ulam (2002). Understanding the Cold War: A Historian's Personal Reflections (2 ed.). Transaction Publishers. p. 24.  
  77. ^ "Warraq, 60, describes himself now as an agnostic..." Dissident voices, World Magazine, 16 June 2007, Vol. 22, No. 22.
  78. ^ Mary Virginia Brackett, Victoria Gaydosik (2006). The Facts on File Companion to the British Novel: Beginnings through the 19th century. Infobase Publishing. p. 479.  
  79. ^ Wiesel, Elie (2000). And the Sea Is Never Full: Memoirs, 1969-. Random House Digital, Inc.  
  80. ^ Wilson explains that he is agnostic about everything in the preface to his book Cosmic Trigger.
  81. ^  
  82. ^ "biography of David Yallop". True Knowledge BETA - The Internet Answer Engine. True Knowledge. 2012. Retrieved 5 May 2012. 
  83. ^ The Herald, "Why did this "saint" fail to act on sinners within his flock?", Anne Simpson, 26 May 2007
  84. ^ Evenhuis, Anthony (1998). Messiah Or Antichrist?: A Study of the Messianic Myth in the Work of Zola. University of Delaware Press.  
  85. ^ "The 400 Richest Americans: #322 Leslie Alexander". 21 September 2006. Retrieved March 30, 2011. 
  86. ^ Faces of the New Atheism: The Scribe, by Nicholas Thompson, Wired Magazine, Issue 14.11, November 2006 (Retrieved 30 November 2006).
  87. ^ "The first Nobel Peace Prize went, in 1901, to Henri Dunant. Dunant was the founder of the Red Cross, but he could not become its first elective head-so it is widely believed- because of his agnostic views." Oscar Riddle, The Unleashing of Evolutionary Thought (2007), page 343.
  88. ^ "Devoutly Calvinist for most of his life, but became bitter and disdainful toward religion in his latter years.", Henry Dunant.
  89. ^ Elon Musk. "Going to Mars with Elon Musk". The Henry Ford. Retrieved 14 July 2013. Well, I do. Do I think that there's some sort of master intelligence architecting all of this stuff? I think probably not because then you have to say: "Where does the master intelligence come from?" So it sort of begs the question. So I think really you can explain this with the fundamental laws of physics. You know its complex phenomenon from simple elements. 
  90. ^ "Elon Musk and Rainn Wilson discuss colonizing Mars, global warming, and the fear of failure". Retrieved 14 July 2013. Wilson: "What do you worship?" Musk: "Well, I don’t really worship anything, but I do devote myself to the advancement of humanity, uh, using technology." Wilson: "Can science and religion coexist?" Musk: "Probably not." Wilson: "Do you pray?" Musk: "I didn't even pray when I almost died of Malaria." 
  91. ^ Sellers, Patricia (19 November 2013). "Ted Turner at 75". CNN. 
  92. ^ On his religious beliefs: ANNO: "I don't belong to any kind of organized religion, so I guess I could be considered agnostic. Japanese spiritualism holds that there is kami (spirit) in everything, and that's closer to my own beliefs." Anno's Roundtable Discussion.
  93. ^ "I was religious when I was younger. I was Catholic, raised Catholic. I had certain issues about that. I consciously lapsed. I made a conscious decision to avoid it. I'm agnostic. I'm not saying I don't have faith; I absolutely have faith but don't necessarily have faith in God. I have faith in humanity." Guardian's' Simon Baker refocuses anger of youth into busy career by Luane Lee, Scripps Howard News Service, 2 January 2003.
  94. ^ "The oh-so-Jewy-looking Baruchel is a quarter Jewish, at least half Catholic, exposed to both religions, but now agnostic.", 7 February 2011. [5]
  95. ^ Monica Bellucci. "". Monica Bellucci. Retrieved 12 June 2012. I am an agnostic, even though I respect and am interested in all religions. If there's something I believe in, it's a mysterious energy; the one that fills the oceans during tides, the one that unites nature and beings. 
  96. ^ Interview with Penn Jillette in which he mentions his agnosticism.
  97. ^ Raphael Shargel (2007). Ingmar Bergman: Interviews. Univ. Press of Mississippi. p. 174.  
  98. ^ "'God Bless America,' a favorite song of believers, was written by Irving Berlin. It now turns out that Berlin was an agnostic. In Freethought Today (Madison, Wisconsin, Freedom From Religion Foundation, May 2004) Dan Barker documents that Berlin, the son of a Jewish cantor, was an agnostic, that 'patriotism was his religion.'" Warren Allen Smith, Gossip from Across the Pond: Articles Published in the United Kingdom's Gay and Lesbian Humanist, 1996-2005, page 106.
  99. ^ INTERVIEW: Padre, Padre: Mexico's Native Son Gael Garcia Bernal Stars in the Controversial "The Crime of Father Amaro"
  100. ^ Jack Huberman (2008). The Quotable Atheist. Nation Books.  
  101. ^ Jan Swafford (2012). Johannes Brahms: A Biography. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 620.  
  102. ^ Chris Tinker (2005). Georges Brassens And Jacques Brel: Personal And Social Narratives In Post-war Chanson. Liverpool University Press. p. 37.  
  103. ^ "His life partner, Peter Pears, would describe Britten as “an agnostic with a great love for Jesus Christ." Benjamin Britten (1913 – 1976)
  104. ^ Andrew Ford (2011). Illegal Harmonies: Music in the Modern Age (3 ed.). Black Inc. p. 77.  
  105. ^ Jeremy Begbie, Steven R. Guthrie, ed. (2011). Resonant witness: conversations between music and theology. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. pp. 192–193.  
  106. ^ Mervyn Cooke (1996). Britten: War Requiem. Cambridge University Press. p. 16.  
  107. ^ Bradley Bambarger (23 Jan 1999). "Classical - Keeping Score". Billboard. p. 40. Although an agnostic myself," says English composer Gavin Bryars, "I find that the conventions of religion — the rituals — can be very consoling. If you have ever been to a secular funeral, you know that they tend to be chaotic things. 
  108. ^ "Actress Rose Byrne on ‘Knowing’ Religion & the End of the World" in [6] "Yeah, I'd say I'm agnostic".
  109. ^ Dick Cavett (February 7, 2007). "Ghost Stories". The New York Times Company. Retrieved 30 June 2013. I’m not an atheist exactly, but remain what you might call “suggestible.” (Is there a category of almost-atheist? A person who does not have the courage of his nonconvictions? I guess Woody Allen has, as so often, had the ultimate comic word on the subject. “You cannot prove the nonexistence of God; you just have to take it on faith.”) 
  110. ^ Charles Chaplin, Jr. My Father, Charlie Chaplin. pp. 239–240. "I'm not an atheist," I can remember him saying on more than one occasion. "I'm definitely an agnostic. Some scientists say that if the world were to stop revolving we'd all disintegrate. But the world keeps on going. Something must be holding us all in place--some Supreme Force. But what it is I couldn't tell you. 
  111. ^ Howard Pollack (1999). Aaron Copland:: The Life and Work of an Uncommon Man. University of Illinois Press. p. 28.  
  112. ^ Robert Descharnes, Gilles Néret (1994). Salvador Dalí, 1904-1989. Benedikt Taschen. p. 166.  
  113. ^ Philip DeFranco. "WORST BUG BITE EVER?!". The Philip DeFranco Show. YouTube. 
  114. ^
  115. ^ Nicholas Ballasy (27 January 2011). "Actor Richard Dreyfuss: ‘If There’s a God,’ Politically Uncivil ‘Guys Are in Trouble’". Retrieved 28 April 2012. “But I’m an agnostic,” Dreyfuss added. “I’m willing to be surprised, but I’m an agnostic. But if there’s a God and he’s morally involved in our affairs, those guys are in trouble.” 
  116. ^ Akela Reason (2010). Thomas Eakins and the Uses of History. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 119.  
  117. ^ Amy Beth Werbel (2007). Thomas Eakins: Art, Medicine, and Sexuality in Nineteenth-Century Philadelphia. Yale University Press. p. 37.  
  118. ^ Kathleen A. Foster, Mark Bockrath (1997). Thomas Eakins Rediscovered: Charles Bregler's Thomas Eakins Collection at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. Yale University Press. p. 233.  
  119. ^ Sidney Kirkpatrick (2006). The Revenge of Thomas Eakins. Yale University Press. p. 55.  
  120. ^ Zac Efron & Nikki Blonsky's Secret Off Screen Romance? By Tina Sims, The National Ledger, 1 August 2007 (Retrieved 25 March 2008)
  121. ^ "I was raised agnostic, so we never practiced religion..." "Zac Efron - the new American hearthrob", Strauss, Neil Rolling Stone, 23 August 2007, p. 43.
  122. ^  
  123. ^ Émile Vuillermoz, Steven Smolian (1969). Gabriel Fauré. Chilton Book Co. p. 74. We have just said that Faure was not a religious man. He was incapable of intolerance or sectarianism, but his agnosticism was complete. 
  124. ^ Richard L. Smith, Caroline Potter, ed. (2006). French music since Berlioz. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 174.  
  125. ^ "Henry Fonda claims to be an agnostic. Not an atheist but a doubter." Howard Teichmann, Fonda: My Life, page 303.
  126. ^ In response to the question "Do you believe in God?", Fox said "I would love to, but I wonder sometimes what he believes in. Religion seems to have been created by man to help and guide humankind. I've no idea, really.""Analyse this: Inside the mind of actress Emilia Fox". 
  127. ^ Neil Gaiman (January 1989). Neil Gaiman interviewed by Steve Whitaker. FA #109. pp. 24–29. I think we can say that God exists in the DC Universe. I would not stand up and beat the drum for the existence of God in this universe. I don't know, I think there's probably a 50/50 chance. It doesn't really matter to me. 
  128. ^ Astor, Michael (16 March 2007). "Brazilian pop star Gil tours U.S.".  
  129. ^ Steven Dillon (2004). Derek Jarman and Lyric Film: The Mirror and the Sea. University of Texas Press. p. 20.  
  130. ^ See , Volume 19, Number 3Free Inquiry magazine"Sidelines" section of , which references a quote from New York Times Magazine, 12-27-98.
  131. ^ "Mr. Penthouse,seminarian?"
  132. ^ Bayan Northcott. "Gustav Holst". Retrieved 12 May 2013. For Holst, the function of the composer was not so much to express his or her personality as to serve as a kind of supra-personal receptor to potentially musical impulses from all around, and, not least – though Holst himself seems to have remained essentially agnostic – from above. 
  133. ^ About Holst. Barnes Music Festival. 2012. Retrieved 12 May 2013. Both musicians were agnostic and flirted with atheism. 
  134. ^ "He [Humphrys] went looking for God and ended up an angry agnostic – unable to believe but enraged by the arrogance of militant atheists." In God we doubt, John Humphrys The Sunday Times, 2 September 2007 (Retrieved 1 April 2008)
  135. ^
  136. ^ Yudkoff, Alvin Gene Kelly: A Life of Dance and Dreams, Watson-Guptill Publications: New York, NY (1999) pages 58–59
  137. ^ "When we got married, I said, 'Look, since I'm agnostic, I have no right to tell you not to teach them what you believe. But give them an opening.' So if they ever ask me, I'd tell them the same thing I'm telling you: 'I don't buy that God, I don't know if there's an afterlife.' Pogrebin, Abigail (2005). Stars of David: Prominent Jews Talk About Being Jewish. New York: Broadway. pp. 318–322.  
  138. ^ I. Harb and M. Košir (20 November 2009). "Slovenci niso pobijali tjulnjev, ampak sami sebe (Slovenians Didn't Kill Seals, They Killed Each Other - interview with Janez Lapajne)". Delo - priloga Vikend - Lapajne said: "First of all, I do not want to belong to any ideological group, which is probably understandable for an agnostic." ("Najprej, ne želim pripadati nobeni ideološki skupini, kar je za agnostika verjetno razumljivo."). 
  139. ^ "Does faith play a big role in your life?" Cloris Leachman: Not in a God, no. I am an atheist. I'm not even atheist. I don't think any of us has the answer. I'm an agnostic."
  140. ^ The Onion: "Is there a God?" Stan Lee: "Well, let me put it this way... [Pauses.] No, I'm not going to try to be clever. I really don't know. I just don't know." Is There A God, The A.V. Club, 9 October 2002.
  141. ^ Green, Thomas. "Q&A: Musician Lemmy Kilmister". The Art Desk. Retrieved 7 July 2012. 
  142. ^ Lennox, Annie (18 December 2010). "Annie Lennox on the Secret History of Christmas Songs". The Wall Street Journal (Dow Jones). Retrieved 24 December 2010. 
  143. ^ "The closest word I’ve found to describe [my] belief system is Pantheism, but I could also call myself an agnostic (because I don’t claim to know if my own conception of divinity is ultimately true) or an atheist (because I believe that religions based around personified deities are definitely not true)." — The Universe According to Lynx (30 June 2007), Soundtrack for Insurrection, Retrieved 21 October 2007.
  144. ^ Jacques Meuris (1994). René Magritte, 1898-1967. Benedikt Taschen. p. 70.  
  145. ^ Maher said "I'm not convinced that God exists. But I do allow the possibility. I'm not an atheist. I'm open... My view on spirituality is I don't know. I never will as long as I'm alive. So why waste time dwelling on something I can never know?" See Transcript from Larry King Live - 11 August 2005.
  146. ^ "It is particularly poor salesmanship for Ms. Raabe to cite Mahler's supposed conversion from Judaism to Catholicism. In both law and common understanding, a choice made under duress is discounted as lacking in free will. Mahler converted as a mere formality under compulsion of a bigoted law that barred Jews from directorship of the Vienna Hofoper. Mahler himself joked about the conversion with his Jewish friends, and, no doubt, would view with bitter amusement the obtuseness of Ms. Raabe's understanding of the cruel choice forced on him: either convert to Christianity or forfeit the professional post for which you are supremely destined. When Mahler was asked why he never composed a Mass, he answered bluntly that he could never, with any degree of artistic or spiritual integrity, voice the Credo. He was a confirmed agnostic, a doubter and seeker, never a soul at rest or at peace." Joel Martel, MAHLER AND RELIGION; Forced to Be Christian, New York Times.
  147. ^ Stuart Feder (2004). "Mahler at Midnight". Gustav Mahler: A Life in Crisis. Yale University Press. pp. 63–64.  
  148. ^ Norman Lebrecht (2010). Why Mahler?: How One Man and Ten Symphonies Changed Our World. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 84.  
  149. ^ "He was born a Jew but has been described as a life-long agnostic. At one point he converted to Catholicism, purely for the purpose of obtaining a job that he coveted -- director of the Court Opera of Vienna. It was unthinkable for a Jew to hold such a prestigious position, hence the utilitarian conversion to the state religion." Warren Allen Smith, Celebrities in Hell, pages 76-77.
  150. ^ Barrie Kosky (2008). On Ecstasy. Melbourne Univ. Publishing. p. 39.  
  151. ^ Otto Klemperer (1986). Martin J. Anderson, ed. Klemperer on Music: Shavings from a Musician's Workbench. London: Toccata Press. pp. 133–147. Mahler was a thoroughgoing child of the nineteenth century, an adherent of Nietzsche, and typically irreligious. For all that, he was – as all his compositions testify – devout in the highest sense, though his piety was not to be found in any church prayer-book. 
  152. ^ Kenneth Lafave (2002). "Mahler, Gustav". Macmillan Encyclopedia of Death and Dying. Retrieved 29 June 2013. From the beginning, Mahler declared that his music was not for his own time but for the future. An agnostic, he apparently saw long-term success as a real-world equivalent of immortality. "Mahler was a thoroughgoing child of the nineteenth century, an adherent of Nietzsche, and typically irreligious," the conductor Otto Klemperer recalled in his memoirs, adding that, in his music, Mahler evinced a "piety . . . not to be found in any church prayer-book." This appraisal is confirmed by the story of Mahler's conversion to Catholicism in 1897. Although his family was Jewish, Mahler was not observant, and when conversion was required in order to qualify as music director of the Vienna Court Opera—the most prestigious post in Europe—he swiftly acquiesced to baptism and confirmation, though he never again attended mass. Once on the podium, however, Mahler brought a renewed spirituality to many works, including Beethoven's Fidelio, which he almost single-handedly rescued from a reputation for tawdriness. 
  153. ^ "'It would be safe to say that I'm agnostic,' Matthews says. 'However, I do feel as though we owe a faith to the world and to ourselves. We owe a grace and gratitude to things that have brought us here. But I think it's very ignorant to say, 'Well, for everything, God has a plan.' That's like an excuse. ... Maybe the real faithful act is to commit to something, to take action, as opposed to saying, 'Well, everything is in the hand of God.'" See Boston Globe Article 'Dave Matthews Gets Serious - and Playful' by Steve Morse (4 March 2001)
  154. ^ "If you say ‘there is no God,’ where is evidence there is no God? You can say ‘I don’t know.’ Being an agnostic to me is a scientific point of view, which is supportable. In my experience, I felt at times that there is a God of some kind. I don’t subscribe to any organized religion – that’s a different matter. But if there is a God, we have very little idea of what that God may be. That’s inherent in what we are,” he said." - Brian May,, 26 July 2011.
  155. ^ Mitchell, David (2012). Back Story: A Memoir.  
  156. ^ Edvard Munch, Arne Eggum (1978). Edvard Munch: symbols & images, Volume 1978, Part 2. National Gallery of Art. p. 237. But Munch was not completely averse to every form of religion; one might rather say that throughout his life he remained a thoughtful agnostic. 
  157. ^ Jerrold Northrop Moore (1999). Edward Elgar: A Creative Life. Oxford University Press. p. 423.  
  158. ^ Oberst said: "If I’m forced to categorize myself I guess I’d say I was an agnostic." Conor Oberst and Bright Eyes: Bright Ideas, by A. D. Amorosi, Harp magazine, May 2007. (Retrieved 15 October 2007)
  159. ^ Joe Staines (2010). The Rough Guide to Classical Music (5 ed.). Penguin. p. 398.  
  160. ^ "I'm a linear thinking agnostic, but not an atheist folks." Peart, Neil (1996). The Masked Rider: Cycling in West Africa.  
  161. ^ "Sean Penn's Religion and Political Views"
  162. ^ When asked whether he believed in God, he replied: "I generally am wary of the black and white veering more towards the grey with regard to these matters but am closer to atheism when push comes to shove in terms of not believing the extravagant claims of theology. After all "Extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence" - Carl Sagan If the following definition of an atheist is correct then I would certainly nail my flag to that mast! :o) "An atheist is a man who has no invisible means of support." - John Buchan" Brendan believe in God or something??.
  163. ^ "BILD: Do you believe in God? Brad Pitt (smiling): 'No, no, no!' BILD: Is your soul spiritual? Brad Pitt: 'No, no, no! I’m probably 20 per cent atheist and 80 per cent agnostic. I don’t think anyone really knows. You'll either find out or not when you get there, until then there's no point thinking about it.'" Brad Pitt interview: "With six kids each morning it is about surviving!" By Norbert Körzdörfer,, 23 July 2009
  164. ^ Sidney Poitier (2009). Life Beyond Measure: Letters to My Great-Granddaughter. HarperCollins. p. 84.  
  165. ^ Sidney Poitier (2009). Life Beyond Measure. HarperCollins. pp. 85–86.  
  166. ^ Daniel Harrison (1994). Harmonic Function in Chromatic Music: A Renewed Dualist Theory and an Account of Its Precedents. University of Chicago Press. p. 256.  
  167. ^ Rooney wrote: "I call myself an agnostic, not an atheist, because in one sense atheists are like Christians or Muslims. They’re sure of themselves. A Christian says with certainty, there is a god; an atheist says with certainty, there is no god. Neither knows" Sincerely, Andy Rooney (2001), Public Affairs ISBN 1-58648-045-6
  168. ^ Rooney said: "Why am I an atheist? I ask you: Why is anybody not an atheist? Everyone starts out being an atheist. No one is born with belief in anything. Infants are atheists until they are indoctrinated. I resent anyone pushing their religion on me. I don't push my atheism on anybody else. Live and let live. Not many people practice that when it comes to religion." Marian Christy, "Conversations: We make our own destiny", Boston Globe, 30 May 1982 (from Newsbank).
  169. ^ Rooney said: "I am an atheist... I don't understand religion at all. I'm sure I'll offend a lot of people by saying this, but I think it's all nonsense." From a speech at Tufts University, 18 November 2004.
  170. ^ [7]
  171. ^ Elizabeth Norman McKay (1996). Franz Schubert: a biography. Clarendon Press. p. 308.  
  172. ^ Arthur Hutchings (1967). Church Music in the Nineteenth Century. London: Oxford University Press. p. 166.  
  173. ^ John Daverio. Robert Schumann: Herald of a "New Poetic Age". Oxford University Press. p. 471.  
  174. ^ Cath Clarke. "Ridley Scott interview". TimeOut London. Retrieved 1 October 2012. God occupies the director’s thoughts more than He used to, says Scott, who’s an agnostic, converted from atheism. ‘You could have ten scientists in this room. You could ask them all: who’s religious? About three to four will put their hands up. I’ve asked these guys from Nasa. And they say: When you get to the end of your theories, you come to a wall… you come to a question. Who thought up this shit?’ Scott was turned off religion by his Church of England upbringing (‘altar boy… terrible burgundy wine… all that stuff’). Now? ‘Now my feeling goes with “could be”.’ 
  175. ^ Adrienne Shelly said: "I'm an optimistic agnostic. I'd like to believe." Rhys, Tim (August 1996), Suddenly Adrienne Shelly, MovieMaker Magazine. Retrieved 12 February 2007.
  176. ^ "I know intellectually there is no god. But in case there is, I don’t want to piss him off by saying it." Howard Stern, Interview w/ Steppin’ Out, 21 May 2004.
  177. ^ "I am an agnostic and I was interested in reading the pre-Christian idea that winter is more about regeneration than salvation. I stayed away from that triumphal, 'God is in his heaven, isn't everything wonderful?' kind of thing."[8]
  178. ^ Stone said "...I'm Jewish simply because... my mom is Jewish... but... I grew up completely secular and completely agnostic... I am the worst Jew in the world. I know nothing about the religion. I'm completely agnostic (my poor mother)." 'South Park' Creator Matt Stone on Fighting Terrorism on NPR's program Fresh Air, 14 October 2004, (quote begins at 15:05, ends at 16:00)
  179. ^ When asked if there was a God, Stone answered "No." Is there a God?, by Stephen Thompson, The Onion A.V. Club, 9 October 2002
  180. ^ Frederik L. Schodt (2007). The Astro Boy Essays: Osamu Tezuka, Mighty Atom, and the Manga/Anime Revolution. Stone Bridge Press, Inc. p. 141.  
  181. ^ Dan Barker, The Good Atheist - Living a Purpose-Filled Life Without God, p.93
  182. ^ Scott L. Balthazar, ed. (2004). The Cambridge Companion to Verdi. Cambridge University Press. p. 13.  
  183. ^ Arturo Toscanini (2002). Harvey Sachs, ed. The letters of Arturo Toscanini. Alfred A. Knopf. p. 262.  
  184. ^ "Here we have a man who, while at Cambridge, was 'a most determined atheist'--those were the words of his fellow-undergraduate Bertrand Russell--and who was dismissed at the age of 25 from his post as organist in a church at South Lambeth because he refused to take Communion. Later, according to his widow, he 'drifted into a cheerful agnosticism'." The Unknown Vaughan Williams, Michael Kennedy, Proceedings of the Royal Musical Association, Vol. 99. (1972–1973), pp. 31-41.
  185. ^ Wolfram Eberhard (1986). A Dictionary of Chinese Symbols: Hidden Symbols in Chinese Life and Thought. Psychology Press. p. 82.  
  186. ^ John Hersey (1986). The call. Penguin Books. p. 208.  
  187. ^ Lee Dian Rainey (2010). Confucius & Confucianism: The Essentials. John Wiley & Sons. p. 62.  
  188. ^ "While this sounds skeptical, Kant is only agnostic about our knowledge of metaphysical objects such as God. And, as noted above, Kant's agnosticism leads to the conclusion that we can neither affirm nor deny claims made by traditional metaphysics." Andrew Fiala, J. M. D. Meiklejohn, Critique of Pure Reason - Introduction, page xi.
  189. ^ Ed Hindson, Ergun Caner (2008). Ed Hindson, Ergun Caner, Edward J. Verstraete, ed. The Popular Encyclopedia of Apologetics: Surveying the Evidence for the Truth of Christianity. Harvest House Publishers. p. 82.  
  190. ^ Michael Vlach. "Immanuel Kant". Theological Studies. Retrieved 17 August 2012. Kant’s philosophy was even more skeptical in regard to metaphysical issues like God, the soul, and freedom. According to Kant, these types of issues are beyond the limits of reason. Thus, the human mind cannot obtain any rational knowledge of anything beyond the physical world. Kant’s theory would have an important influence on philosophy of religion since he asserted that concepts like God and the soul could not be known through reason. His theories have led some to claim that he is the father of agnosticism. Interestingly, Kant did believe in God and originated a form of the moral argument for God’s existence. 
  191. ^ Gary D. Badcock (1997). Light of Truth and Fire of Love: A Theology of the Holy Spirit. Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 113.  
  192. ^ Norman L. Geisler, Paul K. Hoffman, ed. (2006). "The Agnosticism of Immanuel Kant". Why I Am a Christian: Leading Thinkers Explain Why They Believe. Baker Books. p. 45.  
  193. ^ Frank K. Flinn (2007). Encyclopedia of Catholicism. Infobase Publishing. p. 10.  
  194. ^ "It is ridiculous to describe that Laozi had started the Dao religion. In fact Laozi is much more sympathetic to atheism than even Greek philosophers in general. To the most, like Buddha and philosophers of Enlightenment, Laoism is agnostic about God." Chen Lee Sun, Laozi's Daodejing-From the Chinese Hermeneutical and the Western Philosophical Perspectives: The English and Chinese Translations Based on Laozi's Original Daoism (2011), page 119.
  195. ^ Norman Malcolm, G. H. Von Wright (2001). Ludwig Wittgenstein: A Memoir. Oxford University Press. pp. 59–60.  
  196. ^ William Child (2011). Wittgenstein. Taylor & Francis. p. 218.  
  197. ^ Tim Labron (2006). Wittgenstein's Religious Point of View. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 47.  
  198. ^ Edward Kanterian (2007). Ludwig Wittgenstein. Reaktion Books. pp. 145–146.  
  199. ^ Connie Aarsbergen-Ligtvoet (2006). Isaiah Berlin: A Value Pluralist and Humanist View of Human Nature and the Meaning of Life. Rodopi. p. 133.  
  200. ^ "Like everyone participating I'm what's called here a "secular atheist," except that I can't even call myself an "atheist" because it is not at all clear what I'm being asked to deny." Noam Chomsky, Edge Discussion of Beyond Belief: Science, Religion, Reason and Survival, November 2006 (Retrieved 21 April 2008).
  201. ^ Chomsky, Noam. "Remarks on Religion". Retrieved 7 April 2012. Do I believe in God? Can't answer, I'm afraid. 
  202. ^ "Most histories of atheism choose the Greek and Roman philosophers Epicurus, Democritus, and Lucretius as the first atheist writers. While these writers certainly changed the idea of God, they didn't entirely deny that gods could exist." Ancient Atheists,
  203. ^ "Dewey started his career as a Christian but over his long lifetime moved towards agnosticism. His philosophical writings start out apologetic; over his life he gradually lost interest in formal religion and focused more on democratic ideals. Moreover, he became very devoted to applying the scientific method of inquiry to both democracy and education." Shawn Olson, John Dewey - American Pragmatic Philosopher, 2005.
  204. ^ "Epicurus taught that the soul is also made of material objects, and so when the body dies the soul dies with it. There is no afterlife. Epicurus thought that gods might exist, but if they did, they did not have anything to do with human beings." Ancient Atheists,
  205. ^ "Frederick Edwords, Executive Director of the American Humanist Association, who labels himself an agnostic..." Atheism 101, by William B. Lindley, Truth Seeker Volume 121 (1994) No. 2, (Retrieved 14 April 2008)
  206. ^ James Hall. Philosophy of Religion: Lecture 3 (DVD).  
  207. ^ "This faith in rationality emerged early in Hook's life. Even before he was a teenager he proclaimed himself to be an agnostic." Edward S. Shapiro, Letters of Sidney Hook: Democracy, Communism, and the Cold War, 1995, page 2.
  208. ^ Douglas J. Soccio (2009). Archetypes of Wisdom: An Introduction to Philosophy. Cengage Learning. p. 291.  
  209. ^ Paul S. Penner (1995). Altruistic Behavior: An Inquiry Into Motivation. Rodopi. p. 5.  
  210. ^ Paul Heyer (2003). Harold Innis. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 39.  
  211. ^ "The views of William James on agnostic attitudes and arguments regarding theistic belief were uncharacteristically harsh and wide of the mark." Creighton Peden, Larry E. Axel, God, values, and empiricism: issues in philosophical theology (1989), page 239.
  212. ^ Kenny, Anthony (2006). "Why I'm not an atheist". What I Believe. Continuum.  
  213. ^ Mike W. Martin (2007). Creativity: Ethics and Excellence in Science. Lexington Books. p. 13.  
  214. ^ "James Mill". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  215. ^ William C. Lubenow (1998). The Cambridge Apostles, 1820-1914: Liberalism, Imagination, and Friendship in British Intellectual and Professional Life. Cambridge University Press. p. 405.  
  216. ^ "Referring to himself as an agnostic and an advocate of critical realism, Popper gained an early reputation as the chief exponent of the principle of falsification rather than verification." Karl Popper: philosopher of critical realism, by Joe Barnhart, The Humanist magazine, July–August 1996. (Retrieved 13 October 2006)
  217. ^ Only fragments of Protagoras' treatise On the Gods survive, but it opens with the sentence: "Concerning the gods, I have no means of knowing whether they exist or not or of what sort they may be. Many things prevent knowledge including the obscurity of the subject and the brevity of human life."
  218. ^ Adrian Kuzminski (2008). Pyrrhonism: How the Ancient Greeks Reinvented Buddhism. Lexington Books. pp. 41–42.  
  219. ^ Don E. Marietta (1998). Introduction to Ancient Philosophy. M.E. Sharpe. p. 162.  
  220. ^ Russell said: "As a philosopher, if I were speaking to a purely philosophic audience I should say that I ought to describe myself as an Agnostic, because I do not think that there is a conclusive argument by which one prove that there is not a God. On the other hand, if I am to convey the right impression to the ordinary man in the street I think I ought to say that I am an Atheist... None of us would seriously consider the possibility that all the gods of Homer really exist, and yet if you were to set to work to give a logical demonstration that Zeus, Hera, Poseidon, and the rest of them did not exist you would find it an awful job. You could not get such proof. Therefore, in regard to the Olympic gods, speaking to a purely philosophical audience, I would say that I am an Agnostic. But speaking popularly, I think that all of us would say in regard to those gods that we were Atheists. In regard to the Christian God, I should, I think, take exactly the same line." Am I an Agnostic or an Atheist?, from Last Philosophical Testament 1943–1968, (1997) Routledge ISBN 0-415-09409-7. Russell was chosen by LOOK magazine to speak for agnostics in their well-known series explaining the religions of the U.S., and authored the essay "What Is An Agnostic?" which appeared 3 November 1953 in that magazine.
  221. ^ MIZ title in German: Materialien und Informationen zur Zeit (MIZ) (Untertitel: Politisches Magazin für Konfessionslose und AtheistInnen)
  222. ^ "Like many other so-called "Atheists" I am also not a pure atheist, but actually an agnostic..." Life without God: A decision for the people (Automatic Google translation of the original, hosted at Schmidt-Salomon's website), by Michael Schmidt-Salomon 19 November 1996, first published in: Education and Criticism: Journal of Humanistic Philosophy and Free Thinking January 1997 (Retrieved 1 April 2008)
  223. ^ Julie A. Reuben (1996). The Making of the Modern University: Intellectual Transformation and the Marginalization of Morality. University of Chicago Press. p. 54.  
  224. ^ Roland W. Scholz (2011). Environmental Literacy in Science and Society: From Knowledge to Decisions. Cambridge University Press. p. 62.  
  225. ^ Asok Sen (1977). Iswar Chandra Vidyasagar and his Elusive Milestones. Riddhi-India. p. 157. Vidyasagar did not explicitly deny the existence of God. His position was that of an agnostic who refused to be distracted from the ethical and practical tasks of society, by abstract ideals of divine perfection. 
  226. ^ "However, by the time he composed his memoirs Angell had come to realize how inappropriate it had been for 'an agnostic, a heretic, a revolutionary' like himself 'to preach his heretical and revolutionary doctrines' to a readership that was not only 'bourgeois' but 'churchy'." Martin Ceadel, Living the great illusion: Sir Norman Angell, 1872-1967 (2009), page 38.
  227. ^ Jerry H. Brookshire: Clement Attlee. Manchester University Press, 1995. p. 10; 15; 35.
  228. ^ Bachelet said "I am a woman, socialist, separated and agnostic." See Newsweek article An Unlikely Pioneer.
  229. ^ Do you believe in him now, Helen?
  230. ^ The scream is not a vehicle of ideas (In Spanish. See also: English translation by PROMT Online Translator. Retrieved 13 October 2006.)
  231. ^ Darrow wrote "I am an agnostic as to the question of God." See Why I Am An Agnostic.
  232. ^ In a C-SPAN2 BookTV interview recorded on 11 November 2013 and aired on 22 December 2013, Alan Dershowitz said, "I'm an agnostic."
  233. ^ (Dutch) Agnosticisme of atheïsme
  234. ^ Wiener Zeitung, published 8 July 2004 (German). "The agnostic Fischer is married for 35 years with Margit." (Translation by PROMT Online Translator).
  235. ^ O'Toole, Jason (15 October 2007). "Take me to your leader". Hot Press. Retrieved 15 April 2012. 
  236. ^
  237. ^
  238. ^ Blanche d'Alpuget, Robert J. Hawke, 87
  239. ^ "Prince et chanoine : les nouveaux métiers de Hollande". Direct Matin. Retrieved 18 June 2012. 
  240. ^ Ingersoll said that "It seems to me that the man who knows the limitations of the mind, who gives the proper value to human testimony, is necessarily an Agnostic." Why Am I Agnostic?, Robert Green Ingersoll, 1889. See also Ingersoll's complete works, which includes many speeches and writings on religion and agnosticism.
  241. ^ Josipović said "Yes, it is true, I am declared agnostic." See Slobodna Dalmacija article in Croatian language[9].
  242. ^ Holland: Tolerance fuels social experiment the Dutch way - Cover Story - Statistical Data Included
  243. ^ Rolf Steininger, Günther Bischof, Michael Gehler: Austria in the Twentieth Century. Transaction Publishers, New Brunswick, 2002; p. 270
  244. ^ Chile Moves On, Mark Falcoff, American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research, 1 April 2000.
  245. ^ Agenda
  246. ^
  247. ^
  248. ^ The Hindu (Chennai, India) . 
  249. ^,1579610
  250. ^ Guha, Ramachandra (23 September 2003). "LEADER ARTICLE Inter-faith Harmony: Where Nehru and Gandhi Meet". The Times Of India. 
  251. ^ P. D. Anthony (2003). The Ideology of Work. Routledge. p. 75.  
  252. ^ W. Devereux Jones (2007). The Flight of the Wasps: The Europrotestants: Their Roots and Culture, from the Earliest Times to the End of the 20th Century. AuthorHouse. p. 273.  
  253. ^ Ronald W. Walker (1998). Wayward Saints: THE GODBEITES AND BRIGHAM YOUNG. University of Illinois Press. pp. 74–75.  
  254. ^ Rockwell wrote in his autobiography "I am an agnostic, which means that to all proposals and explanations of the mysteries of life and eternity, I say, 'I do not know and I don't believe you or any other human does either.'" This Time the World, chapter 3, George Lincoln Rockwell, ISBN 1-59364-014-5
  255. ^
  256. ^ Erik Fossen; Håvard Bjelland (31 December 2011). "Man må tro at det nytter" [One must believe that it is possible]. (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 27 September 2013. Retrieved 17 January 2013. 
  257. ^
  258. ^
  259. ^ "The country's Left-leaning Prime Minister, a self-declared agnostic, became a bête noire of the Catholic Church during his first term in office by legalising same-sex marriage, introducing fast-track divorce and allowing embryonic stem-cell research." [10]
  260. ^ a b c d e f g JPararajasingham. "Another 50 Renowned Academics Speaking About God". Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  261. ^ "Sometime after this, Hannes Alfvén was brought to the presence of Prime Minister Ben-Gurion. The latter was curious about this young Swedish scientist who was being much talked about. After a good chat, Ben Gurion came right to the point: "Do you believe in God?" Now, Hannes Alfvén was not quite prepared for this. So he considered his answer for a few brief seconds. But Ben-Gurion took his silence to be a "No." So he said: "Better scientist than you believes in God."" As told by Hannes Alfvén to Asoka Mendis, Hannes Alfvén Birth Centennial.
  262. ^ "Nuclear power is uniquely unforgiving: as Swedish Nobel physicist Hannes Alfvén said, "No acts of God can be permitted."" Amory Lovins, Inside NOVA - Nuclear After Japan: Amory Lovins,
  263. ^ "Alfven dismissed in his address religion as a "myth," and passionately criticized the big-bang theory for being dogmatic and violating basic standards of science, to be no less mythical than religion." Helge Kragh, Matter and Spirit in the Universe: Scientific and Religious Preludes to Modern Cosmology (2004), page 252.
  264. ^ Ralph A. Alpher. "COSMOLOGY AND HUMANISM". Humanism Today. p. 15. Retrieved 17 January 2013. This leads inevitably to my identifying philosophically as an agnostic and a humanist, and explains my temerity in sharing my views with you. 
  265. ^ Interview with Simon Mayo, BBC Radio Five Live, 2 December 2005.
  266. ^ Brigham Narins, ed. (2001). Notable Scientists from 1900 to the Present: A-C. Gale Group. p. 91.  
  267. ^ R. W. Burns (2000). John Logie Baird, Television Pioneer. IET. p. 10.  
  268. ^ Robert W. Baloh. "Robert Bárány and the controversy surrounding his discovery of the caloric reaction". Retrieved 14 May 2012. Although anti-Semitism was again on the rise in Austria, it is unlikely that anti-Semitism was a factor in the hostility toward Bárány because he was an agnostic who did not believe in Zionism. 
  269. ^ Lillian Hoddeson, Vicki Daitch (2002). True Genius: The Life and Science of John Bardeen. Joseph Henry Press.  
  270. ^ Bruce, Robert V (1973). "After the Telephone". Bell: Alexander Graham Bell and the Conquest of Solitude. Cornell University Press. p. 490.  
  271. ^ Robert S. Roth, ed. (1986). The Bellman Continuum: A Collection of the Works of Richard E. Bellman. World Scientific. p. 4.  
  272. ^ "Concerning Emile Berliner, The Jew TO BE a Jew may mean one of several identities. For example, the Jew, Emile Berliner, the late inventor, called himself agnostic." B'nai B'rith, The National Jewish monthly: Volume 43; Volume 43.
  273. ^ "In 1899, Berliner wrote a book, Conclusions, that speaks of his agnostic ideas on religion and philosophy." Seymour Brody, Jewish heroes & heroines of America: 151 true stories of Jewish American heroism (2003), page 119.
  274. ^ John G. Simmons (2002). Doctors and Discoveries: Lives That Created Today's Medicine. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. p. 17.  
  275. ^ "J. Michael Bishop". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  276. ^ a b c d e "50 Renowned Academics Speaking About God". JPararajasingham. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  277. ^ "By the time he reached his late teens, he had become firmly agnostic." F. David Peat, Infinite Potential: The Life and Times of David Bohm (1997), page 21.
  278. ^ International Association for Semiotic Studies, International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies, International Social Science Council (1995). "A tale of two amateurs". Semiotica, Volume 105. Mouton. p. 56. MacHale's biography calls George Boole 'an agnostic deist'. Both Booles' classification of 'religious philosophies' as monistic, dualistic, and trinitarian left little doubt about their preference for 'the unity religion', whether Judaic or Unitarian. 
  279. ^ International Association for Semiotic Studies, International Council for Philosophy and Humanistic Studies, International Social Science Council (1996). Semiotica, Volume 105. Mouton. p. 17. MacHale does not repress this or other evidence of the Boole's nineteenth-century beliefs and practices in the paranormal and in religious mysticism. He even concedes that George Boole's many distinguished contributions to logic and mathematics may have been motivated by his distinctive religious beliefs as an 'agnostic deist' and by an unusual personal sensitivity to the sufferings of other people. 
  280. ^ Siemon-Netto, Uwe (July 2007). "The Legacy of a Philanthropist".  
  281. ^ Bhabani Prasad Sahu (December 2008). "Lessons of Scientific Temper from Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose". pp. 25–26. Retrieved 10 July 2012. Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose had consciously broken this idea of a religious temple. He upheld the other meanings of ‘mandir’ (temple), according to the dictionary, which also originally means a house or even ocean. His ‘Basu Bijnan Mandir’ was actually the house or ocean of knowledge, scientific knowledge, which does not base on mere belief but on scientific methods to eradicate ignorance. He also explained the basics of this scientific methods. While discussing the similarities and dissimilarities between a poet and a scientist, he clearly said: “The path, a scientist has to follow, is quite uneven and he had to control himself in this not-so-easy path of observation and experiment.” (ibid) Not mere imagination and belief, but ‘observation and experiment’ are the ultimate way of gaining scientific knowledge or reaching the goal of acquiring truth. The idealistic mentality of the blind believers of supernatural power or god and of the so-called religious people, propagates the idea that man cannot completely know ‘Him’, the ultimate power or God. ...Sir Jagadish Chandra Bose might not be an atheist in the strictest sense of the term as it is used today. In several of his speeches and writings he had casually mentioned of God; for example: “I had never been deprived of blessings of God” (Asha O Biswas), or “if God has directed for any special pilgrimage for science“ (Bijnan Prachare Bharater Daan) etc. But if we carefully consider him in totality, it will be obvious that these are the outcome of the general mode of literal expression, as is done colloquially in day-to-day life and not the manifestation of his blind belief in god or religionism. Actually he might not be an uncompromising and militant (so impractical) fighter against the concept of God, but Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose was well against various superstitious notions and practices. 
  282. ^ "James Henry Breasted". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  283. ^ Jack Huberman (2006). The Quotable Atheist: Ammunition for Nonbelievers, Political Junkies, Gadflies, and Those Generally Hell-Bound. Nation Books. p. 52.  
  284. ^ "As an agnostic scientist and a Fabian socialist in politics, I had the normal contempt for the Establishment, but I cherished the feeling that I could look anyone on earth in the eye and feel certain he would approve of what I was doing." Sir Frank Macfarlane Burnet, Endurance of Life: The Implications of Genetics for Human Life (1980), page 198.
  285. ^ Carolyn Sattin-Bajaj (2010). Marcelo Suarez-Orozco, ed. Educating the Whole Child for the Whole World: The Ross School Model and Education for the Global Era. NYU Press. p. 165.  
  286. ^ John Brande Trend (1965). The Origins of Modern Spain. Russell & Russell. p. 82. Cajal was a liberal in politics, an evolutionist in philosophy, an agnostic in religion... 
  287. ^ "Anton J. Carlson". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  288. ^ Sharon Bertsch McGrayne (2002). Prometheans in the Lab: Chemistry and the Making of the Modern World. Sharon Bertsch McGrayne. p. 139.  
  289. ^ Dan Barker (2011). The Good Atheist: Living a Purpose-Filled Life Without God. Ulysses Press. p. 170.  
  290. ^ George Wilson (1851). The life of the Hon. Henry Cavendish: including abstracts of his more important scientific papers, and a critical inquiry into the claims of all the alleged discoverers of the composition of water. Printed for the Cavendish Society. pp. 181–185. A Fellow of the Royal Society, who had good means of judging, states that, "As to Cavendish's religion, he was nothing at all. The only subjects in which he appeared to take any interest, were scientific. ..." ...From what has been stated, it will appear that is would be vain to assert that we know with any certainty what doctrine Cavendish held concerning Spiritual things; but we may with some confidence affirm, that the World to come did not engross his thoughts; that he gave no outward demonstration of interest in religion, and did join his fellow men in worshipping God. ...He died and have no sign, rejecting human sympathy, and leaving us no means of determining whether he anticipated annihilation, or looked forward to an endless life. ...He did not love; he did not hate; he did not hope; he did not fear; he did not worship as others do. He separated himself from his fellow men, and apparently from God. 
  291. ^ "Owen Chamberlain". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  292. ^ Francis Crick, What Mad Pursuit: a Personal View of Scientific Discovery, Basic Books reprint edition, 1990, ISBN 0-465-09138-5, p. 145.
  293. ^ Reid, Robert William (1974). Marie Curie. London: Collins. p. 19.  
  294. ^ Virginia Trimble, Thomas Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard Jarrell, Jordan D. Marché, F. Jamil Ragep, ed. (2007).  
  295. ^ Darwin wrote: "my judgment often fluctuates... In my most extreme fluctuations I have never been an Atheist in the sense of denying the existence of a God. I think that generally (and more and more as I grow older), but not always, that an Agnostic would be the more correct description of my state of mind." The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin, Ch. VIII, p. 274. New York, D. Appleton & Co., 1905. See Charles Darwin's views on religion
  296. ^ "Max Delbrück". Retrieved 14 May 2012. 
  297. ^ Walter Shropshire (2007). Max Delbrück and the New Perception of Biology, 1906-1981: A Centenary Celebration, University of Salamanca, October 9–10, 2006. AuthorHouse. p. 155.  
  298. ^ Luís F. Rodrigues (2010). "David Deutsch". Open Questions: Diverse Thinkers Discuss God, Religion, and Faith. ABC-CLIO.  
  299. ^  
  300. ^ Denis Brian, ed. (2001). The Voice Of Genius: Conversations With Nobel Scientists And Other Luminaries. Basic Books. p. 69.  
  301. ^ Denis Brian, ed. (2001). The Voice Of Genius: Conversations With Nobel Scientists And Other Luminaries. Basic Books. pp. 28–29.  
  302. ^ Helge Kragh (1990). Dirac: A Scientific Biography. Cambridge University Press. pp. 256–257.  
  303. ^ "John William Draper". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  304. ^ "As far as I know Dubois never expressed any atheistic ideas, but he did sometimes show evidence of fiercely anti-Catholic sentiments. His attitude towards religious belief as such can best be characterised as agnostic." Bert Theunissen, Eugène Dubois and the ape-man from Java: the history of the first missing link and its discoverer (1989), page 24.
  305. ^ On Durkheim, Larry R. Ridener, referencing a book by Lewis A. Coser, wrote: "Shortly after his traditional Jewish confirmation at the age of thirteen, Durkheim, under the influence of a Catholic woman teacher, had a shortlived mystical experience that led to an interest in Catholicism. But soon afterwards he turned away from all religious involvement, though emphatically not from interest in religious phenomena, and became an agnostic." See Ridener's page on famous dead sociologists. See also Coser's book: Masters of Sociological Thought: Ideas in Historical and Social Context, 2nd Ed., Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 1977: 143-144
  306. ^ "First, the same award was given to an agnostic Mathematician Freeman Dyson,..." Moses Gbenu, Back to Hell (2003), page 110.
  307. ^ "Officially, he calls himself an agnostic, but his writings make it clear that his agnosticism is tinged with something akin to deism." Karl Giberson, Donald A. Yerxa, Species of origins: America's search for a creation story (2002), page 141.
  308. ^ "A theologically more modest version is offered by physicist Freeman Dyson (2000), who describes himself as "a practicing Christian but not a believing Christian"" Garrett G. Fagan, Archaeological fantasies: how pseudoarchaeology misrepresents the past and misleads the public (2006), page 360.
  309. ^ "My position concerning God is that of an agnostic." Albert Einstein in a letter to M. Berkowitz, 25 October 1950; Einstein Archive 59-215; from Alice Calaprice, ed., The Expanded Quotable Einstein, Princeton University Press, 2000, p. 216. As quoted at (Retrieved 20 June 2007)
  310. ^ Robert G. Ingersoll (2009). The Works of Robert G. Ingersoll. Cosimo, Inc. p. 319.  
  311. ^ "Enrico Fermi's attitude to the church eventually became one of indifference, and he remained an agnostic all his adult life." Emilio Segre, Enrico Fermi: Physicist (1995), page 5.
  312. ^ "Val Fitch". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  313. ^ Trevor Illtyd Williams (1984). Howard Florey, Penicillin and After. Oxford University Press. p. 363.  
  314. ^ James A. Hijiya (1992). Lee De Forest and the Fatherhood of Radio. Lehigh University Press.  
  315. ^ Mike Adams (2011). Lee de Forest: King of Radio, Television, and Film. Springer. p. 31.  
  316. ^ Rocke, Alan (1993). The Quiet Revolution: Hermann Kolbe and the science of organic chemistry. University of California Press. p. 39.  
  317. ^ "This flat declaration prompted Ellis Franklin to accuse his strong-willed daughter of making science her religion. He was right. Rosalind sent him a four-page declaration, eloquent for a young woman just over 20 let alone a scientist of any age. ..."It has just occurred to me that you may raise the question of a creator. A creator of what? […] I see no reason to believe that a creator of protoplasm or primeval matter, if such there be, has any reason to be interested in our insignificant race in a tiny corner of the universe, and still less in us, as still more insignificant individuals. Again, I see no reason why the belief that we are insignificant or fortuitous should lessen our faith - as I have defined it."" Brenda Maddox, Mother of DNA, - Volume 117 Issue 3 Autumn 2002.
  318. ^ Listed as an agnostic on Rosalind Franklin,
  319. ^ "Jerome I. Friedman". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  320. ^ In correspondence with conservative Christian commentator John Lofton, Milton Friedman wrote: "I am an agnostic. I do not ‘believe in’ God, but I am not an atheist, because I believe the statement, ‘There is a god’ does not admit of being either confirmed or rejected." An Exchange: My Correspondence With Milton Friedman About God, Economics, Evolution And "Values", by John Lofton, The American View, October–December 2006, (Retrieved 12 January 2007)
  321. ^ John R. Connolly (2005). John Henry Newman: A View Of Catholic Faith For The New Millennium. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 32.  
  322. ^ Brigham Narins (2001). Notable Scientists from 1900 to the Present: D-H. Gale Group. p. 797.  
  323. ^ "The family adopted the Lutheran faith in 1918, and although Gabor nominally remained true to it, religion appears to have had little influence in his life. He later acknowledged the role played by an antireligious humanist education in the development of his ideas and stated his position as being that of a “benevolent agnostic.”" "Gabor, Dennis." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. 2008. (30 January 2012). [11]
  324. ^ "The publication of Darwin’s ‘‘Origin of Species’’ totally transformed his intellectual life, giving him a sense of evolutionary process without which much of his later work would have been unimaginable. Galton became a ‘‘religious agnostic’’, recognising the social value of religion but not its transcendental basis." Robert Peel, Sir Francis Galton FRS (1822-1911) - The Legacy of His Ideas -.
  325. ^ Keith James Laidler (2002). Energy and the Unexpected. Oxford University Press. p. 109.  
  326. ^ Paolo Mazzarello, Henry A. Buchtel, Aldo Badiani (1999). The hidden structure: a scientific biography of Camillo Golgi. Oxford University Press. p. 34.  
  327. ^ "Feynman, Gell-Man, Weinberg, and their peers accept Newton's incomparable stature and shrug off his piety, on the kindly thought that the old man got into the game too early. ...As for Gell-Mann, he seems to see nothing to discuss in this entire God business, and in the index to The Quark and the Jaguar God goes unmentioned. Life he called a "complex adaptive system" which produces interesting phenomena such as the jaguar and Murray Gell-Mann, who discovered the quark. Gell-Mann is a Nobel-class tackler of problems, but for him the existence of God is not one of them." Herman Wouk, The Language God Talks: On Science and Religion (2010).
  328. ^ "So we don’t have to assume these principles as separate metaphysical postulates. They follow from the fundamental theory. They are what we call emergent properties. You don’t need something more to get something more. That’s what emergence means. Life can emerge from physics and chemistry, plus a lot of accidents. The human mind can arise from neurobiology, and a lot of accidents. The way the chemical bond arises from physics and certain accidents. Doesn’t diminish the importance of these subjects, to know that they follow from more fundamental things, plus accidents. That’s a general rule, and it’s critically important to realize that. You don’t need something more in order to get something more. People keep asking that when they read my book, The Quark and the Jaguar, and they say ‘isn’t there something more beyond what you have there?’ Presumably they mean something supernatural. Anyway, there isn’t. (laughs) You don’t need something more to explain something more." Murray Gell-Mann, Beauty and truth in physics: Murray Gell-Mann on (2007),
  329. ^ Listed as an agnostic on Murray Gell-Mann,
  330. ^ "...I certainly felt bemused by the anomaly of my role as a Jewish agnostic, trying to reassure a group of Catholic priests that evolution remained both true and entirely consistent with religious belief." Nonoverlapping Magisteria, by Stephen Jay Gould, Natural History 106 (March 1997): 16-22; Reprinted from Leonardo's Mountain of Clams and the Diet of Worms, New York: Harmony Books, 1998, pp. 269-283.
  331. ^ Robert Leonard (2010). Von Neumann, Morgenstern, and the Creation of Game Theory: From Chess to Social Science, 1900-1960. Cambridge University Press. pp. 122–123.  
  332. ^ Alan Hale, Dan Barker (2011). The Good Atheist: Living a Purpose-Filled Life Without God. Ulysses Press. pp. 175–176.  
  333. ^ "Internet Infidels Honorary Board". Retrieved 15 June 2012. He is a member of the Honorary Board of the online group, Internet Infidels. 
  334. ^ J Scott Rankin (March 2006). "William Stewart Halsted". Annals of Surgery. Retrieved 31 May 2012. He was a heavy smoker of cigarettes, but rarely imbibed more than an occasional glass of wine. As noted earlier, in matters of religion, he was agnostic. A letter to Professor Adolf Meyer in 1918 thanked Dr. Meyer for a gift of the 13 volume set of the Golden Bough by Frazer, which Halsted then described as: “Such a stupendous and bloodcurdling work.” Halsted also stated: “What a fearful thing is ignorance. Its disciples, from the Khonds to Cotton Mather, Jonathan Edwards, and modern clergymen, all seem to have the same genes. Walking encyclopedias may still live in the dark ages. By the time I have absorbed the 13 volumes, I shall probably release my pew in the church, and break loose from the pious bloodthirsty cruel soul savers.” 
  335. ^ "Though Hayek was a self-professed agnostic, we show that his treatment of individual liberty was more consistent with a Judeo-Christian worldview than with that of his naturalist peers and postmodernist successors." Kenneth G. Elzinga, Matthew R. Givens,Christianity and Hayek (2009), page 53.
  336. ^ Alan O. Ebenstein (2003). Hayek's journey: the mind of Friedrich Hayek. Palgrave Macmillan Limited. p. 224.  
  337. ^ Gary Paul Nabhan (2004). Why Some Like it Hot: Food, Genes, And Cultural Diversity. Island Press. p. 73.  
  338. ^ Joseph McCabe (1945). A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Freethinkers. Haldeman-Julius Publications. Retrieved 30 June 2012. He was equally distinguished in physics and physiology and was the discoverer of the law of the conservatism of energy. Although he was the most eminent and most honored of German scientists, he was all his life an outspoken agnostic. 
  339. ^ Paul Hertz, Moritz Schlick, Malcolm F. Lowe, Robert Sonné Cohen, Yehúda Elkana, ed. (1977). Epistemological Writings: The Paul Hertz/Moritz Schlick Centenary Edition of 1921 with Notes and Commentary by the Editors. Springer. p. xxv.  
  340. ^ "Gerhard Herzberg". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  341. ^ Constance Reid (1996). Hilbert (2 ed.). Springer. p. 92.  
  342. ^ Listed as agnostic on David Hilbert
  343. ^ "Mathematics is a presuppositionless science. To found it I do not need God, as does Kronecker, or the assumption of a special faculty of our understanding attuned to the principle of mathematical induction, as does Poincaré, or the primal intuition of Brouwer, or, finally, as do Russell and Whitehead, axioms of infinity, reducibility, or completeness, which in fact are actual, contentual assumptions that cannot be compensated for by consistency proofs." David Hilbert, Die Grundlagen der Mathematik, Hilbert's program, 22C:096, University of Iowa.
  344. ^ "Also, when someone blamed Galileo for not standing up for his convictions Hilbert became quite irate and said, “But he was not an idiot. Only an idiot could believe that scientific truth needs martyrdom; that may be necessary in religion, but scientific results prove themselves in due time." Anton Z. Capri, Quips, quotes, and quanta: an anecdotal history of physics (2007), page 135.
  345. ^ "Frederick Hopkins". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  346. ^ "Gerardus `t Hooft - Science Video Interview". 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2012. When asked by the interviewer about his view of the universe and the design or non-design of the universe, Hooft replied, "Well absolutely amazing fact that it seems that the entire universe is now in grasp of theoretical physics. It still highly premature to make theories that includes how the big bang originated as and things like that. Although, people are tying that every day. ...As far as I'm concerned, everything seems to behave completely rationally. The laws of physics is all we need to understand how the universe got into being. And then eventually we end up with this religious question as to why is the universe is the way it is and how can it be it is a place for humans to live in, that is a miracle. I don't have really any answers here, but as a physicist I've learn to appreciate the fact that everything seems to have totally rational explanations and as far as I'm concerned, I expect the entire universe now also to be something you can explain in completely rational terms. That what I expect now, just because of past experience." 
  347. ^ "Gerardus `t Hooft - Science Video Interview". 2004. Retrieved 25 April 2012. When asked by the interviewer about his belief in an afterlife, Hooft replied, "Well, such beliefs I think I related to religions of the past and I don't think that notions such as 'afterlife' has any...scientific basis. Not in terms of modern science. So I can only say no." 
  348. ^ The Editor (19 June 2008). "Fred Hoyle – Astronomer Extraordinaire". Retrieved 22 April 2012. Hoyle was reportedly an atheist during most of his early life, but became agnostic when he found that he could not feel comfortable trying to explain the finer workings of physics and the Universe as simply “an accident.” 
  349. ^ Gale E. Christianson (1996). Edwin Hubble: Mariner of the Nebulae. University of Chicago Press. p. 183.  
  350. ^ Tom Bezzi (2000). Hubble Time. iUniverse. p. 93.  
  351. ^ "Humboldt, by contrast, was an agnostic in religious sentiment and a Heraclitean in his cosmology; he regarded change, and species mutability, as being as natural as changing wind patterns or ocean currents." Harry Francis Mallgrave, Gottfried Semper: Architect of the Nineteenth Century (1996), page 157.
  352. ^ "Obituary: Andrew Huxley". The Economist. June 16, 2012. Retrieved 14 May 2013. He did not even mind the master's duty of officiating in chapel, since he was, he explained, not atheist but agnostic (a word usefully invented by his grandfather), and was “very conscious that there is no scientific explanation for the fact that we are conscious.” 
  353. ^ "Every variety of philosophical and theological opinion was represented there, and expressed itself with entire openness; most of my colleagues were ists of one sort or another; and, however kind and friendly they might be, I, the man without a rag of a label to cover himself with, could not fail to have some of the uneasy feelings which must have beset the historical fox when, after leaving the trap in which his tail remained, he presented himself to his normally elongated companions. So I took thought, and invented what I conceived to be the appropriate title of agnostic.'" Part 2 - Agnosticism, by T.H. Huxley, from Christianity and Agnosticism: A Controversy, New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1889. Hosted at the Secular Web. (Retrieved 5 April 2008)
  354. ^ Leader U. "Message from Professor Robert Jastrow"
  355. ^ Edwin T. Jaynes (2003). G. Larry Bretthorst, ed. Probability Theory: The Logic of Science. Cambridge University Press. p. 74.  
  356. ^ Pierre Teilhard De Chardin (2004). The Future of Man. Random House LLC. p. 212.  
  357. ^ "Jerome Karle". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  358. ^ Russell, Colin (2003). Edward Frankland: Chemistry, Controversy and Conspiracy in Victorian England. Cambridge University Press.  
  359. ^ Listed as an agnostic on Friedrich August Kekulé,
  360. ^ "John C. Kendrew". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  361. ^ Toye, J. (2000). Keynes on Population. Oxford University Press. p. 136.  
  362. ^ Listed as an agnostic on John Maynard Keynes,
  363. ^ "Alfred Kastler". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  364. ^ "In religious matters Lagrange was, if anything at all, agnostic." Eric Temple Bell, Men of Mathematics (1986).
  365. ^ "Napoleon replies: "How comes it, then, that Laplace was an atheist? At the Institute neither he nor Monge, nor Berthollet, nor Lagrange believed in God. But they did not like to say so." Baron Gaspard Gourgaud, Talks of Napoleon at St. Helena with General Baron Gourgaud (1904), page 274.
  366. ^ "Lagrange and Laplace, though of Catholic parentage, were agnostics." Morris Kline, Mathematics and the Search for Knowledge (1986), page 214.
  367. ^ Arild Stubhaug (2000). Niels Henrik Abel and His Times: Called Too Soon by Flames Afar. Springer. p. 204.  
  368. ^ Joseph McCabe (1945). A Biographical Dictionary of Ancient, Medieval, and Modern Freethinkers. Haldeman-Julius Publications. Retrieved 7 April 2013. He was so brilliant that he solved the most difficult problems of the science at the age of 19 and a few years later won the prize of the Paris Academy of Science and was appointed Director of the Berlin Academy. He served the Republic and was head of the Commission that installed the decimal system, and was ennobled by Napoleon. He was never reconciled with the restored royalty and the Church - he was an agnostic - but he was too famous for them to touch him. 
  369. ^ "About his inattention to religion, his usual response was, "Never believe anything that can't be proved."" Irving Langmuir,[12]
  370. ^ Albert Rosenfeld (1961). The Quintessence of Irving Langmuir. Pergamon Press. p. 150. Though Marion herself was not an assiduous churchgoer and had no serious objection to Irving's agnostic views, her grandfather had been an Episcopalian clergyman. 
  371. ^ "Anthony J. Leggett". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  372. ^ "Joseph Leidy". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  373. ^ Adam Frank (1 August 2006). "The Einstein Dilemma". Discover Magazine. Retrieved 11 May 2012. TeVeS does everything," says Mario Livio with enthusiasm. A self-described agnostic in the MOND debate, but one with an obvious love for the underdog, Livio says that Bekenstein's work is "a phenomenal paper. 
  374. ^ "I'm a scientist, not a theologian. I don't know if there is a God or not. Religion requires certainty. Revere and respect Gaia. Have trust in Gaia. But not faith." James Lovelock, James Lovelock, Gaia’s grand old man, Lawrence E. Joseph, 17 August 2000.
  375. ^ David Strauss (2001). Percival Lowell: The Culture and Science of a Boston Brahmin. Harvard University Press. p. 280.  
  376. ^ Kendrick Oliver (2012). To Touch the Face of God: The Sacred, the Profane, and the American Space Program, 1957–1975. JHU Press. p. 22.  
  377. ^ "Lynn Margulis". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  378. ^ Naukowe, Łódzkie (2003). Bulletin de la Société des sciences et des lettres de Łódź: Série, Recherches sur les déformations, Volumes 39-42. Société des sciences et des lettres de Łódź. p. 162. Michelson's biographers stress, that our hero was not conspicuous by religiousness. His father was a free-thinker and Michelson grew up in non-religious family and have no opportunity to acknowledge the believe of his forebears. He was agnostic through his whole life and only for the short period he was a member of the 21st lodge in Washington. 
  379. ^ John D. Barrow (2002). The Book of Nothing: Vacuums, Voids, and the Latest Ideas About the Origins of the Universe. Random House Digital, Inc. p. 136.  
  380. ^ Dorothy Michelson Livingston, One Pass Productions, Cinema Guild (1984). The Master of Light: A Biography of Albert A. Michelson. University of Chicago Press. p. 106. On the religious question, Michelson disagreed with both these men. He had renounced any belief that moral issues were at stake in... 
  381. ^ "The Dutch Nobel prize-winner, Simon van der Meer expressed this as follows: "As a physicist, you have to have a split personality to be still able to believe in a god."" Alfred Driessen, Antoine Suarez, Mathematical undecidability, quantum nonlocality, and the question of the existence of God (1997).
  382. ^ Listed as an agnostic on Simon van der Meer,
  383. ^ Erik Ritter von Kuehnelt-Leddihn: The Cultural Background of Ludwig von Mises
  384. ^ "Indeed, for someone who was an agnostic, Mises wrote a great deal about religion. The number of references he makes to religion is staggering, actually numbering over twenty-five hundred in his published corpus." Laurence M. Vance, Mises Debunks the Religious Case for the State, Thursday, 10 February 2005.
  385. ^ "Ludwig von Mises, who was agnostic, skeptical, and non-political." Block, Walter and Rockwell Jr., Llewellyn H., Man, Economy, and Liberty: Essays in Honor of Murray N. Rothbard, page 168.
  386. ^ Jörg Guido Hülsmann (2007). "7: The Great War". Mises: The Last Knight of Liberalism. Ludwig von Mises Institute. pp. 257–258.  
  387. ^ J.M. Cohen. The Life of Ludwig Mond. Taylor & Francis. p. 16. Ludwig therefore learned sufficient Hebrew to go through the Barmitzvah ceremony, though he rapidly became an agnostic in outlook as he grew up. 
  388. ^ "Robert S. Mulliken". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  389. ^ Charlie Rose: "What is your sense of religion and spiritual being?" Myhrvold: "Not. It's --" Charlie: "Not?" Myhrvold: "There is a bunch of wonderful stories that people tell themselves and each other that they take as a matter of faith rather than evidence -- I'm not saying it's bad, and they get a tremendous amount of comfort from it. I like things that can be proven and I worry about things where i might be believing exactly what I would like to hear. So it would be wonderful if, after we die here, we go to a much better place, just like it would be wonderful if we were the most important things in the world, but in the past we thought we were really important. We discovered afterwards we weren't. As a result, I am much more focused on things that I can understand in a scientific way which kind of -- lets faith out of it." Charlie Rose interview, Nathan Myhrvold, CEO And Founder, Intellectual Ventures, 20 May 2010.[13]
  390. ^ Billy Woodward, Joel Shurkin, Debra Gordon (2009). Scientists Greater Than Einstein: The Biggest Lifesavers of the Twentieth Century. Quill Driver Books. p. 138.  
  391. ^ Nansen, Fridtjof (1929). "Min tro". Nansens røst, andre bind: 1. Retrieved 1942. 
  392. ^ "Erwin Neher". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  393. ^ Bernard S. Schlessinger, June H. Schlessinger (1996). The who's who of Nobel Prize winners, 1901-1995 (3 ed.). Oryx Press. p. 28.  
  394. ^ Enric Brillas Coso (2004). Enric Brillas, Pere-Lluis Cabot, ed. Trends in Electrochemistry and Corrosion at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Dedicated to Professor Dr. Josep M. Costa on the Occasion of His 70th Birthday. Edicions Universitat Barcelona. p. 1216.  
  395. ^ Leslie Berlin (2005). The Man Behind The Microchip: Robert Noyce And The Invention Of Silicon Valley. Oxford University Press. p. 235.  
  396. ^ Morris, Edward (January 2003). "Finding the father inside".  
  397. ^ "I gradually slipped away from religion over several years and became an atheist or to be more philosophically correct, a sceptical agnostic." Nurse's autobiography at
  398. ^ Steve Wartenberg: ""So, do you believe in God?" I asked". ""You really can't know," answered Bill Nye the Controversial Guy." Steve Wartenberg, The Morning Call, 6 April 2006.
  399. ^ "Today, I consider myself, in Thomas Huxley's terms, an agnostic. I don’t know whether there is a God or creator, or whatever we may call a higher intelligence or being. I don’t know whether there is an ultimate reason for our being or whether there is anything beyond material phenomena. I may doubt these things as a scientist, as we cannot prove them scientifically, but at the same time we also cannot falsify (disprove) them. For the same reasons, I cannot deny God with certainty, which would make me an atheist. This is a conclusion reached by many scientists." George Olah, A Life of Magic Chemistry
  400. ^ "It was nice to be honoured but I like ‘Mark’ not ‘Sir Mark’. When one’s young, one’s brash and all-knowing; when one’s old, one realises how little one knows. You asked me earlier if I believed in God and the hereafter. I would tend to say no but when one dies one could well be surprised." Mark Oliphant from an interview in 1996., Sir Mark Oliphant - Reluctant Builder of the Atom Bomb.
  401. ^ Ernest Hamlin Abbott, Lyman Abbott, Francis Rufus Bellamy, Hamilton Wright Mabie (1912). The Outlook, Volume 101. Outlook Co. p. 650. Among the conflicting voices of present-day biologists there are those who, with Karl Pearson, an agnostic, affirm that physics and chemistry "can only describe, but cannot explain." 
  402. ^ a b JPararajasingham. annotation_id=annotation_125833&feature=iv&src_vid=s47ArcQL-XQ&v=6Gt4WSK_NlQ "Another 50 Renowned Academics Speaking About God". Retrieved 11 May 2012. 
  403. ^ Wolfgang Yourgrau (1979). Variational Principles in Dynamics and Quantum Theory (3 ed.). Courier Dover Publications. p. 170.  
  404. ^ Henri Poincare (2012). "VII". The Value of Science: Essential Writings of Henri Poincare. Random House LLC.  
  405. ^ Poincaré, Henri (January 1, 1913). Dernières Pensées. p. 138. Retrieved 10 April 2012. Les dogmes des religions révélées ne sont pas les seuls à craindre. L'empreinte que le catholicisme a imprimée sur l'âme occidentale a été si profonde que bien des esprits à peine affranchis ont eu la nostalgie de la servitude et se sont efforcés de reconstituer des Eglises ; c'est ainsi que certaines écoles positivistes ne sont qu'un catholicisme sans Dieu. Auguste Comte lui- même rêvait de discipliner les âmes et certains de ses disciples, exagérant la pensée du maître, deviendraient bien vite des ennemis de la science s'ils étaient les plus forts. 
  406. ^ Lorraine Daston (1995). Classical Probability in the Enlightenment. Princeton University Press. p. 381.  
  407. ^ "Now Ibn al-Haytham was a devout Muslim – that is, he was a supernaturalist. He studied science because he considered that by doing this he could better understand the nature of the god that he believed in – he thought that a supernatural agent had created the laws of nature. The same is true of virtually all the leading scientists in the Western world, such as Galileo and Newton, who lived after al-Haytham, until about the middle of the twentieth century. There were a few exceptions – Pierre Laplace, Siméon Poisson, Albert Einstein, Paul Dirac and Marie Curie were naturalists for example." John Ellis, How Science Works: Evolution: A Student Primer, page 13.
  408. ^ Harold D. Taylor, Loretta Taylor (1993). George Pólya: master of discovery 1887-1985. Dale Seymour Publications. p. 50.  
  409. ^ "Vladimir Prelog". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  410. ^ "Vilayanur S. Ramachandran interview". BBC Radio 4. Retrieved 12 May 2012. Like most scientists I'm agnostic. If you're talking about God in some very abstract sense, like in India the Dance of Shiva or in the Spinoza sense of the word God, then I'll say I have no problem with it. But if you're talking about an old guy there who's watching me and making sure I behave myself and that I pray to him every day and that I will be punished in Hell if I do something wrong, I don't believe in that. And I don't want to offend anybody here, but that's my personal view. 
  411. ^ Ramananda Chatterjee, ed. (1981). The Modern review, Volume 145. Prabasi Press Private, Ltd. p. 154. CV Raman recehed the Nobel prize for physics in 1930 — and Lc was the first Asian scientist to get a Nobel award. Raman, bom in an orthodox South Indian Brahmin .family, was in agnostic. 
  412. ^ Uma Parameswaran (2011). C.V. Raman: A Biography. Penguin Books India. p. 5.  
  413. ^ Corey S. Powell (July 29, 2006). "The Discover Interview: Lisa Randall". Discover Magazine. Retrieved 17 April 2013. Interviewer: So does your science leave space for untestable faith? Do you believe in God? Randall: There's room there, and it could go either way. Faith just doesn't have anything to do with what I'm doing as a scientist. It's nice if you can believe in God, because then you see more of a purpose in things. Even if you don't, though, it doesn't mean that there's no purpose. It doesn't mean that there's no goodness. I think that there's a virtue in being good in and of itself. I think that one can work with the world we have. So I probably don't believe in God. I think it's a problem that people are considered immoral if they're not religious. That's just not true. This might earn me some enemies, but in some ways they may be even more moral. If you do something for a religious reason, you do it because you'll be rewarded in an afterlife or in this world. That's not quite as good as something you do for purely generous reasons. 
  414. ^ Dorothy Michelson Livingston, One Pass Productions, Cinema Guild (1984). The Master of Light: A Biography of Albert A. Michelson. University of Chicago Press. p. 106. Rayleigh was more tolerant. An Anglican with agnostic tendencies, he avoided direct questions as to his religious beliefs but when pressed would admit that he thought of Christ as a gifted man who could see further and truer than he. But he liked the idea of a power beyond what men see and an afterlife in which they may hope to take part. 
  415. ^ "I submit that Hubble was looking for this principle of tired light. A hundred years from now, people will look back on the Big Bang Creationists and their antics with laughter much as we laugh at those who argued over how many angels can dance on the head of a pin!" Grote Reber,The Big Bang is Bunk, page 49.
  416. ^ Listed as an agnostic on Grote Reber,
  417. ^ "Eugenie Richet was a highly religious woman; Charles made his first communion with real devotion and fleetingly promised to enter the priesthood, but he abandoned his childhood faith during his adolescence. As an adult, he became an agnostic, a freethinker and a Freemason, who was nonetheless fairly tolerant of his wife Amelie's continued faith." Mark S. Micale, The mind of modernism: medicine, psychology, and the cultural arts in Europe and America, 1880-1940 (2004), page 220.
  418. ^ Thomas A. Hockey, ed. (2007). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers: A-L. Springer. p. 978.  
  419. ^ "Richard J. Roberts". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  420. ^ Rotblat: "I have to admit, however, that there are really many things that I do not know. I am not a particularly religious person, and this is the reason for my agnosticism. To be an agnostic simply means that I do not know and will keep seeking the answer for eternity. This is my response to questions about religion." Joseph Rotblat, Daisaku Ikeda, A quest for global peace: Rotblat and Ikeda on war, ethics, and the nuclear threat, Page 94.
  421. ^ "Famed scientist Carl Sagan was also a renowned sceptic and agnostic who during his life refused to believe in anything unless there was physical evidence to support it." "Unbeliever's Quest" by Jerry Adler, in Newsweek, 31 March 1997. Excerpt hosted at HighBeam Research accessed 2 November 2007.
  422. ^ Hargittai, István (April 1999), "Interview: Frederick Sanger", The Chemical Intelligencer (New York: Springer-Verlag) 4 (2): 6–11 . This interview, which took place on 16 September 1997, was republished in: Hargittai, István (2002), "Chapter 5: Frederick Sanger", Candid science II: conversations with famous biomedical scientists, London: Imperial College Press, pp. 73–83,  
  423. ^ Schuster, Peter. "Interview with Peter Schuster". National Catholic Reporter. Archived from the original on 5 April 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2008. ... I was a Catholic, but I no longer consider myself one. I suppose I am agnostic. Let's put it his way -- I have difficulties with the idea of a personal God. I don’t have trouble with God as creator of the world as a whole. 
  424. ^ Clifford E. Olstrom (2011). Undaunted By Blindness, 2nd Edition.  
  425. ^ Kragh, Helge (2004). Matter and spirit in the Universe: scientific and religious preludes to modern cosmology. OECD Publishing. p. 237.  
  426. ^ I.S. Glass (2006). "Harlow Shapley: Defining our galaxy". Revolutionaries of the Cosmos: The Astro-physicists. Oxford University Press. pp. 265–266.  
  427. ^ "Pavlov also sharply criticised Sherrington's agnosticism. "I am all the more surprised," Pavlov went on to say, "that for some reason or other he regards knowledge of this soul as something pernicious and clearly expresses this point of view; according to him..." George Windholz, Psychopathology and psychiatry (1994), page 419.
  428. ^ "By his early teens, Simpson had given up being a Christian, although he had not formally declared himself an atheist. At college he began the gradual development of what might best be called positivistic agnosticism: a belief that the world could be known and explained by ordinary empirical observation without recourse to supernatural forces. Ultimate causation, he considered unknowable." Léo F. Laporte, Simple curiosity; letters from George Gaylord Simpson to his family, 1921-1970 (1987), page 16.
  429. ^ "Jens C. Skou". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  430. ^ Sol Sherry (1993). Reflections and reminiscences of an academic physician. Lea & Febiger. p. 79.  
  431. ^ Dan Barker (2011). The Good Atheist: Living a Purpose-Filled Life Without God. Ulysses Press. p. 184.  
  432. ^ Wesscott Marketing (2006). Y-Origins. World Wide Publications. p. 96.  
  433. ^ John Winthrop Hammond (1924). Charles Proteus Steinmetz: a biography. The Century & Co. p. 447. This has placed him before the public as an atheist.* The title he did not deny. The writer, however, would put him down as a confirmed agnostic, for an atheist is a person who knows there is no God, and Steinmetz was not of that... 
  434. ^ Alessandro Roncaglia. "Piero Sraffa". pp. 22–23. Retrieved 24 July 2012. Sraffa liked walks and bike rides. In Cambridge, he always moved around by bike. He used to get up late in the morning and work late into the night. In Trinity as well as when associated with King’s, he regularly dined in the college. As I noticed when he invited me to dinner at Trinity, he took care to arrive after supper was served, so as to skip the benedicite prayer (he was agnostic, with a leaning for atheism). 
  435. ^ "Albert Szent-Györgyi". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  436. ^ "Both Enrico and Leo were agnostics." Nina Byers, Fermi and Szilard.
  437. ^ William Lanouette, Bela A. Silard (1992). Genius in the shadows: a biography of Leo Szilard : the man behind the bomb. C. Scribner's Sons. p. 167.  
  438. ^ "Igor Y. Tamm". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  439. ^ Edward Teller (2002). Memoirs: A Twentieth Century Journey In Science And Politics. Basic Books. p. 32.  
  440. ^  
  441. ^ "E. Donnall Thomas". Retrieved 18 July 2012. 
  442. ^ "Though research activities dominated his working days, Faraday never neglected to meet with his Christian friends for worship and prayer. We quote again from John Tyndall who, it should be said, was an agnostic: "I think that a good deal of Faraday's week-day strength and persistency might be referred to his Sunday Exercises. He drinks from a fount on Sunday which refreshes his soul for a week."" The Biblical Creation Society, Michael Faraday pioneer scientist - Christian Man of Science, 2002.
  443. ^ "The odd subtext of that offer was that Faraday was intensely religious, and Tyndall was as fascinated with Faraday's convictions as he was with prayer, miracles, and cosmology. Faraday "drinks from a fount on Sunday which refreshes his soul for a week," said the agnostic Tyndall with obvious fascination -- and, perhaps, a trace of envy." John H. Lienhard, Science, Religion, and John Tyndall, The Engines of our Ingenuity.
  444. ^ Chris Mooney (28 February 2011). "Neil deGrasse Tyson – Communicating Science". Point of Inquiry (Podcast). Center for Inquiry. Retrieved 3 March 2011. 
  445. ^ ""I'm an agnostic. Sometimes I muse deeply on the forces that are for me invisible. When I am almost close to the idea of God, I feel immediately estranged by the horrors of this world, which he seems to tolerate..." Later Ulam expressed his opinions about matters that have very little in common with science." Polska Agencja Międzyprasowa, Poland: Issue 9 (1976).
  446. ^ Budrewicz/, Olgierd (1977). The melting-pot revisited: twenty well-known Americans of Polish background. Interpress. p. 36. Retrieved 2012-09-11. 
  447. ^ John Simmons (1996). The scientific 100: a rankings of the most influential scientists, past and present. Carol Publishing Group. p. 90.  
  448. ^ "Virchow had no use for teleology in pathology: "The teleo-logical purists were always forced to go back to original sin,* without finding this way much recognition." We found Virchow to be an agnostic as early as 1845." Erwin Heinz Ackerknecht, Rudolf Virchow: doctor, statesman, anthropologist (1953), page 51.
  449. ^ William Poundstone (1993). Prisoner's Dilemma. Random House Digital, Inc.  
  450. ^ Norman MacRae (1992). John Von Neumann: The Scientific Genius Who Pioneered the Modern Computer, Game Theory, Nuclear Deterrence, and Much More (2 ed.). American Mathematical Soc. p. 379.  
  451. ^ Abraham Pais (2006). J. Robert Oppenheimer: A Life. Oxford University Press. p. 109.  
  452. ^ Robert Dransfield, Don Dransfield (2003). Key Ideas in Economics. Nelson Thornes. p. 124.  
  453. ^ Alfred Russel Wallace. My Life. A record of events and opinions. p. 358.  
  454. ^ "Andre Weil was an agnostic but respected religions." I. Grattan-Guinness, Bhuri Singh Yadav, History of the Mathematical Sciences (2004).
  455. ^ Paul Betz, Mark Christopher Carnes, American Council of Learned Societies (2002). Paul Betz, Mark Christopher Carnes, ed. American national biography: Supplement, Volume 1. Oxford University Press. p. 676.  
  456. ^ Karl Pearson (2011). Walter Frank Raphael Weldon 1860-1906: A Memoir Reprinted from Biometrika. Cambridge University Press. p. 5.  
  457. ^ "On June 2, 1964, Swami Sarvagatananda presided over the memorial service at MIT in remembrance of Norbert Wiener — scion of Maimonides, father of cybernetics, avowed agnostic — reciting in Sanskrit from the holy books of Hinduism, the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita." Flo Conway, Jim Siegelman, Dark Hero of the Information Age: In Search Of Norbert Wiener--Father of Cybernetics (2006), page 329.
  458. ^ Eugene Paul Wigner, Andrew Szanton (1992). Andrew Szanton, ed. The Recollections of Eugene P. Wigner As Told to Andrew Szanton. Basic Books. p. 60.  
  459. ^ "Although Wilczek grew up in the Roman Catholic faith, he now considers himself agnostic. He still has a fondness for the Church, so this book should not offend Christians. In fact Wilczek cites Father James Malley for a Jesuit Credo that states: "It is more blessed to ask forgiveness than permission."" Jim Walker, [14]
  460. ^ Wozniak, Steven. "Letters-General Questions Answered". Retrieved 26 September 2007. ... I am also atheist or agnostic (I don't even know the difference). I've never been to church and prefer to think for myself. I do believe that religions stand for good things, and that if you make irrational sacrifices for a religion, then everyone can tell that your religion is important to you and can trust that your most important inner faiths are strong. 
  461. ^ Jesse Hong Xiong (2009). "Seven". The Outline of Parapsychology. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 322.  
  462. ^ Eric D. Schneider, Dorion Sagan (2005). Into the Cool: Energy Flow, Thermodynamics, and Life. University of Chicago Press. p. 22.  
  463. ^ Zinsser, Hans; Gerald N. Grob (2007). Rats, Lice, and History. Transaction Publishers. p. xxvii.  
  464. ^ Listed as an agnostic on Hans Zinsser,
  465. ^ "Kmhawk". OkCupid. Retrieved 3/7/2013. 
  466. ^ Shaun Barnett. "Hillary, Edmund Percival". Retrieved 14 May 2012. Hillary absorbed some of his father’s passion for social justice and Christian ideals, which he later tempered into an agnostic but compassionate and optimistic world-view. 
  467. ^ Krakauer, Jon Where Men Win Glory, Doubleday, 2009, p 116, 314. "Tillman was an agnostic, perhaps even an atheist". See also quotes from Tillman's brother Kevin.
  468. ^

External links

  • Agnostics in The Celebrity Atheist List
  • Famous Black Freethinkers
  • Famous Dead Nontheists
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