List of first African-American mayors

In the 19th century in the American South during Reconstruction, African Americans began to be elected to many local offices, such as sheriff or Justice of the Peace, and some became the first African-American mayors of cities and towns. After this brief period, African Americans found themselves unable to obtain mayoral offices due to racial discrimination. In the 1960s, they again began to be elected or appointed to mayoral positions following the achievements of the civil rights movement and passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965. Achievements in African Americans' being elected mayor in majority-European American and other municipalities made their political participation one of daily life in many localities.

Contents

19th century: 1860s1880s
20th century: 1960s1970s1980s1990s
21st century: 2000s2010s
References

1860s

  • 1868
First African American elected mayor of a U.S. town: Pierre Caliste Landry, Donaldsonville, Louisiana[1]
  • 1869
First African-American mayor of Maryville, Tennessee: W. B. Scott[2]

1880s

  • 1888
First African-American mayor of a predominantly white U.S. town, and of a Western U.S. town: Edward Duplex, Wheatland, California[3]

1960s

  • 1966
First African-American mayor of a U.S. city: Robert C. Henry, Springfield, Ohio (appointed by city commission)
First African American elected mayor of a large U.S. city: Richard G. Hatcher (Gary, Indiana) (Hatcher was elected before Stokes but did not take office until after him)
  • 1967
First African American mayor of a large U.S. city: Carl Stokes (Cleveland, Ohio)
First African American appointed mayor of Washington, D.C.: Walter Washington (see also: 1975)
  • 1968
First African American elected Mayor of Montclair, New Jersey: Matthew G. Carter[4]
First African American mayor of a Kentucky city: Luska Twyman, Glasgow, Kentucky
First African American elected mayor of a predominantly white southern city: Howard Nathaniel Lee, Chapel Hill, North Carolina[5]
  • 1969
First African American elected mayor of a Mississippi city: Charles Evers, Fayette, Mississippi[6]

1970s

  • 1970
First African American elected mayor of Newark, New Jersey: Kenneth A. Gibson
First African American elected mayor of East Orange, New Jersey: William Hart
First African American elected mayor of Dayton, Ohio: James H. McGee
First African American appointed mayor of Wichita, Kansas: A. Price Woodard[7]
First African-American elected mayor of Salina, Kansas: Robert C. Caldwell[8]
  • 1971
First African American appointed mayor of Grand Rapids, Michigan: Lyman Parks (see also: 1973)
First African American elected mayor of East St. Louis, Illinois: James Williams
  • 1972
First African-American mayor of Tallahassee, Florida and first African American mayor of a state capital: James R. Ford
First African-American mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio: Ted Berry
  • 1973
First African American elected mayor of Detroit, Michigan: Coleman Young
First African American elected mayor of Raleigh, North Carolina: Clarence Lightner
First African American elected mayor of a major Southern city: [9]
First African American elected mayor of a major Western city: Tom Bradley, Los Angeles, California
First African American woman mayor of a major satellite city: Doris A. Davis, Compton, California
First African American elected mayor of Grand Rapids, Michigan: Lyman Parks (see also: 1971)
  • 1975
First African American elected mayor, and first elected mayor, of Washington, D.C.: Walter Washington (see also: 1967)
First African American mayor of Santa Monica, California: Nat Trives
  • 1977
First African American mayor of Richmond, Virginia: Henry L. Marsh[10] (Note: elected from within nine City Council members; changed to general election in 2003)
  • 1978
First African American elected mayor of Oakland, California: Lionel Wilson
First African American elected mayor of New Orleans: Ernest Nathan Morial
  • 1979
First African American elected mayor of Birmingham, Alabama: Richard Arrington, Jr.

1980s

  • 1981
First African American elected Mayor of Camden, New Jersey: Randy Primas[11]
First African American elected mayor of Spokane, Washington: James Everett Chase
  • 1982
First African American appointed mayor of Memphis, Tennessee: J.O. Patterson, Jr.
  • 1983
First African American elected Mayor of Chicago: Harold Washington
First African American elected mayor of Charlotte, North Carolina: Harvey Gantt
First African American elected Mayor of Flint: James Sharp
  • 1984
First African American elected Mayor of Atlantic City, New Jersey: James L. Usry
First African American elected Mayor of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: Wilson Goode
First African American elected mayor of Portsmouth, Virginia: James W. Holley, III
First African American elected mayor of Hurtsboro, Alabama: Mary Kate Stovall
  • 1987
First African American woman elected mayor of a Major City Hartford, Connecticut: Carrie Saxon Perry
First African American appointed mayor of Baltimore, Maryland: Clarence H. Burns
  • 1988
First African American elected mayor of Baltimore, Maryland: Kurt Schmoke
First African American elected mayor of Hempstead, New York: James A. Garner
  • 1989
First African American elected mayor of New York, New York: David Dinkins
First African American elected mayor of New Haven, Connecticut: John C. Daniels
First African American elected mayor of [12]
First African American elected mayor of Rockford, Illinois: Charles Box
First African American elected mayor of Seattle, Washington: Norm Rice
First African American succeeds to the office of mayor of Minden, Louisiana, via recall of his predecessor: Robert T. Tobin

1990s

  • 1990
First African American elected Mayor of Trenton, New Jersey: Douglas Palmer
First African American elected mayor of [13]
First African American elected Mayor of Seattle, Washington: Norm Rice [14]
  • 1991
First African American elected mayor of Memphis, Tennessee: W. W. Herenton
First African American elected mayor of Denver, Colorado: Wellington Webb
First African American elected mayor of Kansas City, Missouri: Emanuel Cleaver
First African American woman elected mayor of Washington, D.C.: Sharon Pratt Kelly
  • 1993
First African American elected mayor of St. Louis, Missouri: Freeman Bosley, Jr.
First African American elected mayor of Rochester, New York: William A. Johnson, Jr.
  • 1994
First African American and first woman elected mayor of Minneapolis, Minnesota: Sharon Sayles Belton
  • 1995
First African American elected mayor of Dallas, Texas: Ron Kirk
First African American elected mayor of Jeanerette, Louisiana: James "T.K." Alexander Sr.(mayor)
  • 1996
First African American elected mayor of San Francisco, California: Willie Brown
First African American elected mayor of Monroe, Louisiana: Abe E. Pierce, III
  • 1997
First African American elected mayor of Jackson, Mississippi: Harvey Johnson, Jr.
First African American elected mayor of Houston, Texas: Lee P. Brown
  • 1999
First and current African American mayor of Pineville, Louisiana: Clarence R. Fields (became interim mayor late in 1999 and was elected to a partial term in 2000 and reelected to full terms in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014

2000s

  • 2000
First African American elected mayor of Columbus, Ohio: Michael B. Coleman
First African American elected mayor of Selma, Alabama: James Perkins, Jr.
  • 2001
First African-American elected Mayor of Hattiesburg, Mississippi: Johnny DuPree[15]
First African-American woman mayor of major Southern city, and first woman to be elected mayor of Shirley Franklin[16]
First African American and first woman elected mayor of Southfield, Michigan: Brenda L. Lawrence
First African American elected Mayor of Heidelberg, Mississippi: Juan Barnett
First African American elected Mayor of Fayetteville, North Carolina: Marshall Pitts Jr.[17]
First African American elected Mayor of Tchula, Mississippi who was a woman and a Republican: Yvonne Brown[18]
  • 2002
First African-American woman elected mayor of Dayton, Ohio: Rhine McLin
First African-American elected mayor of Toledo, Ohio: Jack Ford
First African-American elected mayor of Kenneth E. Smith, Sr. (politician)
  • 2003
First African-American elected mayor of Palm Springs, California: Ron Oden
First African American elected by citizens as mayor of Tallahassee, Florida: John Marks
First African-American elected mayor, and first elected mayor, of San Ramon, California: H. Abram Wilson
  • 2004
First African American elected mayor of Baton Rouge, Louisiana: Kip Holden
First African American mayor of Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Marvin Pratt
First African American elected mayor of Pine Bluff, Arkansas: Carl A. Redus, Jr.[19]
  • 2005
First African American elected mayor of Buffalo, New York: Byron Brown
First African American elected mayor of Mobile, Alabama: Sam Jones
First African American elected mayor of Asheville, North Carolina: Terry Bellamy
First African American elected mayor of Cincinnati, Ohio: Mark Mallory
First African American elected mayor of Youngstown, Ohio: Jay Williams
  • 2006
First African American elected mayor of Shreveport, Louisiana: Cedric Glover
First African American elected mayor of Anderson, South Carolina: Terence Roberts
  • 2007
First African American woman and first woman elected mayor of Baltimore, Maryland: Sheila Dixon
First African American elected mayor of Greensboro, North Carolina: Yvonne Johnson
First African American elected mayor of Wichita, Kansas: Carl Brewer
First African American elected mayor of South Harrison Township, New Jersey: Charles Tyson[20]
  • 2008
First African American elected mayor of Blue Springs, Missouri: Carson Ross
First African American elected mayor of Lancaster, Texas: Marcus Knight
First African American elected mayor of Mansfield, Ohio: Donald Culliver
First African American elected mayor of Sacramento, California: Kevin Johnson
First African American mayor of Festus, Missouri: Earl Cook[21]
First African-American elected Mayor of Damascus, Georgia : Vivian Pounder
  • 2009
First African American elected mayor of Philadelphia, Mississippi: James Young
First African American elected mayor of Freeport, New York: Andrew Hardwick[22]
First African American and first woman elected mayor of Saratoga Springs, Utah, and first African-American woman elected mayor in Utah: Mia Love[23]
First African American and First African American Female Elected Mayor of Brentwood, MD Xzavier Montgomery-Wright http://ww2.gazette.net/stories/02182010/collnew181053_32549.php

2010s

  • 2010
First African-American and first African-American woman elected mayor of Fontana, California: Acquanetta Warren [24]
First African American elected mayor of Columbia, South Carolina: Stephen K. Benjamin
  • 2011
First African American elected mayor of Jacksonville, Florida: Alvin Brown[25]
  • 2012
First African-American Mayor of Ithaca, New York: Svante Myrick
First African-American Mayor of Antioch, California: Wade Harper[26]
First African-American Mayor of Garland, North Carolina: Winifred Hill Murphy
First African American and first woman mayor of Orrville, Alabama: Louvenia Diane Lumpkin
  • 2014
First African-American Mayor of Cornell Harvey
First African-American and first African-American woman mayor of San Antonio, TX: Ivy Taylor[27]
First African-American Mayor of Purcellville, Virginia: Kwasi Fraser
First African-American woman elected mayor of Shreveport, Louisiana: Ollie Tyler
First African-American Mayor of (Adairsville ,Georgia) Kenneth J. Carson Sr.
  • 2015
First African-American and first African-American woman elected mayor of Pearsall, Texas: Mary Moore [28]

See also

References

  1. ^ Ron Stodghill, "Driving Back Into Louisiana’s History", The New York Times, 25 May 2008, accessed 7 Jul 2008
  2. ^ City of Maryville: "Maryville Historic Timeline"
  3. ^ "African American History American West Timeline", BlackPast.org, accessed 3 Aug 2008
  4. ^
  5. ^ Howard N. Lee, North Carolina Utilities Commission, accessed 25 May 2008
  6. ^ Dark Journey: Black Mississippians in the Age of Jim CrowNeil R. McMillen, , Chicago: University of Illinois, 1990, p.26
  7. ^ " Previous Wichita Mayors 1950-1989" City of Wichita
  8. ^ "Robert C. Caldwell" at the University of Kansas Libraries Kenneth Spencer Research Library
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ McLaughlin, Lacey "Democrats: The Mayor or the Businessman?" Jackson Free Press July 13, 2011 Retrieved August 21, 2011
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^ ArkansasMatters.com: "Arkansas Mayoral Runoff Election Results", November 26, 2008
  20. ^ "Former South Harrison mayor who endured death threats steps down from council", Associated Press via NJ.com, November 10, 2009
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^ "Alvin Brown makes history, becoming city's first African-American mayor", The Florida Times-Union, May 18, 2011
  26. ^ [2], "Contra Costa Times", December 26, 2012
  27. ^ "Taylor makes History", "San Antonio Express News", July 22nd, 2014
  28. ^
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