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List of the oldest buildings in the United States

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Title: List of the oldest buildings in the United States  
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Subject: Fairbanks House (Dedham, Massachusetts), The Witch House, Wall House (Elkins Park, Pennsylvania), C. A. Nothnagle Log House, List of burial mounds in the United States
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List of the oldest buildings in the United States

This article attempts to list the oldest extant, freestanding buildings constructed in the United States and its territories. The list includes sites in current states and territories which were not part of the original Thirteen Colonies when the United States of America. was founded in 1776. Sites on the list are generally from the First Period of American architecture or earlier.

Building Image Location State First Built Use Notes
Ancestral Puebloan communities New Mexico, Arizona, Colorado, Utah NM
750 – Pueblo construction begins in AD 750 and continues to present Villages Majority of settlements abandoned, but some very well preserved. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.
Taos Pueblo north of the modern city of Taos NM 1000 – Built between 1000 and 1450 Residential Said to be the oldest continuously inhabited houses still occupied. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[1]
Acoma Pueblo on top of a 367-foot (112 m) sandstone mesa in Cibola County NM 1000 – Built between 1000 and 1200 Residential Said to be the oldest continuously inhabited site in the U.S.. Buildings have been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.
Cathedral of San Juan Bautista Old San Juan PR 1521 Religious Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest church building in the US and its territories, originally built in its current location (extensive additions and renovations). The Cathedral has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
San José Church Old San Juan PR 1532 Religious Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Additions and renovations over the centuries. The church has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
La Fortaleza Old San Juan PR 1533 Government Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Oldest executive mansion in the New World. Extensive reconstructions took place. Building has been within the U.S. since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.
Castillo San Felipe del Morro Old San Juan PR 1539 Government Part of the San Juan National Historic Site. Construction started in 1539, with extensive additions over the centuries. Building has been within the U.S. since 1898 when Puerto Rico was annexed.
Porta Coeli San Germán PR 1609 Religious The church has been on U.S. territory since Puerto Rico was annexed in 1898.
Palace of the Governors Santa Fe NM 1610 Government Oldest seat of colonial government (Spanish). Building has been within the U.S. since 1848, when New Mexico was annexed.[2]
San Miguel Mission Santa Fe NM 1610 Government/religious Said to be the oldest church structure built in the US. The original adobe walls and altar were built by the Tlaxcalan Indians from Mexico, but much of the structure was rebuilt in 1710. Building has been within the U.S. since 1848 when New Mexico was annexed.[3]
Fairbanks House Dedham MA 1637 Residential Oldest house in the United States of timber-frame construction. Date verified using dendrochronology.[4]
John Humphreys House Swampscott MA 1637 c. Residential Oldest house in Swampscott; moved in 1891 to present site (99 Paradise Road) from Elmwood Road.
C. A. Nothnagle Log House Gibbstown NJ 1638–43 c. Residential Purportedly the oldest surviving log house in the U.S. and the oldest house in New Jersey.
A carpenter's shed Gardiners Island NY 1639 Residential The oldest surviving wooden structure built in New York and was purportedly built when Lion Gardiner first settled on the island.
Henry Whitfield House Guilford CT 1639 Residential Oldest stone American Colonial house;[5] oldest house in Connecticut.
Jamestown Church Jamestown VA 1639–43 Religious Oldest church building in the eastern US (though only the church tower and foundations remain from the original building.)[6]
Loomis Homestead Windsor CT 1640 Residential One of the oldest timber-frame houses in America. The oldest part of the house was built in 1640 by Joseph Loomis, who came to America from England in 1638. Later additions to the Loomis house were made around the turn of the eighteenth century. It is now a part of the Loomis Chaffee School.
Richard Sparrow House Plymouth MA 1640 Residential Oldest house in Plymouth, Massachusetts.
Broad Bay Manor Virginia Beach VA 1640 c. or 1660 c. Residential Purportedly the oldest extant European-built house in the southeastern United States. Built by Thomas Allen either c.1640 [7] or c. 1660 [8] on land granted to him by Governor Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr. The small center portion of what is now a much larger structure, it was primarily constructed from Flemish bond brick. Corroborative dating efforts have not been performed. It has always been a private residence. It is located in the Broad Bay Colony part of northeastern Virginia Beach. [9]
Lower Swedish Cabin Drexel Hill PA ca. 1640–50 Residential One of the earliest extant examples of Swedish log construction in the United States.[10]
Comfort Starr House Guilford CT 1645–6 Residential The house, still in its primitive state, is named after its second owner, Comfort Starr.
De Vargas Street House Santa Fe NM 1646 Residential Previously alleged to be oldest house in the US and Santa Fe.
General Israel Putnam House Danvers MA 1648 c. Residential Recorded in the National Register of Historic Places. The house is now operated by the Danvers Historical Society and open by appointment.
Old House Cutchogue NY 1649 Residential One of the oldest houses in the state; moved in 1661 to present site from Southold.
Pickering House Salem MA 1651 Residential Located in the Chestnut Street District.
Wyckoff House Brooklyn NY 1652 Residential Oldest house in New York City.[11]
Macy-Colby House Amesbury MA pre-1654 Residential Built by Thomas Macy, and owned by Anthony Colby and his descendants for 245 years. Now owned by the Bartlett Cemetery Association, and maintained by the Friends of the Macy-Colby House Association.
Block House Claymont DE 1654 Residential One of the oldest structures in Delaware, built by the Swedish.
Ryves Holt House Lewes DE 1655 Residential Purportedly the oldest house in Delaware.
Newman-Fiske-Dodge House Wenham MA 1658 Residential Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1990.
Old Halsey House Southampton NY 1660 Residential Built by Thomas Halsey, an English pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Thomas Lee House East Lyme CT 1660–4 Residential One of the oldest wood frame houses in Connecticut still in its primitive state.
James Blake House Boston MA 1661 c. Residential Oldest house in the city of Boston.
John Bowne House Flushing, Queens NY 1661 c. Residential Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1977.
Reverend James Keith Parsonage West Bridgewater MA 1662 Residential Preserved and maintained by the Old Bridgewater Historical Society.
Bray House Kittery Point ME 1662 c. Residential Oldest house in Maine.
Bronck House Coxsackie NY 1663 Residential Oldest house in upstate New York.
Richard Jackson House Portsmouth NH 1664 Residential Oldest house in New Hampshire.[12]
Pickman House Salem MA 1664 Residential Located on Charter Street behind the Peabody Essex Museum, the oldest continually operated museum in America. The house abuts the Witch Memorial and is also next to the second oldest burying ground in America. The house is private, owned by the Peabody Essex Museum and not open for tours.
Gedney House Salem MA 1665 Residential Allegedly the second oldest house in the City of Salem, located in the Chestnut Street District and operated as a non-profit museum by Historic New England. The house is rarely open to the public, though private tours can be arranged.
Bacon's Castle Surry VA 1665 Residential Located at 465 Bacon's Castle Trail in Surry, VA, this is perhaps the oldest non-ruined building with satisfactorily credible age authentication still standing in the Commonwealth of Virginia and one of the oldest brick buildings still standing in the United States. If Broad Bay Manor's age is authenticated, it could predate Bacon's Castle by up to 25 years.
Billiou-Stillwell-Perine House Staten Island NY 1665 c. Residential Built by Pierre Billiou, a French Huguenot pioneer, the house is now a museum.
Alexander Standish House Duxbury MA 1666 Residential Home of the son of Pilgrim Capt. Miles Standish.
Jabez Howland House Plymouth MA 1667 Residential Only extant house in Plymouth occupied by Pilgrims. John Howland and his wife, Elizabeth Tilley Howland, who both came over on the Mayflower, spent their winters here with their son, Jabez, one of their 10 children. Also a National Historic Landmark.[13]
House of the Seven Gables Salem MA 1668 Residential National Historic Landmark, setting of the Nathaniel Hawthorne novel.
Chaplin-Clarke House Rowley MA 1670 Residential Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979.
Abraham Manee House Maneeseguine5 Staten Island, New York NY 1670 Residential The Abraham Manee House, also known as the Manee-Seguine Homestead, is a three-part Colonial Dutch dwelling similar to the Billiou-Stillwell-Perine House in Old Town, and was designated a New York City landmark in 1984.
Stanton-Davis Homestead Museum Stonington CT 1670–1700 Farmhouse The farm has been worked every year since 1654.
Ephraim Hawley House Trumbull CT 1670–90 Residential Oldest house in the historic area of Nichols.
Newport Tower Newport RI 1670 c. (disputed to be older) Commercial Colonial windmill.[14] No roof or floors since the mid-18th century.
The Tappen House/Cornelius Tappen House/Vandenburgh-Hasbrouck House Kingston NY 1670 c. Restaurant A stone saltbox that survived the burning of Kingston by the British in 1777. First Post Office of Kingston & home of George Clinton, governor of New York and fourth Vice President of the United States. Slated for demolition in the 70s it was saved by a bank that then left it unused and forgotten for decades. In 2013 the building was refurbished by chef Dan Sherman and historically restored for use as a New American restaurant highlighting the buildings
Nehemiah Royce House Wallingford CT 1672 Residential A typical George Washington in 1775.
Castillo de San Marcos St. Augustine FL 1672–95 Government Oldest masonry fortification in the United States.
White Horse Tavern Newport RI 1673 Tavern Oldest tavern in America.[15]
Old Trinity Church, Maryland Church Creek, Maryland MD 1675 Religious Church building in continuous use; as such, oldest in the US.[16]
Narbonne House Salem MA 1675 Residential On the Waterfront in Salem and owned by the National Park Service.
Conference House Staten Island NY 1675 c. Residential Only pre-Revolutionary manor house still surviving in New York City.
Hoxie House Sandwich MA 1675 c. Residential One of the oldest houses on Cape Cod.
The Witch House Salem MA 1675 c. Residential Also called the Jonathan Corwin House, this was the home of Judge Jonathan Corwin [17] and is the only structure still standing in Salem, Massachusetts with direct ties to the Salem witch trials of 1692.[18] Even though Jonathan Corwin's descendants claim the house was built in 1642, most historians now believe the house was built c.1675.[19] The house, located in the Chestnut Street District, is now a museum operated by the City of Salem and is open seasonally.
Harlow Old Fort House Plymouth MA 1677 Residential Built in 1677 by Sergeant William Harlow, using timbers from the Pilgrims' original fort on Burial Hill.
Edward Searle House Cranston RI 1677 Residential The house was rebuilt in 1677 on the site of the original 1670 structure, destroyed by Native Americans during King Philip's War.
John Whipple House Ipswich MA 1677 Residential In 2005 a dendrochronology test determined that the earliest surviving part of the house was actually built in 1677. A major addition of roughly equal size was built in 1690, and there are various later additions.
Coffin House Newbury MA 1678 c. Residential Built by Tristram Coffin, Jr., in 1678, the property remained within the Coffin family until acquired by Historic New England in 1929. It is now a museum.
Smith's Castle Wickford RI 1678 Residential One of the oldest houses in Rhode Island, now a museum.
Rebecca Nurse Homestead Danvers MA 1678 c. Residential Rebecca Nurse, executed in the Salem witch trials of 1692, was the most notable resident.
Clement Weaver House East Greenwich RI 1679 Residential Oldest privately owned house in Rhode Island.[20]
John Balch House Beverly MA 1679 c. Residential John Balch received the deed to the land on which the house sits in 1635; the building was constructed by Balch's son and grandson in 1678/1679,[21] and is one of the oldest continuously privately deeded properties in the United States. The original structure in the front dates to 1679, while the back half addition is dated to 1721;[21] these data have been verified using dendrochronology.
Peak House Medfield, Massachusetts MA 1680 Residential One of the earliest surviving examples of Post-medieval English (Elizabethan) architecture in the United States. Was originally built in 1651 but was reconstructed after it was burned down during King Philip's War.
Paul Revere House Boston MA 1680 c. Residential Oldest building in downtown Boston.[22]
William Penn Guest House New Castle DE 1680 c. Residential Oldest buildings in New Castle. Purportedly where William Penn lodged after first arrival in America.
John Adams Birthplace Quincy MA 1681 Farmhouse Oldest existing building within which a future President of the United States was born (John Adams, October 30, 1735)


Old Ship Church Hingham MA 1681 Religious Oldest church in continuous ecclesiastical use in the United States; only remaining 17th century Puritan meeting house in America.[24]
St. Luke's Church Smithfield VA 1682 Religious Recent dendrochronology studies confirm the 1682 date of this National Historic Landmark.[25]
Wall House Cheltenham Township PA 1682 Residential Possibly the oldest stone house in Pennsylvania. Built for Richard Wall, the founder of Cheltenham Township.
Third Haven Meeting House Talbot County MD 1682 Religious Oldest Quaker meeting house in the United States.
Parson Capen House Topsfield MA 1683 Residential The house was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1960.[26] The Topsfield Historical Society currently operates it as a historic house museum.[27]
Caleb Pusey House Upland PA 1683 Residential Only extant building known to have been visited by William Penn. Completed in 1696.
Old Indian Meeting House Mashpee MA 1684 Religious Oldest Native American church.
John Ward House Salem MA 1684 Residential The John Ward House is a National Historic Landmark at 132 Essex Street in Salem, Massachusetts, located in the Downtown Salem District and added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.
Old Dutch Church of Sleepy Hollow Sleepy Hollow NY 1685 Religious Oldest church in the State of New York.
Sign of the Bird in Hand Sign of the Bird in Hand Newtown Borough PA 1686 Tavern Originally a residence, then tavern with other uses. Oldest frame house still standing in Pennsylvania. Famous as the site of the 1778 Newtown Skirmish during which Loyalists killed 5 and captured 16 to acquire cloth being manufactured for use by Washington's troops at Valley Forge. Now a private residence.
Jethro Coffin House Nantucket MA 1686 Residential Oldest house on Nantucket.[28] It was declared a National Historic Landmark and listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1968.[26][29]
William Murray House Salem MA 1688 Residential A historic house at 39 Essex Street.
Wilbor House Little Compton RI 1690 Residential Added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, the house serves as the headquarters of the Little Compton Historical Society.
Acadian House Guilford CT 1690 c. Residential The house gets its name after the Acadians who resided there following the 1755 Great Expulsion.[30]
Farmar Mill Fort Washington PA 1690 c. Mill Oldest surviving mill in Pennsylvania.
Spencer-Peirce-Little Farm Newbury MA 1690 c. Residential One of the oldest stone buildings in New England, now a nonprofit museum.
Hyland-Wildman House Guilford CT 1690–1710 c. Residential Open to the public since 1918.[31] Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.
Old Quaker Meeting House Flushing, Queens NY 1694 Religious The only surviving example in New York State of a typical 17th century ecclesiastical frame structure of medieval design.[32]
Pink House Charleston SC 1694–1712 Residential Built by John Breton in the city's French Quarter, the house is one of the oldest buildings in South Carolina and the oldest building in Charleston.
Wren Building Williamsburg VA 1695 School Oldest school building in America, original The College of William & Mary structure.[33]
Merion Friends Meeting House Merion Station PA 1695 Religious One of the oldest Quaker meeting houses in America.
Holy Trinity Church Wilmington DE 1698–9 Religious Oldest Swedish church in the United States. The building was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1961.[26]
Great Friends Meeting House Newport RI 1699 Religious Expanded in 1730, 1807, 1857, and 1867 to accommodate the New England Yearly Meeting of Friends.
Hoyt-Barnum House Stamford CT 1699 c. Residential The builder was a descendant of one of the original founders of Stamford. The structure is owned and maintained as a museum by the Stamford Historical Society.
Middleburg Plantation Huger SC 1699 c. Residential A plantation founded by a French Huguenot Benjamin Simons in 1699 on the Cooper River near Huger, South Carolina.
Benoni Fox House Concord MA 1700 Residential This is one of the oldest buildings of the Fox family in the United States.
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church Philadelphia PA 1700 Religious Oldest surviving church in Philadelphia.
Edward Morgan Log House Towamencin PA 1700 Residential Home to the maternal grandfather of Daniel Morgan
The Hosmer Homestead Concord MA 1707-1710 Residential The Hosmer Homestead, also known as the Hosmer/Baker Farm, is an historic house at 138 Baker Avenue in Concord, Massachusetts. The oldest portion of this 2-1/2 story wood frame house was probably built c. 1707 - 1710 by Stephen Hosmer, based on architectural evidence. The property has a long association with the Hosmer family, who were early settlers of Concord and who have played a significant role in the growth and civic life of the town. The house interior has well-preserved Georgian woodwork and plaster.
The Whitcomb Inn and Farm Bolton MA c. 1708 Residential The Whitcomb Inn and Farm (also known as the David and Tilly Whitcomb House and Farm, and the Samuel Wheeler House and Farm) is an historic farm at 43 Old Sugar Road in Bolton, Massachusetts. The oldest portion of the farmhouse, which is believed to be the oldest building in Bolton, is estimated to have been built c. 1708, when David Whitcomb acquired the land from his father. He lived there with his wife, the previously widowed Mary Hayward Fairbanks. She had been a captive of Indians for two years, and had learned certain herbal medicines from them, which she employed when she returned from captivity. This earned her the title "Doctress" Whitcomb.
Buttolph-Williams House Wethersfield CT 1711 Residential One of the oldest surviving homes in Wethersfield, declared a National Historic Landmark in 1968.[34]
The Powder Magazine Charleston SC 1713 Government Oldest public building in South Carolina. The Powder Magazine Museum.
Old State House Boston MA 1713 Government Oldest surviving public building in Boston. The Bostonian Society Museum.
Perth Amboy City Hall Perth Amboy City Hall Perth Amboy NJ 1714–7 Government Oldest city hall in USA.
Massachusetts Hall Cambridge MA 1718–20 School Oldest extant building at Harvard University.
Garretson Forge and Farm Fair Lawn NJ 1720 Residential One of the oldest homes in Bergen County, New Jersey.
Wayside Cottage Scarsdale NY 1720 c. Residential One of the oldest houses in Westchester County, NY. Owned and operated by the Junior League of Central Westchester.
Gonzalez-Alvarez House St. Augustine FL 1723 c. Residential Oldest house in St. Augustine, the oldest continuously occupied European-established city in the continental United States.[35]
Alamo Mission Long Barracks San Antonio TX 1724 c. Religious The Alamo Chapel and Priests quarters and convent (Long Barracks) in San Antonio. In the center of the surrounding area are the remains of the "Long Barracks" which were constructed 20 years before the Chapel. Founded in 1718 and moved to present site 1724.
Reuben Brown House Concord MA 1725 Residential Built in 1725 by the town saddler, Reuben Brown. There is also a strong tradition that the house was the home of Peter Bulkeley, which is why the house is often referred to as the Peter Bulkeley / Reuben Brown House. The evidence is still unclear whether or not the Bulkeleys did build the house some 300 years ago. What historians can conclude, however, is that the house was either completely updated or built by Reuben Brown in 1725, since most of the house's present features are typical of houses from 1700 to 1730.
Fort Niagara Youngstown NY 1726 Fortification Built in 1726 by the French as a "house of peace". Taken by the British in 1759, the fledgling United States regained control by treaty in 1796. It was lost to the British in 1813, but was relinquished as a result of the Treaty of Ghent, and has remained in the hands of the United States ever since.
James Smith House Needham, Massachusetts MA 1727-1728 Residential The house was built by James Smith, a recent Irish immigrant. HIs son, Captain Robert Smith, who commanded one of the militia companies from Needham engaged in the fighting the day of the Battle of Concord Bridge, may have been born and lived here.
48 Hudson Avenue Albany NY 1728 Residential Oldest stand-alone structure in Albany.
Findowrie Albemarle County VA 1730 Residential Claimed as the oldest unaltered residence in Virginia.
Ephrata Cloister Lancaster County PA 1732 Religious Last surviving resident of the Ephrata Cloister religious community died on July 27, 2008, at the age of 98.
Quackenbush House Albany NY 1736 Residential Until recently considered the oldest house and structure in the city of Albany and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Currently the location of the The Olde English Pub & Pantry.
Oxford Furnace Oxford Township NJ 1741 Furnace First hot blast furnace in the United States.
Fort Matanzas St. Johns County FL 1740–2 Presidio Designated a United States National Monument on October 15, 1924.[36]
Old Ursuline Convent New Orleans LA 1748 (or 1752) Religious Considered the oldest building in Louisiana.[29]
Presidio La Bahía Goliad TX 1749 Presidio The best preserved Spanish presidio in the United States.
Mount Holly Firehouse Mount Holly NJ 1752 Firehouse Oldest firehouse in the USA, established by what is now the oldest continuously operating [38]
Fort de Chartres Powder Magazine Prairie du Rocher IL 1753–1756 Government Oldest building in Illinois.
Proprietary House Perth Amboy NJ 1762 Government Oldest remaining colonial proprietary governor's residence in the original Thirteen States.
Touro Synagogue Newport RI 1763 Religious Oldest synagogue building in the United States.[39]
Fort Pitt Blockhouse Pittsburgh PA 1764 Defense Oldest structure in Pittsburgh. One of the oldest colonial structures west of the Allegheny mountains.
Sandy Hook Light Sandy Hook NJ 1764 Lighthouse Oldest original lighthouse in USA.
Maryland State House Annapolis MD 1772 Government Oldest state house in continuous use in the United States.
Mission San Juan Capistrano San Juan Capistrano CA 1776 Mission Oldest surviving building in California.
Officer's Stone Quarters Fort Mackinac MI 1780 Military Oldest building in Michigan.[40]
Mission San Xavier del Bac Tohono O’odham San Xavier Indian Reservation AZ 1797 Mission Oldest European structure in Arizona.[41]
Baird Thomain Residence New Orleans LA 1807 Residential/Commercial The oldest surviving building in Uptown New Orleans.[42]
Joel Eddins House Huntsville AL 1808 Residential Possibly the oldest surviving building in Alabama.[43]
Burlington County Prison Mount Holly NJ 1811 Prison Possibly oldest prison building, which operated from 1811 to 1965.
Jeremiah Gates Home Old Brooklyn OH 1820 Residential Possibly the country's oldest private residence west of the Cuyahoga River.
Wakely Home Nekoosa WI 1842 Residential This is possibly the oldest frame house in the state of Wisconsin.
Cataldo Mission Cataldo ID 1848 Mission Oldest standing building in Idaho.
Louisville Water Tower Louisville KY 1856 Public Utility Oldest ornamental water tower in the world.
Fort Misery Prescott AZ 1865 c. Cabin/Fort

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ "Old Santa Fe: A Brief Review of History, 1536-1912" by James J. Raciti (2003) pg. 38
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Historic Churches of America" - Page 8 by Nellie Urner Wallington (1907)
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^
  11. ^ "Guide to New York City Landmarks" - Page 270 by Andrew Dolkart, Matthew A. Postal (2003)
  12. ^ "Directory of Historic House Museums in the United States" Page 209 by Patricia Chambers Walker, Thomas Graham (1999)
  13. ^
  14. ^ William F. McNeil, "Visitors to Ancient America" (McFarland: 2004), 78.
  15. ^ Architecture and Town Planning in Colonial North America – Page 1036 by James D. Kornwolf, Georgiana Wallis Kornwolf (2002)
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^ a b Retrieved on December 31, 2011.
  22. ^
  23. ^ National Park Service description of the John Adams Birthplace, as part of the Adams National Historic Park in Quincy, MA.
  24. ^ National Park Service description of Old Ship Church
  25. ^ "Modern Perspectives in Western Art History: An Anthology – Page 315 by W. Eugene Kleinbauer, Medieval Academy of America – 1989
  26. ^ a b c
  27. ^
  28. ^ Oldest House of the Nantucket Historical Association
  29. ^ a b and Accompanying five photos, exterior and interior, historic and from 1974 PDF (32 KB)
  30. ^ Acadians-Guilford, Albert Lafreniere website retrieved on 2009-05-13
  31. ^ Hyland House website retrieved on 2009-05-11 Hyland House
  32. ^ National Survey of Historic Sites and Buildings, 1970
  33. ^
  34. ^
  35. ^
  36. ^
  37. ^
  38. ^
  39. ^ Pencak, William (2005). Jews & Gentiles in Early America: 1654–1800. Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan Press., pg. 92, 95 ISBN 0-472-11454-9.
  40. ^
  41. ^
  42. ^
  43. ^

External links

  • International Architecture database
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