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MINT (economics)

MINT countries

MINT is an acronym referring to the economies of Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria, and Turkey.[1][2] The term was originally coined by Fidelity Investments, a Boston-based asset management firm,[2] and was popularized by Jim O'Neill of Goldman Sachs, who had created the term BRIC.[3][4] The term is primarily used in the economic and financial spheres as well as in academia. Its usage has grown specially in the investment sector, where it is used to refer to the bonds issued by these governments. These four countries are also part of the "Next Eleven".


  • Thesis 1
  • Country data 2
  • Mexico 3
  • Indonesia 4
  • Nigeria 5
  • Turkey 6
  • Current leaders 7
  • See also 8
  • External links 9
  • References 10


In a column for Bloomberg View a few years after Fidelity coined the term,[3] O'Neill discussed the "MINT" economies:

I spent last week in Indonesia, working on a series for BBC Radio about four of the world’s most populous non-BRIC emerging economies. The BRIC countries -- Brazil, Russia, India and China -- with the addition of South Africa in 2010, the BRIC was re-coined BRICS, are already closely watched. The group I’m studying for this project -- let’s call them the MINT economies -- deserve no less attention. Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey all have very favorable demographics for at least the next 20 years, and their economic prospects are interesting. Policy makers and thinkers in the MINT countries have often asked me why I left them out of that first classification. Indonesians made the point with particular force. Over the years I’ve become accustomed to being told that the BRIC countries should have been the BRIICs all along, or maybe even the BIICs. Wasn’t Indonesia’s economic potential more compelling than Russia’s? Despite the size of its relatively young population (a tremendous asset), I thought it unlikely that Indonesia would do enough on the economic-policy front to quickly realize that potential. Now, meeting a diverse group of Indonesians — from the leading candidates for the 2014 presidential elections to shoppers in Jakarta’s busy malls — I found a healthy preoccupation with the country’s economic prospects."Could Indonesia do what’s needed to lift the country’s growth rate to 7 percent or more, they were asking, or would it have to settle for 'just' 5 percent?

Country data

Country Population GDP (PPP)
GDP (nominal)
GDP per capita (PPP)
GDP per capita (nominal)
Mexico 120,777,000 $2.260 trillion $1.367 trillion $18,714 $11,320 $370.9 billion $370.8 billion $741.7 billion 0.756
Indonesia 255,077,000 $2.744 trillion $914 billion $10,759 $3,587 $187.0 billion $178.5 billion $365.5 billion 0.684
Nigeria 178,721,000 $1.155 trillion $657 billion $6,467 $3,677 $141.1 billion $52.26 billion $193.36 billion 0.504 [5][6][7]
Turkey 78,152,000 $1.586 trillion $861 billion $20,299 $11,018 $163.4 billion $228.9 billion $392.3 billion 0.759


Due to Mexico's rapidly advancing infrastructure, increasing middle class and rapidly declining poverty rates it is expected to have a higher GDP per capita than all but three European economies by 2050.[8] This newfound local wealth also contributes to the nation's economy by creating a large domestic consumer market, which in turn creates more jobs.


With its large population, Indonesia will be ranked seventh in GDP by 2050 according to Jim O'Neill about BRIC and other prominent countries. Indonesia has a mixed economy in which both the private sector and government play significant roles. The country is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and a member of the G-20 major economies. Currently, Indonesia has the world's 8th largest GDP-PPP[9] and 16th largest nominal GDP.[10]

Indonesia is the world's fourth most populous country after China, India, and the United States and the world's third most populous democratic country after India and the United States. In 2009, BRIC and Indonesia represented about 42 and 3 percent of the world's population respectively and about 15 percent of global GDP altogether. All of them are G-20 countries. By 2015, Internet users in BRIC and Indonesia will double to 1.2 billion.[11][12] At 2009, Indonesia was the only member of the G20 to lower its public debt-to-GDP ratio – a positive economic management indicator.[13]


Lagos, Nigeria

Nigeria is a middle-income mixed economy and emerging market with expanding financial, service, communications, and entertainment sectors. It is ranked 20th (40th in 2005, 52nd in 2000), in the world in terms of Gross Domestic Product at purchasing power parity as of 2015, and largest within Africa, on track to become one of the 20 largest economies in the world in terms of nominal GDP by 2020. Its re-emergent, though currently under-performing, manufacturing sector is the third-largest on the continent, and produces a large proportion of goods and services for the West African region.


OECD (1961) and the G-20 major economies (1999). Since December 31, 1995, it has been part of the EU Customs Union. Mean wages were $8.71 per man-hour in 2009. Turkey grew at an average rate of 7.5 percent between 2002 and 2006, faster than any other OECD country.

According to a survey by Forbes magazine, Istanbul, Turkey's financial capital, in 2012, was ranked fifth in the world in number of billionaires with 30 (up two from 28 in 2010), behind Moscow (78 billionaires), New York City (57 billionaires), London (39 billionaires), and Hong Kong (38 billionaires).[15][16] Turkey's major cities and its Aegean coastline attract millions of visitors every year.

The CIA classifies Turkey as a developed country.[17] It is often classified as a newly industrialized country by economists and political scientists.[18][19][20]

Current leaders

See also

External links


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ a b
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^ World bank, Goldman Sachs
  9. ^ a b Gross Domestic Product 2011, PPP.The World Bank: World Development Indicators Database. Last revised on 18 September 2012.
  10. ^ a b Gross Domestic Product 2011.The World Bank: World Development Indicators Database. Last revised on 18 September 2012.
  11. ^ Internet users in BRIC countries set to double by 2015
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ Magazine: The MINT countries: Next Economic Giants?BBC News Last revised on 6th January 2013
  15. ^ Forbes: Moscow beats New York, London in the list of Billionaire Cities
  16. ^ Forbes: Top 10 billionaire cities in 2012: Istanbul
  17. ^ Developed Countries, CIA World Factbook.
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
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