World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Margaret Bechstein Hays

Article Id: WHEBN0035176122
Reproduction Date:

Title: Margaret Bechstein Hays  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lifeboats of the RMS Titanic, RMS Titanic, Margaret Mannion, Gladys Cherry, Alfred Nourney
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Margaret Bechstein Hays

Margaret Bechstein Hays
Born (1887-12-06)December 6, 1887
New York City
Died August 21, 1956(1956-08-21) (aged 68)
Buenos Aires, Argentina

Margaret Bechstein Hays (December 6, 1887– August 21, 1956) was a passenger on the RMS Titanic. She and her dog survived the ship's sinking, escaping on lifeboat no. 7. Following the disaster, she cared for two small children known as the "Titanic Orphans" in her New York City home until their mother claimed them.

Rescue from the Titanic

Margaret Bechstein Hays was born on December 6, 1887[1] to Frank and Mary A. Hays.[2][3] She was 24 years old when she boarded the Titanic at Cherbourg, France. She was accompanied by two friends, Olive Earnshaw and Lily Potter.[4] Earnshaw and Hays occupied first class cabin C-54. Gilbert Tucker, a young man Hays had met in Europe, cut his visit short to join her on the Titanic.[5] He occupied cabin C-53.[6]

When the ship hit an iceberg on April 14, 1912, Hays and Earnshaw were in their cabin. When the engines stopped they went to Potter's room, and then to inquire about the situation. When they returned to Potter's room they told her: "We have hit an iceberg but the steward told us we should not worry and should go back to bed."[6] Although Hays was not concerned, Potter was scared. They dressed and wrapped Hays' Pomeranian dog in blankets. They headed to C Deck, where Tucker helped them collect life jackets.[6]

Michel, right, and his brother, Edmond, in a photograph taken to aid in their identification after the sinking

The women and the dog[7] boarded lifeboat no. 7, which was the first boat prepared. The occupants of boat 7 were rescued early on April 15 by the RMS Carpathia. Also on the Carpathia were two young boys who spoke only French. Margaret spoke French fluently and she was concerned that they would be separated from one another. She volunteered to take the children into her care until their family could be located.[1] The boys played with Hays' dog, Lady,[8] while they were on the boat.[7]

The identities of the children were initially unknown,[7] but it was determined that they were Edmond and Michel Navratil.[3] Their father, Michel Sr., who died in the accident, had boarded the Titanic under an assumed name. He had taken the children from his estranged wife and was removing them to the United States.[9] Upon her return to New York, Margaret cared for the children, who became known as the "Titanic Orphans."[10] She had the help of the Children's Aid Society in caring for the boys[10] until their mother, Marcelle Navratil, came from Nice, France, to claim them.[11]

Hays married a Rhode Island physician, Charles Daniel Easton, in 1913[3] and they had two daughters. She was widowed on October 4, 1934.[12] She died on August 21, 1956, in Buenos Aires, Argentina, of a heart attack[13] while on vacation with one of her daughters. She is buried at St. Mary's Churchyard, Portsmouth, Rhode Island.[6]

Margaret Bechstein Hays was not, as has sometimes been claimed,[14] related to victim Charles Melville Hays, an American railroad executive traveling first class on the Titanic with his wife Clara and their adult daughter Orian (both of whom survived) and son-in-law (who perished). Mr. Hays' party was in a different group of cabins on B Deck.[15]

References

  1. ^ a b Geller, Judith B. (1998). Titanic: Women and Children First. New York, NY: W. W. Norton & Company. pp. 91–94.  
  2. ^ "Frank Hays: Obituary". New York Times. Dec 1, 1935. 
  3. ^ a b c "Miss Margaret Hays Weds". encyclopedia-titanica.org. New York Times (as re-printed by Encyclopedia Titanica). Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  4. ^ Welshman, John (2012). : The Last Night of a Small TownTitanic. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.  
  5. ^ Merideth, Lee W. (2003). 1912 Facts About Titanic. Sunnyvale, CA: Rocklin Press. p. 95.  
  6. ^ a b c d "Miss Margaret Bechstein Hays". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Encyclopedia Titanica. Retrieved March 21, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b c "Two Boys made Orphans by Disaster". United Press, Gazette Times. April 20, 1912. p. 1. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  8. ^ "Pets Who Sailed on the Titanic". lostandfond.co.uk. Lost and Fond. Retrieved March 19, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Mother is Coming to Claim Sea Waifs". New York Times. April 24, 1912. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  10. ^ a b "May learn identity of the Titanic Orphans". New York Times. April 22, 1912. Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  11. ^ "For the Children". encyclopedia-titanica.org. The Daily Banner (as re-printed on Encyclopedia Titanica). Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Dr. Charles Easton Dies After Operation". encyclopedia-titanica.org. New York Times (as re-printed on Encyclopedia Titanica). Retrieved March 20, 2012. 
  13. ^ "Margaret Hays Easton Death Certificate". Titanic-Titanic.com. United States State Department (as shown on Titanic-Titanic.com). Retrieved March 22, 1912. 
  14. ^ Hacking, Norman R. (1995). Prince Ships of Northern British Columbia: Ships of the Grand Trunk Pacific and Canadian National Railways. Heritage House Publishing. pp. 30–35.  
  15. ^ "Mr. Charles Melville Hays". encyclopedia-titanica.org. Encyclopedia Titanica. Retrieved May 10, 2012. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.