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Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah

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Title: Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Moetzet Chachmei HaTorah, World Agudath Israel, Chanoch Gad Justman, Avraham Kalmanowitz, Biala (Hasidic dynasty)
Collection: Agudat Yisrael, Moetzes Gedolei Hatorah, Rabbinical Organizations
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah

Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah[1] (Heb.: מועצת גדולי התורה ("Council of [great] Torah Sages")) refers to the supreme rabbinical policy-making council of several related prestigious Haredi Jewish intra national organizations.

The component words of the name are transliterated in a variety of ways. This is frequently done as Moetzet[2][3] and less frequently as Gedolai[4][5][6] and ha-Torah[4][6] or ha Torah.[5] The phrase is regularly shortened to Moetzes or The Moetzah.

Rabbis sitting on the various Moetzos are usually either one of the more prestigious rosh yeshivas ("heads") of yeshivas or Hasidic Rebbes who are also usually regarded by many ultra-orthodox jews to be the Gedolim ("great/est") sages of Torah Judaism.


  • In Europe 1
  • In the United States 2
  • In Israel 3
  • Members in Israel 4
    • Past members 4.1
    • Current members belonging to Agudath Israel 4.2
    • Current members belonging to Degel HaTorah 4.3
  • Members in the United States 5
    • Past members 5.1
    • Current members 5.2
  • See also 6
  • References 7

In Europe

Prior to World War II, only one such body existed, the World Agudath Israel .[7]

In the United States

The Moetzes of Da'as Torah.

In Israel

The Moetzet (usually transliterated with an ending "t") of Agudat Yisrael likewise constituted the Israeli Ashkenazic haredi community's religious policy leadership, and exercises strong control over political matters for strongly observant Israelis, such as joining government coalitions.[10][11]

Prior to Degel HaTorah's late 1980s break from Agudat Israel (because of the dominance of the Polish Hasidic groups), there was only one Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah in Israel.[12] With the breakaway (led by Rabbi Elazar Shach), two separate, at times complementary, councils were created.

The Haredi Sephardi Jews of Israel had also at one time followed the leadership of the Moetzet of Agudat Yisrael when it was still a body that generally spoke for most of Israel's Haredim. Eventually, however, the Haredi Sefardim broke with their Ashkenazi counterparts(,again because of the dominance of the Polish Hasidic groups,) and established the Moetzet Chachmei HaTorah ("Council of [wise] Torah Sages"), which in turn became the source for the formulation and expression of the policies and agenda of the Shas political party in the Israeli Knesset.[13] Rabbi Ovadiah Yosef became the main leadership figure of this council.

Members in Israel

Past members


Current members belonging to Agudath Israel

Moetzes Agudas Yisroel meeting February 2013 with 12 of 13 members present from l-r:Vizhnitz-Merkaz Rebbe; Boyana Rebbe; Modzitzer Rebbe; Slonimer Rebbe; Sanzer Rebbe; Belzer Rebbe; Erlauer Rebbe; Gerer Rebbe; Vizhnitzer Rebbe; Sadigur Rebbe; Bialer Rebbe; Bostoner Rebbe; (not in photo:Serit-Vizhnitzer Rebbe)[14]

Current members belonging to Degel HaTorah


Members in the United States

Past members


Current members

See also


  1. ^ a b Schloss, Chaim (2004) [2002]. 2000 Years of Jewish History (Fourth Revised ed.). Jerusalem, Israel: Feldheim Publishers. p. 294.  
  2. ^ Elazar, Daniel J. (1989). People and Polity: The Organizational Dynamic of World Jewry. Wayne State University Press. p. 129.  
  3. ^ Baumel, Simeon D. (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language and Culture among the Haredim in Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 34.  
  4. ^ a b Kranzler, David; Landesman, Dovid (1998). Rav Breuer: His Life and Legacy. Jerusalem, Israel: The Rabbi Dr. Joseph Breuer Foundation. p. 37.  
  5. ^ a b Tikkun 6. 1991. p. 62. Retrieved July 8, 2010. Agudath demanded insularity and an authoritarian organization. The Agudath founded the Moetzes Gedolai Ha Torah (the Council of Torah sages), a group of renowned rabbis, the interpret the problematic areas of modern life according to Torah law. 
  6. ^ a b Sherman, Moshe D. (1996). Orthodox Judaism in America: A Biographical Dictionary and Sourcebook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 123.  
  7. ^ Amsel, Meir (1986). Encyclopedia Hamaor: Perpetual Memoirs and Responsa in 4 Divisions. Congregation and  
  8. ^ Hunter, Isaac (2007). Katz, Steven T., ed. Wrestling with God: Jewish Theological Responses during and after the Holocaust. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 557.  
  9. ^ Daring to Dream (pamphlet). New York, NY: Agudath Israel of America. May 2003. p. unnumbered. Retrieved July 8, 2010. Through the years, Agudath Israel has been guided by its Torah leadership, mainly through the Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah (Council of Torah Sages), comprised of many of the country's leading rabbinic authorities. Aside from the focus put on their decisions and policy statements, regarding most every major issue confronting American Orthodoxy... 
  10. ^ Goldberg, David H.; Reich, Bernard (January 2009). Fatton, Jr., Robert, ed. Religion, State, and Society: Jefferson's Wall of Separation in Comparative Perspective. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan / St.Martin's Press. p. 224.  
  11. ^ Baumel, Simeon D. (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language and Culture among the Haredim in Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 34.  
  12. ^ Baumel, Simeon D. (2006). Sacred Speakers: Language and Culture among the Haredim in Israel. Berghahn Books. p. 41.  
  13. ^ Bick, E (Winter 2007). "A Clash of Authority: Lay Leaders and Rabbis in the National Religious Party".  
  14. ^ HaMevaser Daily, Issue# 1244, February 8th, 2013, pg 1, "Gathering of Moetzes Gedolei HaTorah of Agudath Israel"
  15. ^ a b c Hapardes, September 1941, p. 16
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