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Mumbai (; also known as Bombay) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the most populous city in India, most populous metropolitan area in India, and the eighth most populous city in the world, with an estimated city population of 18.4 million and metropolitan area population of 20.7 million as of 2011.[8] Along with the urban areas, including the cities of Navi Mumbai, Thane, Bhiwandi, Kalyan, it is one of the most populous urban regions in the world.[9] Mumbai lies on the west coast of India and has a deep natural harbour. In 2009, Mumbai was named an alpha world city.[10] It is also the wealthiest city in India,[11] and has the highest GDP of any city in South, West or Central Asia.

The seven islands that came to constitute Mumbai were home to communities of fishing colonies.[12] For centuries, the islands were under the control of sul l l l l l l l l l l l l l l l

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First settled 1507
Named for Mumbadevi
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body BMC
 • Mayor Snehal Ambekar (SS)
 • Municipal commissioner Sitaram Kunte[3]
 • Metropolis 603 km2 (233 sq mi)
 • Metro 4,355[4][5] km2 (1,681.5 sq mi)
Elevation 14 m (46 ft)
Population (2011)[6]
 • Metropolis 12,478,447
 • Rank 1st
 • Density 21,000/km2 (54,000/sq mi)
 • Urban 18,414,288 (1st)
 • Metro[7] 20,748,395
Demonym Mumbaikar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ZIP code(s) 400 001 to 400 107
Vehicle registration MH 01–02–03–47

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