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Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast

Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast
Autonomous oblast of Azerbaijani SSR


Location of Nagorno-Karabakh
Capital Stepanakert
Government Autonomous Oblast
 •  Established July 7, 1923
 •  Disestablished November 26, 1991
Area 4,388 km2 (1,694 sq mi)
 •  162,181 
Density 37 /km2  (95.7 /sq mi)
Population source:[1]
Principal cities in the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (NKAO).

The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast (Russian: Нагорно-Карабахская автономная область, НКАО; Azerbaijani: Дағлыг Гарабағ Мухтар Вилајәти, ДГМВ, Dağlıq Qarabağ Muxtar Vilayəti, DQMV; Armenian: Լեռնային Ղարաբաղի Ինքնավար Մարզ, ԼՂԻՄ Lernayin Ġarabaġi Inknavar Marz, LĠIM) was an autonomous oblast within the borders of the Azerbaijan SSR, mostly inhabited by ethnic Armenians. According to Robert Service, in 1921 Joseph Stalin, then acting Commissar of Nationalities for the Soviet Union, included Nakhchivan ASSR and Karabakh under Azerbaijani control to try to placate Turkey to join the Soviet Union. Had Turkey not been an issue, Stalin would probably have left Karabakh under Armenian control.[2] As a result, the Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast was established with the Azerbaijan SSR on July 7, 1923. According to Karl R. DeRouen it was created as an enclave so that a narrow strip of land would separate it from Armenia proper.[3] According to Audrey L. Altstadt, the borders of the oblast were drawn to include Armenian villages and to exclude as much as possible Azerbaijani villages, so that the resulting area was sure to have an Armenian majority.[4]


  • Military conflict 1
  • Law on Abolishment of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast 2
  • Administrative divisions 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Military conflict

The Nagorno-Karabakh conflict between the Armenians in Nagorno Karabakh and Azerbaijan SSR of the

  • Former Soviet Union Carnage in Karabakh

External links

  1. ^ (Russian) НАГОРНО-КАРАБАХСКАЯ АО (1979 г.)
  2. ^ Robert Service, Stalin: a Biography (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2006, ISBN 0-674-02258-0), p. 204
  3. ^ Karl R. DeRouen, Civil Wars of the World: major conflicts since World War II, Vol. 1 (2007), p. 146
  4. ^ Audrey L. Altstadt, The Azerbaijani Turks: power and identity under Russian rule (Hoover Press, 1992, ISBN 0-8179-9182-4, ISBN 978-0-8179-9182-1)
  5. ^ Svante Cornell, Turkey and the Conflict in Nagorno Karabakh: A Delicate Balance, in Middle Eastern Studies Journal Vol 34, No. 1 (London: Frank Cass Publications, January 1998), pp. 51–72
  6. ^ 1993 UN Security Council Resolutions on Nagorno-Karabakh, U.S. State Department website, accessed February 2007


See also

Administrative divisions

The NKAO was dissolved as an entity of Azerbaijan by the Law on Abolishment of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast.

Law on Abolishment of Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous Oblast


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