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National Security Advisor (United States)

 

National Security Advisor (United States)

Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs
Incumbent
Susan Rice

since July 1, 2013
Executive Office of the President
Appointer The President of the United States
Formation 1953
First holder Robert Cutler
Website The White House

The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs, commonly referred to as the National Security Advisor (abbreviated NSA, or sometimes APNSA or ANSA to avoid confusion with the abbreviation of the National Security Agency), is a senior official in the Executive Office of the President who serves as the chief advisor, stationed in the White House, to the President of the United States on national security issues. This person also participates in the meetings of the National Security Council. The National Security Advisor's office is located in the West Wing of the White House. This person is supported by the National Security Council staff that produces research, briefings, and intelligence for the APNSA to review and present either to the National Security Council or directly to the President.

The current Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs is Susan Rice, who assumed the role on July 1, 2013.[1]

Contents

  • Role 1
  • History 2
  • List of National Security Advisors 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Role

The Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs (APNSA) is appointed by the President without confirmation by the United States Senate. However, the APNSA is a staff position in the Executive Office of the President and does not have line authority over either the Department of State nor the Department of Defense, but is able, as a consequence thereof, to offer advice to the President independently of the vested interests of the large bureaucracies and clientele of those departments, unlike the Secretary of State and the Secretary of Defense who are Senate-confirmed officials with line authority over their departments.

The influence and role of the National Security Advisor varies from administration to administration and depends heavily on the qualities of the person appointed to the position. In times of crisis, the National Security Advisor operates from the White House Situation Room, updating the President on the latest events of a crisis.

History

The [2]

[2]

List of National Security Advisors

# Picture Name Term of Office[4] President(s) served under
Start End
1 Robert Cutler March 23, 1953 April 2, 1955 Dwight D. Eisenhower
2 Dillon Anderson April 2, 1955 September 1, 1956
3 William H. Jackson September 1, 1956 January 7, 1957
4 Robert Cutler January 7, 1957 June 24, 1958
5 Gordon Gray June 24, 1958 January 13, 1961
6 McGeorge Bundy January 20, 1961 February 28, 1966 John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson
7 Walt W. Rostow April 1, 1966 January 20, 1969 Lyndon B. Johnson
8 Henry Kissinger January 20, 1969 November 3, 1975 Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford
9 Brent Scowcroft November 3, 1975 January 20, 1977 Gerald Ford
10 Zbigniew Brzezinski January 20, 1977 January 21, 1981 Jimmy Carter
11 Richard V. Allen January 21, 1981 January 4, 1982 Ronald Reagan
12 William P. Clark, Jr. January 4, 1982 October 17, 1983
13 Robert McFarlane October 17, 1983 December 4, 1985
14 John Poindexter December 4, 1985 November 25, 1986
15 Frank Carlucci December 2, 1986 November 23, 1987
16 Colin Powell November 23, 1987 January 20, 1989
17 Brent Scowcroft January 20, 1989 January 20, 1993 George H. W. Bush
18 Anthony Lake January 20, 1993 March 14, 1997 Bill Clinton
19 Sandy Berger March 14, 1997 January 20, 2001
20 Condoleezza Rice January 22, 2001 January 25, 2005 George W. Bush
21 Stephen Hadley January 26, 2005 January 20, 2009
22 James Jones[5] January 20, 2009 October 8, 2010 Barack Obama
23 Tom Donilon[6] October 8, 2010 July 1, 2013[7]
24 Susan Rice[7] July 1, 2013[7] present

References

Notes
  1. ^ http://change.gov/newsroom/entry/key_members_of_obama_biden_national_security_team_announced/
  2. ^ a b c d George, Robert Z; Harvey Rishikof (2011). The National Security Enterprise: Navigating the Labyrinth. Georgetown University Press. p. 32. 
  3. ^ a b Schmitz, David F. (2011). Brent Scowcroft: Internationalism and Post-Vietnam War American Foreign Policy. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 2-3. 
  4. ^ "History of the National Security Council, 1947-1997". National Security Council. White House. August 1997. Archived from the original on 2008-03-06. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  5. ^ "Key members of Obama-Biden national security team announced" (Press release). The Office of the President Elect. 1 December 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  6. ^ "Donilon to replace Jones as national security adviser". CNN. October 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-08. 
  7. ^ a b c Scott Wilson and Colum Lynch (June 5, 2013). "Tom Donilon resigning as national security adviser; Susan Rice to replace him".  

External links

  • www.whitehouse.gov/nsc
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