World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

North American Vexillological Association

Flag of the North American Vexillological Association.

The North American Vexillological Association (NAVA; vexillology, the scientific and scholarly study of flags. It was founded in 1967 by American vexillologist Whitney Smith and others.

The association publishes Raven: A Journal of Vexillology, an annual peer-reviewed journal, the Flag Research Quarterly, for vexillological topics and inter-disciplinary discussion, and NAVA News, a quarterly newsletter.[1]

The association honors achievement in the field with several honors and awards:

  • Whitney Smith Fellows: an individual who makes an outstanding contribution to North American vexillology may be elected to this honor by the association's executive board. An honoree is entitled to use the postnominals "WSF";
  • Honorary membership: an individual who renders distinguished service to the association that otherwise furthers the purposes of the association may receive this honor. It is restricted to persons who are not members and past presidents of the association;
  • Captain William Driver Award: presented to the individual who presents the best paper at the Association's annual meeting;
  • Kevin Harrington Award: presented to the individual who authors the best article to appear in a non-vexillological publication during the preceding year;
  • John Purcell Award: presented to an individual for an exemplary contribution that promotes public understanding of vexillology in North America;
  • Doreen Braverman Award: presented to an organizational member who supports the association’s mission by making a significant contribution to the vexillological community; and
  • Presidential citations: presented to members who make significant contributions to the association or to vexillology but whose accomplishments do not fall within the criteria for other awards.[2]

The association is a charter member of the International Federation of Vexillological Associations, and is among the largest vexillological organizations.


  • Principal officers 1
  • Organization flag 2
  • Annual meetings and meeting flags 3
  • See also 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Principal officers

(As of 2014)
  • President: John M. Hartvigsen
  • First Vice President: Anne M. Platoff, M.S., M.A., FF
  • Second Vice President: Kenneth W. Reynolds, Ph.D.
  • Secretary: Steven A. Knowlton M.L.I.S
  • Treasurer: Christopher P. Bedwell
  • Editor, Raven: A Journal of Vexillology: Kenneth W. Reynolds, Ph.D.
  • Editor, Flag Research Quarterly: Kenneth A. Hartvigsen, Ph.D.
  • Editor, NAVA News: Byron DeLear

Organization flag

The association's flag consists of a large white "V" (an inverted chevron) separating a blue triangle above from two red triangles on either side. The length of the top side of the blue triangle is the same as the width of the flag. (Note that a flag's "width" is its vertical dimension when flying from a flagpole.) The flag proportion is 2:3.

The "V" represents vexillology. The colors are taken from the flags of the two countries covered by the Association: Canada (red and white) and the United States (red, white, and blue).

Annual meetings and meeting flags

Since 1967, the Association has held annual meetings across the United States and Canada for all those interested in flags to present and discuss research and to honor vexillological achievement. Since 1977, it has marked each meeting with a distinctive flag.

Name Location and dates Meeting flag Designer(s) Meeting flag description
NAVA 0 Boston, MA
3 June 1967
none n/a The flag of the Flag Research Center was used for this meeting.
NAVA 1 Purchase, NY
18 November 1967
none n/a n/a
NAVA 2 Chillum, MD
12–13 October 1968
none n/a n/a
NAVA 3 Boston, MA
6–7 September 1969
none n/a As the site for ICV 3, that meeting flag was used.
NAVA 4 Pittsburgh, PA
10–11 October 1970
none n/a n/a
NAVA 5 Ottawa, ON
23–24 October 1971
none n/a n/a
NAVA 6 Chicago, IL
28–29 October 1972
none n/a n/a
NAVA 7 Valley Forge, PA
2–4 November 1973
none n/a n/a
NAVA 8 Baltimore, MD
12–14 October 1974
none n/a n/a
NAVA 9 Cleveland, OH
12–14 October 1975
none n/a n/a
NAVA 10 Toronto, ON
8–10 October 1976
none n/a n/a
NAVA 11 Washington, D.C.
10–14 June 1977
Steve Stringfellow The flag shows the NAVA colors (blue, red, and white) in an emblem resembling a lowercase N, the "77" in 1977, and the number 11.
NAVA 12 Montgomery, AL
7–9 October 1978
Charles Brannon
NAVA 13 Salem, MA
5–8 October 1979
Alfred Znamierowski A field of 13 alternating red and black horizontal stripes on which is centered a witch riding a broomstick. It refers to the host city's famous witchcraft trials, and to triskaidekaphobia, fear of the number 13.
NAVA 14 St. Louis, MO
3–6 October 1980
Dorothy Clayborne The flag is the NAVA flag defaced in the bottom center by a blue fleur-de-lis within a yellow circle, a reference to the host city's flag.
NAVA 15 Ottawa, ON
27–24 August 1981
Whitney Smith The flag shows an upright chevron, similar to the NAVA chevron, but in Canadian colors (red and white). Within the chevron is the maple leaf from the Canadian flag.
NAVA 16 Pittsburgh, PA
8–10 October 1982
Alfred Znamierowski A yellow pennant with a double circle of 16 stars on a field of black was used; black and yellow are Pittsburgh's colors.
NAVA 17 New York City, NY
14–16 October 1983
Phil Allen The flag features New York City's colors (blue, orange, and white) and an apple representing the city's nickname, "The Big Apple". Within the apple is hidden the number 17 reminiscent of the cutout tokens used by the New York City Transit Authority in the mid-20th century.
NAVA 18 Vancouver, BC
5–7 October 1984
Ralph Holberg The flag is a mixture of elements from the Vancouver and NAVA flags. The crossed axe and gavel in the green pentagon are taken from the Vancouver flag and form an "X" for the Roman numeral for ten. The chevron forms a "V" for the Roman numeral for five, and the wavy bars are the Roman numeral "3" to denote the 18th meeting.
NAVA 19 Kansas City, MO
11–13 October 1985
Ralph Holberg The flag depicts the "heart" logo of Kansas City's former flag using the colors of the Kansas City and NAVA flags. Contained within the Kansas City logo is the Roman numeral for 19.
NAVA 20 Trenton, NJ
10–12 October 1986
Jim Ferrigan The meeting flag incorporates "V"s for Vexillology that form "XX" (Roman numeral for 20), with the NAVA flag in the canton. The blue and gold reference the municipal flag of Trenton.
NAVA 21 San Francisco, CA
12–16 October 1987
James Croft, Jim Ferrigan, and Whitney Smith The flag shows the phoenix and Mural crown that appear on the San Francisco flag. The background resembles the NAVA flag. This meeting was also the ICV 12 meeting.
NAVA 22 Portsmouth, NH
7–9 October 1988
Ralph Holberg The flag depics white yacht sails on a light blue background. Flying from the mast is a stylization of the NAVA flag as a pennant above the international maritime signal flags for the letters P, N, and H for Portsmouth, New Hampshire.
NAVA 23 Dallas, TX
20–22 October 1989
John Purcell The meeting flag colors are those of the United States, Texas, Dallas, and NAVA. The star appears on both the Texas and Dallas flags and rests on the division with two points in the blue field and three in the red, indicating the 23rd meeting.
NAVA 24 Toronto, ON
5–7 October 1990
Sandra Armstrong The flag includes the colors of NAVA and Toronto. The Trillium is used as the official symbol of Ontario.
NAVA 25 Minneapolis, MN
11–13 October 1991
Kevin Harrington The flag shows blue and white, the Minneapolis colors, and is in the famous NAVA chevron shape. The yellow star in the center of the flag represents Minnesota framed by a red ribbon that forms the number 25.
NAVA 26 San Antonio, TX
9–11 October 1992
John H. Gámez The NAVA chevron appears in red on the meeting flag, with five white stars. The number of the points on all of the stars is 26. A silhouette of the Alamo is located in the background.
NAVA 27 Portland, ME
8–11 October 1993
John R. B. Szala The flag shows the NAVA colors. The eight-point blue star has an elongated arm pointing to the east, indicating Maine's position as the easternmost of the contiguous states, and the white pine tree is a symbol of the state.
NAVA 28 Portland, OR
8–10 October 1994
Donald T. Healy The flag shows the yellow beaver on the blue background, such as on the back of the Oregon flag. The NAVA chevron is depicted in the Portland flag's colors, blue, white, and green.
NAVA 29 Covington, KY
6–8 October 1995
Secundino Fernandez The NAVA chevron appears in red with the letter C above. Both the waving blue lines and C appear on the flag of Cincinnati, the principal city of the region where the convention was held.
NAVA 30 Sacramento, CA
11–13 October 1996
Richard A. Kenny and James J. Ferrigan III The flag is divided in half horizontally. The top half is white with the California bear and star in red taken from the California flag. The lower half is red with the Roman numeral for 30 in yellow, with a blue shadow on the flag.
NAVA 31 Chicago, IL
10–12 October 1997
John M. Purcell The flag is the Chicago flag design bent in the shape of the NAVA chevron. The stars are grouped 3-1 to denote the 31st meeting.
NAVA 32 Québec City, QC
9–12 October 1998
Jim Croft The flag shows the fleur-de-lis on the Québec flag. The NAVA chevron appears as a crenellated line, which appears as a border of the Québec City flag, and represents the walls of the old city.
NAVA 33 Victoria, BC
28 July-2 August 1999
Truman G. Pope The flag shows a red, white, and blue NAVA chevron dividing the field. The area outside the chevron is dark blue with yellow waves, similar to the ones on the British Columbia flag. The field inside the chevron is divided in half vertically and colored red and white. On the field is a counterchanged maple leaf.
NAVA 34 East Lansing, MI
6–8 October 2000
John M. Purcell The flag shows a large letter M in the United States colors for Michigan. The letter is actually one "M" in red and another in white, denoting the Roman numeral for 2000, the year of the meeting. Hidden in the middle of the M is the NAVA chevron. The background of the flag is blue, like the Michigan flag.
NAVA 35 Norfolk, VA
5–7 October 2001
Secundino Fernandez The V in Virginia and the NAVA chevron are put into one, and are located in the canton area of the flag. The background is blue, like the Virginia flag, and the flag incorporates elements of the flag of Hampton Roads.
NAVA 36 Aurora, CO
30 August-1 September 2002
Secundino Fernandez and David Martucci The flag resembles the Denver flag, with enhancements to make the bottom part of the flag to look like the NAVA flag.
NAVA 37 Montréal, QC
10–12 October 2003
Morgan Milner The flag has a cross, like the Montréal flag and the Québec flag. In the canton, the NAVA flag appears with a white fleur-de-lis in the chevron area, such as the ones on the Montréal and Québec flags.
NAVA 38 Indianapolis, IN
8–10 October 2004
Jim Croft The flag shows the NAVA chevron on a background of black and white checks, representing the checkered flag used in auto racing, representing the Indianapolis Motor Speedway. Within the chevron, a black-and-white version of the Indianapolis flag appears.
NAVA 39 Nashville, TN
7–9 October 2005
James W. Ritchie The flag shows the NAVA chevron appearing as the blue bar on the right of the Tennessee flag. The circle and stars of the Tennessee flag appear within the chevron.
NAVA 40 Reno, NV
13–15 October 2006
Sophie Rault The proportions of the flag are 5:8, it is swallow-tailed (as for NAVA 20 and NAVA 30). The blue field, the silver star in the canton and the golden-yellow stripe recall the Nevada state flag. The three blue-white-red stripes resemble the NAVA flag and the four stripes together celebrate 40 years of NAVA. The stripes are V-shaped for Vexillology.
NAVA 41 Glastonbury, CT
12–14 October 2007
Dean Thomas The three grape vines are from the state arms of Connecticut, and the blue and white colors recall the Connecticut state flag. The "V" motif symbolizes vexillology. The proportions are 3:5.
NAVA 42 Austin, TX
10–12 October 2008
Peter Krag (1839) Rectangle variant of the Texas revenue service flag, originally adopted in 1839.
NAVA 43 Charleston, SC
9–11 October 2009
John Purcell, Charles Spain, Ron Strachan, and Hugh Brady A purple crescent (for Charleston and Charles II) on a golden "sun in splendor" on a purple field, in 3:5 proportion. The "valleys" between the sun's rays are meant to evoke "v" for vexillology.
NAVA 44 Arcadia, CA
8–10 October 2010
William M. Belanich, Jr. The three colors of the flag of Los Angeles (green, yellow, and red) with the "44" in yellow located in the green field of the flag. The numerals also resemble a stylized angel representing Los Angeles. The red and green fields are separated by a yellow zig-zag containing the "v" for Vexillology.
NAVA 45 Alexandria, VA
1–5 August 2011
Anthony Burton The ICV 24 Congress flag was used.
NAVA 46 Columbus, OH
5–7 October 2012
William Belanich, Jr. The flag resembles a "slice" of the hoist of the Ohio flag. The white arc on a blue and red field is part of the "O" for Ohio on the state flag and also is a "C" for host city of Columbus. It is also a stylized chevron representing vexillology.
NAVA 47 Salt Lake City, UT
11–13 October 2013
John M. Hartvigsen The golden beehive is for Utah, the Beehive State; many early Utah flags used blue and white in their color schemes, which also visually describe the host city, white for salt and blue for the waters of the Great Salt Lake. The white cut “V” also symbolizes the valley between the Wasatch and Oquirrh mountain ranges. The two arcs of stars with four stars above and seven stars below symbolize that the gathering is NAVA’s 47th annual meeting. The large star below the beehive signifies the “Rising Star of Deseret” shown on many early flags of Utah history.
NAVA 48 New Orleans, LA
3–5 October 2014
Tony Burton, Zachary Harden and Keith Hammond

See also


  1. ^ "Publications". Retrieved 2013-02-24. ,
  2. ^ "Honors". Retrieved 2013-02-24. ,

External links

  • NAVA website
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.