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Pedro María de Anaya

Pedro María de Anaya
Portrait of Pedro María de Anaya

17th President of Mexico
In office
2 April 1847 – 20 May 1847
Preceded by Antonio López de Santa Anna
Succeeded by Antonio López de Santa Anna
In office
13 November 1847 – 8 January 1848
Preceded by Manuel de la Peña y Peña
Succeeded by Manuel de la Peña y Peña
Personal details
Born (1795-05-20)20 May 1795
Huichapan, Hidalgo, Mexico
Died 21 March 1854(1854-03-21) (aged 58)
Mexico City, Mexico

Pedro Bernardino María de Anaya (20 May 1795 – 21 March 1854) was a military officer who served twice as interim president of Mexico from 1847 to 1848. He also played an important role during the Mexican-American War.

He was born on 20 May 1795 in San Mateo de Huichapan, a town located in the modern-day state of Hidalgo. His parents were Pedro José Anaya y Maldonado and María Antonia de Álvarez, both Spaniards. He started his military career in the Royal Army in 1810, as a cadet in the company of Tres Villas. In June 1821 he joined the rebel army fighting for independence.

In 1847, after the victory of the invading U.S. Army in the Battle of Padierna (also known as the Battle of Contreras), the Mexican battalions of Independencia and Bravo were attacked in the convent of Santa María de Churubusco convent. This confrontation is known as the Battle of Churubusco, and the Mexican army was bravely commanded by Pedro María Anaya. When General Anaya was asked by General Twiggs to surrender his ammunition after the end of the battle, he was reputed to have replied, "If I had any ammunition, you would not be here".

The battle was important not only because the American victory made it possible for them win the Mexican-American War; it also was

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