World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Pine warbler

Pine warbler
Adult male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Parulidae
Genus: Setophaga
Species: S. pinus
Binomial name
Setophaga pinus
(Wilson, 1811)
Range of S. pinus      Breeding range     Year-round range     Wintering range
Synonyms

Dendroica vigorsii
Dendroica pinus

The pine warbler (Setophaga pinus) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family.

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Distribution and habitat 2
  • Behavior 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Description

These birds have white bellies, two white wing bars, dark legs and thin, relatively long pointed bills; they have yellowish lines over their eyes. Adult males have olive upperparts and bright yellow throats and breasts; females and immatures display upperparts which are olive-brown. Their throats and breasts are paler.

Standard Measurements[2][3]
length 5–5.75 in (127–146 mm)
weight 12 g (0.42 oz)
wingspan 8.75 in (222 mm)
wing 68.9–72.8 mm (2.71–2.87 in)
tail 52.9–56 mm (2.08–2.20 in)
culmen 9.9–11.6 mm (0.39–0.46 in)
tarsus 17.2–18.7 mm (0.68–0.74 in)

The song of this bird is a musical trill. Their calls are slurred chips.

Distribution and habitat

Female

Their breeding habitats are open pine woods in eastern North America. These birds are permanent residents in southern Florida. Some of them, however, migrate to northeastern Mexico and islands in the Caribbean. The first record for South America was a vagrant wintering female seen at Vista Nieve, Colombia, on 20 November 2002; this bird was foraging as part of a mixed-species feeding flock that also included wintering Blackburnian and Tennessee warblers.[4]

Behavior

They forage slowly on tree trunks and branches by poking their bill into pine cones. These birds also find food by searching for it on the ground. These birds mainly eat insects, seeds and berries.

Their nests are deep, open cups, which are placed near the end of a tree branch. Pine warblers prefer to nest in pine trees, hence their names. Three to five blotched white eggs are laid.[2]

References

  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b Godfrey, W. Earl (1966). The Birds of Canada. Ottawa: National Museum of Canada. p. 338. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Strewe, Ralf; Navarro, Cristobal (2004). "New and noteworthy records of birds from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta region, north-eastern Colombia" (PDF).  

External links

  • Pine warbler videos, photos, and sounds at the Internet Bird Collection
  • Dendroica pinusPine warbler - - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
  • Pine warbler species account - Cornell Lab of Ornithology
  • Pine warbler bird sound at Florida Museum of Natural History
  • Dendroica pinusBirdLife species factsheet for
  • Pine warbler photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)
  • Audio recordings of Pine warbler on Xeno-canto.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.