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Pine warbler

Pine warbler
Adult male
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Parulidae
Genus: Setophaga
Species: S. pinus
Binomial name
Setophaga pinus
(Wilson, 1811)
Range of S. pinus      Breeding range     Year-round range     Wintering range

Dendroica vigorsii
Dendroica pinus

The pine warbler (Setophaga pinus) is a small songbird of the New World warbler family.


  • Description 1
  • Distribution and habitat 2
  • Behavior 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


These birds have white bellies, two white wing bars, dark legs and thin, relatively long pointed bills; they have yellowish lines over their eyes. Adult males have olive upperparts and bright yellow throats and breasts; females and immatures display upperparts which are olive-brown. Their throats and breasts are paler.

Standard Measurements[2][3]
length 5–5.75 in (127–146 mm)
weight 12 g (0.42 oz)
wingspan 8.75 in (222 mm)
wing 68.9–72.8 mm (2.71–2.87 in)
tail 52.9–56 mm (2.08–2.20 in)
culmen 9.9–11.6 mm (0.39–0.46 in)
tarsus 17.2–18.7 mm (0.68–0.74 in)

The song of this bird is a musical trill. Their calls are slurred chips.

Distribution and habitat


Their breeding habitats are open pine woods in eastern North America. These birds are permanent residents in southern Florida. Some of them, however, migrate to northeastern Mexico and islands in the Caribbean. The first record for South America was a vagrant wintering female seen at Vista Nieve, Colombia, on 20 November 2002; this bird was foraging as part of a mixed-species feeding flock that also included wintering Blackburnian and Tennessee warblers.[4]


They forage slowly on tree trunks and branches by poking their bill into pine cones. These birds also find food by searching for it on the ground. These birds mainly eat insects, seeds and berries.

Their nests are deep, open cups, which are placed near the end of a tree branch. Pine warblers prefer to nest in pine trees, hence their names. Three to five blotched white eggs are laid.[2]


  1. ^  
  2. ^ a b Godfrey, W. Earl (1966). The Birds of Canada. Ottawa: National Museum of Canada. p. 338. 
  3. ^  
  4. ^ Strewe, Ralf; Navarro, Cristobal (2004). "New and noteworthy records of birds from the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta region, north-eastern Colombia" (PDF).  

External links

  • Pine warbler videos, photos, and sounds at the Internet Bird Collection
  • Dendroica pinusPine warbler - - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
  • Pine warbler species account - Cornell Lab of Ornithology
  • Pine warbler bird sound at Florida Museum of Natural History
  • Dendroica pinusBirdLife species factsheet for
  • Pine warbler photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)
  • Audio recordings of Pine warbler on Xeno-canto.
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