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Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Reconstruction of a pile house at the Pfahlbau Museum Unteruhldingen on Lake Constance in Germany

Type Cultural
Criteria iv, v
Reference 1363
UNESCO region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2011 (35th Session)

Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps is a series of prehistoric pile-dwelling (or stilt house) settlements in and around the Alps built from around 5000 to 500 B.C. on the edges of lakes, rivers or wetlands. 111 sites, located in Austria (5 sites), France (11), Germany (18), Italy (19), Slovenia (2), and Switzerland (56), were added to UNESCO World Heritage Site list in 2011.[1] In Slovenia, this is the first cultural world heritage site.[2]

Excavations, only conducted in some of the sites, have yielded evidence that provides insight into life in prehistoric times during the Neolithic and Bronze Age in Alpine Europe and the way communities interacted with their environment. As the nomination stated, the settlements are a unique group of exceptionally well-preserved and culturally rich archaeological sites, which constitute one of the most important sources for the study of early agrarian societies in the region.[1]

Contrary to popular belief, the houses were not erected over water, but on nearby marshy land. They were set on piles to protect against occasional flooding. Because the lakes have grown in size over time, many of the original piles are now under water, giving modern observers the false impression that they always had been. [3]

Contents

  • Sites 1
  • See also 2
  • Notes and references 3
  • External links 4

Sites

Country Serial ID Number Name Location Coordinates Location size (Ha) Buffer zone (Ha) Approx. Date occupied (BC) [4]
Switzerland 1363-001 Ägelmoos Beinwil am See 0.96 10.5 2000–1000
Switzerland 1363-002 Riesi Seengen 3.8 16.5 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-003 Vingelz / Hafen Biel/Bienne 0.6 18.4 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-004 Dorfstation Lüscherz 3.4 75.1 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-005 Lobsigensee Seedorf 1.1 27.6 3500–3000
Switzerland 1363-006 Rütte Sutz-Lattrigen 2.8 49.6 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-007 Bahnhof Twann 2.5 18.5 4000–3000
Switzerland 1363-008 Strandboden Vinelz 2.3 28.7 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-009 Les Grèves Gletterens 2.62 2.4 3500–3000
Switzerland 1363-010 Spitz Greng 7.69 7.3 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-011 Môtier I Haut-Vully 1.42 1.3 Neolithic
Switzerland 1363-012 Segelboothafen Murten 2.83 4.7 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-013 En Praz des Gueux Noréaz 0.08 2.02 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-014 Bellerive I Collonge-Bellerive 2.4 8.87 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-015 Port Corsier 1.94 10.9 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-016 Bourg Versoix 3.03 15.93 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-017 Egolzwil 3 Egolzwil 0.65 56.82 5000–4000
Switzerland 1363-018 Seematte Hitzkirch 2.81 24.55 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-019 Halbinsel Sursee 3.55 67.78 4000–3500, 2500–500
Switzerland 1363-020 Port-Conty Saint-Aubin-Sauges 1.04 7.03 4000–2000
Switzerland 1363-021 Les Argilliez Gorgier 1.32 1.2 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-022 L’Abbaye 2 Bevaix 1.04 5.01 1040–986
Switzerland 1363-023 La Saunerie Milvignes 1.51 1.63 4000–3500, 3000–2000
Switzerland 1363-024 Les Graviers Milvignes 0.57 2.13 3500–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-025 Kehrsiten Stansstad 1.26 5.14 4000–3000
Switzerland 1363-026 Weier I - III Thayngen 0.48 3.44 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-027 Hurden Rosshorn Freienbach 4.32 20.1 3500–3000, 2000–500
Switzerland 1363-028 Hurden Seefeld Freienbach 2.4 16.12 3500–2500
Switzerland 1363-029 Burgäschisee Ost Aeschi 0.3 90.69 4000–3500, 3000–2500
Switzerland 1363-030 Inkwilersee Insel Bolken/Inkwil 0.1 45.71 4000-3500, 3000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-031 Feldbach Rapperswil-Jona/Hombrechtikon 7.5 15.5 4000–1000
Switzerland 1363-032 Technikum Rapperswil-Jona 0.92 49.1 2000–1500
Switzerland 1363-033 Bleiche 2-3 Arbon 2.37 5.84 3500–3000, 2000–1500
Switzerland 1363-034 Insel Werd Eschenz 2.8 44.08 4000–2500, 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-035 Egelsee Gachnang-Niederwil 2.97 5.94 4000–3500
Switzerland 1363-036 Nussbaumersee Hüttwilen 3.66 16.86 5000–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-037 Pointe de Montbec I Chabrey 1.78 8.04 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-038 La Bessime Chevroux 1.07 22.1 4000–3500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-039 Village Chevroux 1.54 38.4 3500–2000
Switzerland 1363-040 Stations de Concise Corcelles-près-Concise 6.5 11.5 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-041 Corcelettes Les Violes Grandson 2.59 17.4 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-042 Les Roseaux Morges 0.86 8.1 2000–1000
Switzerland 1363-043 Stations de Morges Morges 2.12 7.91 2000–1000
Switzerland 1363-044 Chenevières de Guévaux I Mur, now Vully-les-Lacs 1.04 9.73 2000–1500
Switzerland 1363-045 Baie de Clendy Yverdon-les-Bains 1.87 38.7 4000–1500
Switzerland 1363-046 Le Marais Yvonand 1.95 16.8 3500–2500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-047 Oterswil / Insel Eielen Zug 0.45 10.82 3000–2000
Switzerland 1363-048 Riedmatt Zug 0.28 2.61 3500–2500, 1500–1000
Switzerland 1363-049 Sumpf Zug 1.55 7.5 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-050 Winkel Erlenbach 3.01 6.6 4000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-051 Storen-Wildsberg Greifensee 9.59 11.7 4000–2500
Switzerland 1363-052 Rorenhaab Meilen 0.7 4.8 4000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-053 Vorder Au Wädenswil 1.49 22.5 3500–1500
Switzerland 1363-054 Robenhausen Wetzikon 0.92 155 4000–2500, 2000–1500, 1000–500
Switzerland 1363-055 Enge Alpenquai Zurich 2.93 17.4 1500–500
Switzerland 1363-056 Grosser Hafner and Kleiner Hafner Zurich 0.64 16.56 5000–1500, 1000–500
Austria 1363-057 Keutschacher See Keutschach 0.21 132.5 4000–3500, 1000–500
Austria 1363-058 Abtsdorf I Attersee 1.1 91.43 1500–1000
Austria 1363-059 Abtsdorf III Attersee 0.22 91.43 4000–3000
Austria 1363-060 Litzlberg Süd Seewalchen am Attersee 0.76 65.26 4000–3000
Austria 1363-061 See Mondsee 1.22 0.97 3500–3000
France 1363-062 Le Grand Lac de Clairvaux Clairvaux-les-Lacs 15.2 103.05 4000–500
France 1363-063 Lac de Chalain, rive occidentale Marigny, Doucier, Fontenu 50.65 96.83 5300–600
France 1363-064 Lac d’Aiguebelette, zone sud Aiguebelette-le-Lac, Saint-Alban-de-Montbel 0.64 42.87 3000–2500
France 1363-065 Baie de Grésine Brison-Saint-Innocent 4.09 31.5 1000–500
France 1363-066 Baie de Châtillon Chindrieux 0.91 7.6 1000–500
France 1363-067 Hautecombe Saint-Pierre-de-Curtille 2.03 5.7 3500–3000
France 1363-068 Littoral de Tresserve Tresserve 2.12 72.4 1000–500
France 1363-069 Littoral de Chens-sur-Léman Chens-sur-Léman 0.93 92.6 1500–500
France 1363-070 Les Marais de Saint-Jorioz Saint-Jorioz 0.49 4.3 4000–3500
France 1363-071 Le Crêt de Chatillon Sévrier 1.07 8.2 1500–500
France 1363-072 Secteur des Mongets Sévrier, Saint-Jorioz 0.13 63.2 2000–1500
Germany 1363-073 Wangen-Hinterhorn Öhningen 2.56 3.2 4000–2500, 1500–500
Germany 1363-074 Hornstaad-Hörnle Gaienhofen 13.11 72.4 4000–2500
Germany 1363-075 Allensbach-Strandbad Allensbach 2.65 6.6 4000–2500
Germany 1363-076 Wollmatingen-Langenrain Konstanz 1.55 83.7 1000–500
Germany 1363-077 Konstanz-Hinterhausen Konstanz 4.15 4.12 4000–3500, 3000–2500
Germany 1363-078 Litzelstetten-Krähenhorn 32 Konstanz 7.51 47.92 3960–3805
Germany 1363-079 Bodman-Schachen / Löchle Bodman-Ludwigshafen 5.34 14.1 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–1000
Germany 1363-080 Sipplingen-Osthafen Sipplingen 4.61 6.23 3919–2417, 934–933
Germany 1363-081 Unteruhldingen-Stollenwiesen Uhldingen-Mühlhofen 4.22 4.52 4000–3500, 3000–2500, 2000–500
Germany 1363-082 Ödenahlen Alleshausen 0.97 58.02 4000–3500
Germany 1363-083 Grundwiesen Alleshausen 0.54 3.42 3020–2700
Germany 1363-084 Siedlung Forschner Bad Buchau 3.54 285.14 1767–1480
Germany 1363-085 Olzreute-Enzisholz Bad Schussenried 1.82 20.62 3000–2500
Germany 1363-086 Schreckensee Wolpertswende 1.06 7.05 3651–3263
Germany 1363-087 Ehrenstein Blaustein 1.33 2.42 4000–3500
Germany 1363-088 Pestenacker Weil 0.57 3.66 3495–3481
Germany 1363-089 Unfriedshausen Geltendorf 0.79 7.69 3813–3535
Germany 1363-090 Rose Island Feldafing 15.16 34.3 5000–2500, 2000–500
Italy 1363-091 Palù di Livenza – Santissima Polcenigo 13.48 86.72 4766–4375, 3768–3538
Italy 1363-092 Lavagnone Desenzano del Garda 6.04 14.45 2500–1000
Italy 1363-093 San Sivino, Gabbiano Manerba del Garda 1.85 3.46 2500–1500
Italy 1363-094 Lugana Vecchia Sirmione 2.59 11.16 2500–1000
Italy 1363-095 Lucone Polpenazze del Garda 7.66 68.2 5000–3500, 2500–1500
Italy 1363-096 Lagazzi del Vho Piadena 2.77 18.46 2000–1500
Italy 1363-097 Bande - Corte Carpani Cavriana 7.33 36.4 2005–1959
Italy 1363-098 Castellaro Lagusello - Fondo Tacoli Monzambano 1.23 59.04 2000–1000
Italy 1363-099 Isolino Virginia-Camilla-Isola di San Biagio Biandronno 3.79 25.07 5000–1000
Italy 1363-100 Bodio centrale o delle Monete Bodio Lomnago 1.67 28.55 2000–1000
Italy 1363-101 Il Sabbione o settentrionale Cadrezzate 1.18 9.61 2000–1000
Italy 1363-102 VI.1-Emissario Viverone, Azeglio 5.86 852.77 2000–1000
Italy 1363-103 Mercurago Arona 5.16 270.06 2000–1000
Italy 1363-104 Molina di Ledro Ledro 0.78 2.31 1900–1300
Italy 1363-105 Fiavé-Lago Carera Fiavè 10.7 73.92 4000–3500, 2000–1000
Italy 1363-106 Belvedere Peschiera del Garda 2.52 12.46 2500–1500
Italy 1363-107 Frassino Peschiera del Garda 1.48 31.19 2000–1000
Italy 1363-108 Tombola Cerea 1.51 123.76 1500–1000
Italy 1363-109 Laghetto della Costa Arquà Petrarca 1.56 6.52 2500–1500
Slovenia 1363-110 Kolišča na Igu, severna skupina Ig 19.2 516.65 3000–1500
Slovenia 1363-111 Kolišča na Igu, južna skupina Ig 26.1 516.55 5000–2500
Source [5][6]

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ a b UNESCO World Heritage Site - Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps
  2. ^ Maša Štiftar de Arzu, ed. (14 October 2011). "Pile-dwellings in the Ljubljansko Barje on UNESCO List". Embassy Newsletter (Embassy of Slovenia in Washington). 
  3. ^ Armando Mombelli, Lake dwellings reveal hidden past, SwissInfo.ch, Nov 11, 2011
  4. ^ palafittes.org nomination documents accessed 14 August 2011
  5. ^ Prehistoric Pile dwellings around the Alps, Locations accessed 12 August 2011. Due to errors in coordinates from this document, some coordinates come from other sources.
  6. ^ Location and coordinates taken from Palafittes.org nominating documents-Revised executive summary accessed 12 August 2011. Coordinates converted from UTM.

External links

  • Official website
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