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Prince Gennaro of Naples and Sicily

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Prince Gennaro of Naples and Sicily

Gennaro
File:Gennaro2Sicily.jpg
Full name
Italian: Gennaro Carlo Francesco
House House of Bourbon
Father Ferdinand IV of Naples
Mother Maria Carolina of Austria
Born (1780-04-12)12 April 1780
Royal Palace, Kingdom of Naples
Died 1 January 1789(1789-01-01) (aged 8)
Caserta Palace, Kingdom of Naples
Burial Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples
Religion Roman Catholic

Gennaro of Naples and Sicily (Gennaro Carlo Francesco; 12 April 1780 – 1 January 1789) was a Prince of Naples and Sicily. He died of Smallpox aged 8. He and his mother are the central figures of a portrait by Angelica Kauffman in 1783.

Biography

Born at the Royal Palace of Naples in the Kingdom of Naples, he was his parents' third son and eighth child. He was named Gennaro in honour of Saint Januarius, the patron saint of Naples and a martyr saint of both the Roman Catholic and the Eastern Orthodox Churches.

A member of the House of Bourbon, he was a Prince of Naples and Sicily by birth.

His sisters included the future Holy Roman Empress, Grand Duchess of Tuscany. His younger sister's Princess Maria Cristina, was the wife of the future Charles Felix of Sardinia and Queen of Sardinia; Maria Cristina's twin Princess Maria Cristina Amelia died in 1783 of smallpox. Another sister was the Queen of the French[1] and the youngest was the future Princess of Asturias.

His cousin's included a Duke of Parma, Grand Duke of Tuscany, Holy Roman Emperor, Queen of Portugal, King of Spain, a Duchess of Calabria, the first wife of his older brother Ferdinand.[2]

He was the second in line to the throne, second only to his oldest surviving brother Prince Francis, then Duke of Calabria. At the age of three, he survived a smallpox epidemic which killed his older sister Maria Cristina Amelia[1] and younger brother Gusieppe,[1] the two dying within a week of each other in February 1783. Later that year, his mother gave birth to a stillborn daughter named Maria Cristina in honour of the said casualty Maria Cristina Amelia.

In August 1788, his mother gave birth to another son named Carlo. In December 1788, Giuseppe caught smallpox and died on 2 January 1789 at the Caserta Palace. Gusieppe passed the illness onto his infant brother who died a month after he, the pair are both buried at the Basilica of Santa Chiara, Naples.

He died during the time of the outbreak of the French Revolution in which his famous aunt Marie Antoinette would be murdered.

Ancestry

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 12 April 1780 – 1 January 1789 His Royal Highness Prince Gennaro of Naples and Sicily

References and notes

See also

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