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Protestant Cemetery, Rome

 

Protestant Cemetery, Rome

Cimitero Acattolico di Roma
Non-Catholic Cemetery
Protestant Cemetery
Details
Established 1738
Location Rome
Country Italy
Coordinates
Type Public
Style 18th–19th century European

The Cimitero Acattolico ("Non-Catholic Cemetery") of Rome, often referred to as the Cimitero dei protestanti ("Protestant Cemetery") or Cimitero degli Inglesi ("Englishmen's Cemetery"), is a public cemetery in the rione of Testaccio in Rome. It is near Porta San Paolo and adjacent to the Pyramid of Cestius, a small-scale Egyptian-style pyramid built in 30 BC as a tomb and later incorporated into the section of the Aurelian Walls that borders the cemetery. It was formerly called Il Cimitero Anticattolico, the anti-Catholic cemetery.[1] It has Mediterranean cypress, pomegranate and other trees, and a grassy meadow. It is the final resting place of non-Catholics including but not exclusive to Protestants or British people. The earliest known burial is that of a University of Oxford student named Langton in 1738. The English poets John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley are buried there.

Contents

  • Burials 1
    • John Keats 1.1
    • Percy Bysshe Shelley 1.2
    • Other burials 1.3
  • References 2
  • Further reading 3
  • External links 4

Burials

John Keats

Tombstone of John Keats

Keats died in Rome of tuberculosis at the age of 25, and is buried in the cemetery. His epitaph, which does not mention him by name, is by his friends Joseph Severn and Charles Armitage Brown, and reads:

This grave contains all that was mortal, of a young English poet, who on his death bed, in the bitterness of his heart, at the malicious power of his enemies, desired these words to be engraven on his tombstone: Here lies one whose name was writ in water.

Percy Bysshe Shelley

Tombstone of Percy Bysshe Shelley

Shelley, who did not know how to swim, drowned in 1822 while sailing in his yacht off the Italian Riviera. When his body washed up upon the shore, a copy of Keats' poetry was discovered in his pocket - doubled back - as though it had been put away in a hurry. He was cremated on the beach near Viareggio by his friends, the poet Lord Byron and the English adventurer Edward John Trelawny. His ashes were sent to the British consulate in Rome, who had them interred in the Protestant Cemetery some months later.

Shelley's heart supposedly survived cremation and was snatched out of the flames by Trelawny, who subsequently gave it to Shelley's widow, Mary. When Mary Shelley died, the heart was found in her desk wrapped in the manuscript of "Adonais," the elegy Shelley had written the year before upon the death of Keats, in which the poet urges the traveler, "Go thou to Rome ...".

Shelley and Mary's three-year-old son William was also buried in the Protestant Cemetery.

Shelley's heart[2] was finally buried, encased in silver, in 1889, with the son who survived him, Sir Percy Florence Shelley,[3] but his gravestone in the Protestant Cemetery is inscribed: Cor cordium ("heart of hearts"), followed by a quotation from Shakespeare's The Tempest:

Nothing of him that doth fade,
But doth suffer a sea change,
Into something rich and strange.

Other burials

Grave of Gregory Corso
Grave of Antonio Gramsci
Devereux Plantagenet Cockburn, † 1850, monument by Benjamin Edward Spence
Grave of Hans von Marées
Story's Angel of Grief.

References

  1. ^ Alison Chapman and Jane Stabler, editors, "Unfolding the South: Nineteenth-Century British Women Writers and Artists in Italy" (University of Manchester Press, 2003), p. 83.
  2. ^ Or, some have suggested, his liver. See , 28 June 1885.New York Times"Possibly Not Shelley's Heart?",
  3. ^ , 8 June 1985.The New York TimesLexa Selph, "Shelley's Heart", Letter to the Editor,

Further reading

  • Antonio Menniti Ippolito, Il Cimitero acattolico di Roma. la presenza protestante nella città del papa, Roma, Viella, 2014, ISBN 978-88-6728-114-5

External links

  • On-line database of tombs and deceased
  • [1]
  • Cemetery website (in Italian and English)
  • The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction Volume 10, No. 285, 1 December 1827, Project Gutenberg E-text contains an article entitled "Protestant Burial-Ground At Rome"
  • The Keats-Shelley House in Rome
  • GPS coordinates you need to use to find the graves of famous people in the Non-Catholic Cemetery
  • , 8 February 2006International Herald TribuneElisabeth Rosenthal. "A Cemetery of Poets Is in Crisis in Rome",
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