World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Religion in Costa Rica

Article Id: WHEBN0016886185
Reproduction Date:

Title: Religion in Costa Rica  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Religion in Costa Rica, Roman Catholicism in Costa Rica, Religion in Antigua and Barbuda, Religion in the Bahamas, Laura Chinchilla
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Religion in Costa Rica

Religion in Costa Rica (2013)[1]

  Catholicism (62%)
  Protestantism (21%)
  agnostic/atheist/none (9%)
  other religions (6%)
  unknown (3%)
The Basilica Los Angeles, Cartago, Costa Rica.

The most recent nationwide survey of religion in Costa Rica, conducted in 2007 by the University of Costa Rica, found that 70.5% of the population identify themselves as Roman Catholics (with 44.9% practicing, 25.6 percent nonpracticing), 13.8% are Evangelical Protestants, 11.3% report that they do not have a religion, and 4.3% declare that they belong to another religion.[2]

Religious presence

Apart from the dominant Catholic religion, there are several other religious groups in the country.[2] Methodist, Lutheran, Episcopal, Baptist, and other Protestant groups have significant membership.[2] The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons) claim more than 35,000 members and has a temple in San Jose that served as a regional worship center for Costa Rica, Panama, Nicaragua, and Honduras.[2][3] There are also approximately 2,500 members of the Jewish faith.[4]

Although they represent less than 1 percent of the population, Jehovah's Witnesses have a strong presence on the Caribbean coast.[2] Seventh-day Adventists operate a university that attracts students from throughout the Caribbean Basin.[2] The Unification Church maintains it's continental headquarters for Latin America in San Jose.[2]

Other religious groups, including followers of Buddhism, Judaism, Islam, Taoism, Hare Krishna, Paganism, Wicca, Scientology, Tenrikyo, and the Bahá'í Faith, claim membership throughout the country, with the majority of worshipers residing in the Central Valley (the area of the capital).[2] While there is no general correlation between religion and ethnicity, indigenous peoples are more likely to practice animism than other religions.[2][5]

Freedom of religion

Article 75 of the Costa Rican Constitution states that the "Catholic, Apostolic, and Roman Religion is the official religion of the Republic."[6] That same article provides for freedom of religion, and the Government generally respects this right in practice.[2] The US government found no reports of societal abuses or discrimination based on religious belief or practice in 2007.[2]

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k International Religious Freedom Report 2008: Costa Rica. United States Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights and Labor (September 14, 2007). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  3. ^ Costa Rica. LDS Newsroom. Retrieved 2008-12-13.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Buddhism in Costa Rica by Terrence Johnson, The Costa Rican News, August 5, 2012
  6. ^
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.